100 metres

The 100 metres, or 100-metre dash, is a sprint race in track and field competitions. The shortest common outdoor running distance, it is one of the most popular and prestigious events in the sport of athletics. It has been contested at the Summer Olympics since 1896 for men and since 1928 for women. The World Championships 100 metres has been contested since 1983.

Athletics
100 metres
Start of the men's 100 metres final at the
2012 Olympic Games.
World records
Men Usain Bolt 9.58 (2009)
Women Florence Griffith-Joyner 10.49[lower-alpha 1] (1988)
Olympic records
Men Usain Bolt 9.63 (2012)
Women Florence Griffith-Joyner 10.62 (1988)
World Championship records
Men Usain Bolt 9.58 (2009)
Women Marion Jones 10.70 (1999)

The reigning 100 m Olympic or world champion is often named "the fastest man or woman in the world". Christian Coleman and Shelly-Ann Fraser-Pryce are the reigning world champions; Usain Bolt and Elaine Thompson are the men's and women's Olympic champions.

On an outdoor 400 metres running track, the 100 m is run on the home straight, with the start usually being set on an extension to make it a straight-line race. There are three instructions given to the runners immediately before and at the beginning of the race: "on your marks," "set," and the firing of the starter's pistol. The runners move to the starting blocks when they hear the 'on your marks' instruction. The following instruction, to adopt the 'set' position, allows them to adopt a more efficient starting posture and isometrically preload their muscles: this will help them to start faster. A race-official then fires the starter's pistol to signal the race beginning and the sprinters stride forwards from the blocks. Sprinters typically reach top speed after somewhere between 50 and 60 m. Their speed then slows towards the finish line.

The 10-second barrier has historically been a barometer of fast men's performances, while the best female sprinters take eleven seconds or less to complete the race. The current men's world record is 9.58 seconds, set by Jamaica's Usain Bolt in 2009, while the women's world record of 10.49 seconds set by American Florence Griffith-Joyner in 1988 remains unbroken.[lower-alpha 1]

The 100 m (109.361 yards) emerged from the metrication of the 100 yards (91.44 m), a now defunct distance originally contested in English-speaking countries. The event is largely held outdoors as few indoor facilities have a 100 m straight.

US athletes have won the men's Olympic 100 metres title more times than any other country, 16 out of the 28 times that it has been run. US women have also dominated the event winning 9 out of 21 times.

Race dynamics

Start

Male sprinters await the starter's instructions

At the start, some athletes play psychological games such as trying to be last to the starting blocks.[3][4][5]

At high level meets, the time between the gun and first kick against the starting block is measured electronically, via sensors built in the gun and the blocks. A reaction time less than 0.1 s is considered a false start. The 0.2-second interval accounts for the sum of the time it takes for the sound of the starter's pistol to reach the runners' ears, and the time they take to react to it.

For many years a sprinter was disqualified if responsible for two false starts individually. However, this rule allowed some major races to be restarted so many times that the sprinters started to lose focus. The next iteration of the rule, introduced in February 2003, meant that one false start was allowed among the field, but anyone responsible for a subsequent false start was disqualified.

This rule led to some sprinters deliberately false-starting to gain a psychological advantage: an individual with a slower reaction time might false-start, forcing the faster starters to wait and be sure of hearing the gun for the subsequent start, thereby losing some of their advantage. To avoid such abuse and to improve spectator enjoyment, the IAAF implemented a further change in the 2010 season – a false starting athlete now receives immediate disqualification.[6] This proposal was met with objections when first raised in 2005, on the grounds that it would not leave any room for innocent mistakes. Justin Gatlin commented, "Just a flinch or a leg cramp could cost you a year's worth of work."[7] The rule had a dramatic impact at the 2011 World Championships, when current world record holder Usain Bolt was disqualified.[8][9]

Mid-race

Runners normally reach their top speed just past the halfway point of the race and they progressively decelerate in the later stages of the race. Maintaining that top speed for as long as possible is a primary focus of training for the 100 m.[10] Pacing and running tactics do not play a significant role in the 100 m, as success in the event depends more on pure athletic qualities and technique.

Finish

The winner, by IAAF Competition Rules, is determined by the first athlete with his or her torso (not including limbs, head, or neck) over the nearer edge of the finish line.[11] There is therefore no requirement for the entire body to cross the finish line. When the placing of the athletes is not obvious, a photo finish is used to distinguish which runner was first to cross the line.

Climatic conditions

Climatic conditions, in particular air resistance, can affect performances in the 100 m. A strong head wind is very detrimental to performance, while a tail wind can improve performances significantly. For this reason, a maximum tail wind of 2.0 m/s is allowed for a 100 m performance to be considered eligible for records, or "wind legal".

Furthermore, sprint athletes perform a better run at high altitudes because of the thinner air, which provides less air resistance. In theory, the thinner air would also make breathing slightly more difficult (due to the partial pressure of oxygen being lower), but this difference is negligible for sprint distances where all the oxygen needed for the short dash is already in the muscles and bloodstream when the race starts. While there are no limitations on altitude, performances made at altitudes greater than 1000 m above sea level are marked with an "A".[12]

10-second barrier

The 10-second mark had been widely been considered a barrier for the 100 metres in men's sprinting. The first man to break the 10 second barrier was Jim Hines at the 1968 Summer Olympics. Since then, numerous sprinters have run faster than 10 seconds.

Ethnicity

Only male sprinters have beaten the 100 m 10-second barrier, majority of them being of West African descent in particular those descendant from the Atlantic Slave trade. Namibian (formerly South-West Africa) Frankie Fredericks became the first man of non-West African heritage to achieve the feat in 1991 and in 2003 Australia's Patrick Johnson (an Indigenous Australian with Irish heritage) became the first sub-10-second runner without an African background.[13][14][15][16]

In 2010, French sprinter Christophe Lemaitre became the first Caucasian to break the 10-second barrier.[16] In 2017, Azerbaijani-born naturalized Turkish Ramil Guliyev followed[17] and in 2018, Filippo Tortu became the first Italian to run under 10s. In the Prefontaine Classic 2015 Diamond League meet at Eugene, Su Bingtian of China ran a time of 9.99 seconds, becoming the first East Asian athlete to officially break the 10-second barrier. On 22 June 2018, Su improved his time in Madrid with a time of 9.91.[18] On 9 September 2017, Yoshihide Kiryū became the first man from Japan to break the 10-second barrier in the 100 metres, running a 9.98 (+1.8) at an intercollegiate meet in Fukui. British sprinter Adam Gemili, an athlete with an Iranian-Moroccan ethnic background, became the first sprinter of Middle-Eastern and North African ancestry to legally break the barrier on 7 June 2015, having done so earlier in the same season with an excessive wind reading.[19]

Record performances

Major 100 m races, such as at the Olympic Games, attract much attention, particularly when the world record is thought to be within reach.

The men's world record has been improved upon twelve times since electronic timing became mandatory in 1977.[20] The current men's world record of 9.58 s is held by Usain Bolt of Jamaica, set at the 2009 World Athletics Championships final in Berlin, Germany on 16 August 2009, breaking his own previous world record by 0.11 s.[21] The current women's world record of 10.49 s was set by Florence Griffith-Joyner of the US, at the 1988 United States Olympic Trials in Indianapolis, Indiana, on 16 July 1988[22] breaking Evelyn Ashford's four-year-old world record by .27 seconds. The extraordinary nature of this result and those of several other sprinters in this race raised the possibility of a technical malfunction with the wind gauge which read at 0.0 m/s- a reading which was at complete odds to the windy conditions on the day with high wind speeds being recorded in all other sprints before and after this race as well as the parallel long jump runway at the time of the Griffith-Joyner performance. All scientific studies commissioned by the IAAF and independent organisations since have confirmed there was certainly an illegal tailwind of between 5 m/s – 7 m/s at the time. This should have annulled the legality of this result, although the IAAF has chosen not to take this course of action. The legitimate next best wind legal performance would therefore be Griffith-Joyner's 10.61s performance in the final the next day.[23]

Some records have been marred by prohibited drug use – in particular, the scandal at the 1988 Summer Olympics when the winner, Canadian Ben Johnson was stripped of his medal and world record.

Jim Hines, Ronnie Ray Smith and Charles Greene were the first to break the 10-second barrier in the 100 m, all on 20 June 1968, the Night of Speed. Hines also recorded the first legal electronically timed sub-10 second 100 m in winning the 100 metres at the 1968 Olympics. Bob Hayes ran a wind-assisted 9.91 seconds at the 1964 Olympics.

Continental records

Updated 7 March 2021[24]

Area Men Women
Time (s) Wind (m/s) Athlete Nation Time (s) Wind (m/s) Athlete Nation
Africa (records)9.85+1.7Olusoji Fasuba Nigeria10.78+1.6Murielle Ahouré Ivory Coast
Asia (records)9.91+1.8Femi Ogunode Qatar10.790.0Li Xuemei China
+0.6
+0.2Su Bingtian China
+0.8
Europe (records)9.86+0.6Francis Obikwelu Portugal10.73+2.0Christine Arron France
+1.3Jimmy Vicaut France
+1.8
North, Central America
and Caribbean (records)
9.58 WR+0.9Usain Bolt Jamaica10.49 WR0.0Florence Griffith-Joyner United States
Oceania (records)9.93+1.8Patrick Johnson Australia11.11+1.9Melissa Breen Australia
South America (records)10.00[A]+1.6Robson da Silva Brazil10.91−0.2Rosângela Santos Brazil

Notes

All-time top 25 men

Usain Bolt breaking the world and Olympic records at the 2008 Beijing Olympics

As of June 2021[25][26]

Rank Time Wind (m/s) Athlete Country Date Place Ref
1 9.58+0.9Usain Bolt Jamaica16 August 2009Berlin[27]
2 9.69+2.0Tyson Gay United States20 September 2009Shanghai[28]
−0.1Yohan Blake Jamaica23 August 2012Lausanne[29]
4 9.72+0.2Asafa Powell Jamaica2 September 2008Lausanne[30]
5 9.74+0.9Justin Gatlin United States15 May 2015Doha[31]
6 9.76 +0.6 Christian Coleman  United States 28 September 2019 Doha [32]
7 9.77+1.5Trayvon Bromell United States5 June 2021Miramar[33]
8 9.78+0.9Nesta Carter Jamaica29 August 2010Rieti[34]
9 9.79+0.1Maurice Greene United States16 June 1999Athens[35]
10 9.80+1.3Steve Mullings Jamaica4 June 2011Eugene[36]
11 9.82+1.7Richard Thompson Trinidad and Tobago21 June 2014Port of Spain[37]
12 9.84 +0.7 Donovan Bailey  Canada 27 July 1996 Atlanta
+0.2Bruny Surin Canada22 August 1999Seville
14 9.85+1.2Leroy Burrell United States6 July 1994Lausanne[38]
+1.7Olusoji Fasuba Nigeria12 May 2006Doha
+1.3Mike Rodgers United States4 June 2011Eugene
+1.5Marvin Bracy United States5 June 2021Miramar[33]
+0.8Ronnie Baker United States20 June 2021Eugene[39]
19 9.86+1.2Carl Lewis United States25 August 1991Tokyo[40]
−0.7Frankie Fredericks Namibia3 July 1996Lausanne
+1.8Ato Boldon Trinidad and Tobago19 April 1998Walnut
+0.6Francis Obikwelu Portugal22 August 2004Athens
+1.4Keston Bledman Trinidad and Tobago23 June 2012Port of Spain
+1.3Jimmy Vicaut France4 July 2015Saint-Denis[41]
+0.9Noah Lyles United States18 May 2019Shanghai[42]
+0.8Divine Oduduru Nigeria7 June 2019Austin[43]
+1.6 Michael Norman  United States 20 July 2020 Fort Worth [44]
+0.8 Fred Kerley  United States 20 June 2021 Eugene [45]

Below is a list of other times equal or superior to 9.86:

  • Usain Bolt also holds the world record for the fastest 100 metres with a running start at 8.70 (41.38 km/h). This was achieved in a 150 metres race during the BUPA Great City Games in Manchester on 17 May 2009, completed in 14.35 (also a world record).[46] He also ran 9.63 (2012), 9.69 (2008), 9.72 (2008), 9.76 (2008, 2011, 2012), 9.77 (2008, 2013), 9.79 (2009, 2012, 2015), 9.80 (2013), 9.81 (2009, 2016), 9.82 (2010, 2012), 9.83 (2008), 9.84 (2010), 9.85 (2008, 2011, 2013) and 9.86 (2009, 2010, 2012, 2016).
  • Tyson Gay also ran 9.71 (2009), 9.77 (2008, 2009), 9.78 (2010), 9.79 (2010, 2011), 9.84 (2006, 2007, 2010), 9.85 (2007, 2008) and 9.86 (2012).
  • Asafa Powell also ran 9.74 (2007), 9.77 (2005, 2006, 2008), 9.78 (2007, 2011), 9.81 (2015), 9.82 (2008, 2009, 2010), 9.83 (2007, 2008, 2010), 9.84 (2005, 2007, 2009, 2015), 9.85 (2005, 2006, 2009, 2012), and 9.86 (2006, 2011).
  • Yohan Blake also ran 9.75 (2012), 9.76 (2012), 9.82 (2011), 9.84 (2012), and 9.85 (2012).
  • Justin Gatlin ran 9.77 in Doha on 12 May 2006, which was at the time ratified as a world record. However, the record was rescinded in 2007 after he failed a doping test in April 2006. He also ran 9.75 (2015), 9.77 (2014, 2015), 9.78 (2015), 9.79 (2012), 9.80 (2012, 2014, 2015, 2016), 9.82 (2012, 2014), 9.83 (2014, 2016), 9.85 (2004, 2013) and 9.86 (2014).
  • Tim Montgomery ran 9.78 in Paris on 14 September 2002, which was at the time ratified as a world record.[47] However, the record was rescinded in December 2005 following his indictment in the BALCO scandal on drug use and drug trafficking charges.[48] The time had stood as the world record until Asafa Powell first ran 9.77.[49]
  • Ben Johnson ran 9.79 in Seoul on 24 September 1988, but he was disqualified after he tested positive for stanozolol after the race. He subsequently admitted to drug use between 1981 and 1988, and his time of 9.83 at Rome on 30 August 1987 was rescinded.
  • Christian Coleman also ran 9.79 (2018), 9.81 (2019), 9.82 (2017), 9.85 (2019), and 9.86 (2019).
  • Maurice Greene also ran 9.80 (1999), 9.82 (2001), 9.85 (1999) and 9.86 (1997, 2000).
  • Trayvon Bromell also ran 9.80 (2021) and 9.84 (2015, 2016).
  • Nesta Carter also ran 9.85 (2010) and 9.86 (2010).
  • Richard Thompson also ran 9.85 (2011).
  • Ato Boldon also ran 9.86 (1998, 1999).
  • Keston Bledman also ran 9.86 (2015).
  • Mike Rodgers also ran 9.86 (2015).
  • Jimmy Vicaut also ran 9.86 (2016).
  • Steve Mullings is serving a lifetime ban for doping.[50]

Assisted marks

Any performance with a following wind of more than 2.0 metres per second is not counted for record purposes. Below is a list of the fastest wind-assisted times (9.80 or better). Only times that are superior to legal bests are shown.

  • Justin Gatlin ran 9.45 (+20 m/s) in 2011 on the Japanese TV show Kasupe! assisted by wind machines blowing at speeds over 25 metres per second.[51] Due to the nature of the performance, World Athletics has not recognized it as a legitimate clocking.
  • Tyson Gay (USA) ran 9.68 (+4.1 m/s) during the U.S. Olympic Trials in Eugene, Oregon on 29 June 2008.[52]
  • Obadele Thompson (BAR) ran 9.69 (+5.7 m/s) in El Paso, Texas on 13 April 1996, which stood as the fastest ever 100 metres time for 12 years.
  • Andre De Grasse (CAN) ran 9.69 (+4.8 m/s) during the Diamond League in Stockholm on 18 June 2017[53] and 9.75 (+2.7 m/s) during the NCAA Outdoor Track and Field Championships in Eugene, Oregon on 12 June 2015.
  • Richard Thompson (TTO) ran 9.74 (exact wind unknown) in Clermont, Florida on 31 May 2014.
  • Darvis Patton (USA) ran 9.75 (+4.3 m/s) in Austin, Texas on 30 March 2013.
  • Churandy Martina (AHO) ran 9.76 (+6.1 m/s) in El Paso, Texas on 13 May 2006.
  • Trayvon Bromell (USA) ran 9.76 (+3.7 m/s) in Eugene, Oregon on 26 June 2015 and 9.77 (+4.2 m/s) in Lubbock, Texas on 18 May 2014.
  • Carl Lewis (USA) ran 9.78 (+5.2 m/s) during the U.S. Olympic Trials in Indianapolis on 16 July 1988 and 9.80 (+4.3 m/s) during the World Championships in Tokyo on 24 August 1991.
  • Maurice Greene (USA) ran 9.78 (+3.7 m/s) in Eugene, Oregon on 31 May 2004.
  • Ronnie Baker (USA) ran 9.78 (+2.4 m/s) during the Diamond League in Eugene, Oregon on 26 May 2018.
  • Andre Cason (USA) ran 9.79 (+5.3 m/s) and (+4.5 m/s) in Eugene, Oregon on 16 June 1993.
  • Walter Dix (USA) ran 9.80 (+4.1 m/s) during the U.S. Olympic Trials in Eugene, Oregon on 29 June 2008.
  • Mike Rodgers (USA) ran 9.80 (+2.7 m/s) in Eugene, Oregon on 31 May 2014 and 9.80 (+2.4 m/s) in Sacramento, California on 27 June 2014.
  • Terrance Laird (USA) ran 9.80 (+3.2 m/s) in College Station, Texas on 15 May 2021.[54]

All-time top 25 women

Christine Arron (left) wins the 100 m at the Weltklasse meeting.

As of June 2021[55][56]

Rank Time Wind (m/s) Athlete Nation Date Place Ref
1 10.490.0[lower-alpha 1]Florence Griffith-Joyner United States16 July 1988Indianapolis
2 10.63 +1.3 Shelly-Ann Fraser-Pryce  Jamaica 5 June 2021 Kingston [57]
3 10.64+1.2Carmelita Jeter United States20 September 2009Shanghai
4 10.65 [A]+1.1Marion Jones United States12 September 1998Johannesburg
5 10.70 +0.3 Elaine Thompson  Jamaica 1 July 2016 Kingston [58]
6 10.72 +1.6 Sha'Carri Richardson  United States 10 April 2021 Miramar [59]
7 10.73+2.0Christine Arron France19 August 1998Budapest
8 10.74+1.3Merlene Ottey Jamaica7 September 1996Milan
+1.0 English Gardner  United States 3 July 2016 Eugene [60]
10 10.75+0.4Kerron Stewart Jamaica10 July 2009Rome
11 10.76+1.7Evelyn Ashford United States22 August 1984Zürich
+1.1Veronica Campbell-Brown Jamaica31 May 2011Ostrava
13 10.77+0.9Irina Privalova Russia6 July 1994Lausanne
+0.7Ivet Lalova Bulgaria19 June 2004Plovdiv
+0.9Shericka Jackson Jamaica25 June 2021Kingston[61]
16 10.78 [A]+1.0Dawn Sowell United States3 June 1989Provo
10.78+1.8Torri Edwards United States26 June 2008Eugene
+1.6Murielle Ahouré Ivory Coast11 June 2016Montverde[62]
+1.0 Tianna Bartoletta  United States 3 July 2016 Eugene [60]
+1.0 Tori Bowie  United States 3 July 2016 Eugene [60]
20 10.790.0Li Xuemei China18 October 1997Shanghai
−0.1Inger Miller United States22 August 1999Seville
+1.1Blessing Okagbare Nigeria27 July 2013London
24 10.81+1.7Marlies Göhr East Germany8 June 1983Berlin
−0.3 Dafne Schippers  Netherlands 24 August 2015 Beijing [63]
  • Florence Griffith-Joyner's world record has been the subject of a controversy due to strong suspicion of a defective anemometer measuring a tailwind lower than actually present;[64] since 1997 the International Athletics Annual of the Association of Track and Field Statisticians has listed this performance as "probably strongly wind assisted, but recognised as a world record".[65] It can be reasonable to assume a wind reading of about +4.7 m/s for Griffith-Joyner's quarter-final. Her legal 10.61 the following day and 10.62 at the 1988 Olympics would still make her the world record holder.[66]

Below is a list of all other legal times equal or superior to 10.81:

  • As well as the 10.61 (1988) and 10.62 (1988) mentioned in the more facts section, Florence Griffith-Joyner also ran 10.70 (1988).
  • Carmelita Jeter also ran 10.67 (2009), 10.70 (2011), 10.78 (2011, 2012), 10.81 (2012)
  • Marion Jones also ran 10.70 (1999), 10.71 (1998), 10.72 (1998), 10.75 (1998), 10.76 (1997, 1999), 10.77 (1998), 10.78 (2000), 10.79 (1998), 10.80 (1998, 1999), 10.81 (1997, 1998)
  • Shelly-Ann Fraser-Pryce also ran 10.70 (2012), 10.71 (2013, 2019, 2021), 10.72 (2013), 10.73 (2009, 2019), 10.74 (2015, 2019), 10.75 (2012), 10.76 (2015), 10.77 (2013), 10.78 (2008, 2019), 10.79 (2009, 2015), 10.80 (2019), 10.81 (2015, 2019)
  • Elaine Thompson Herah also ran 10.71 (2016, 2017), 10.72 (2016), 10.73 (2019), and 10.78 (2016, 2017, 2021).
  • Sha'Carri Richardson also ran 10.74 (2021), 10.75 (2019) and 10.77 (2021).
  • Kerron Stewart also ran 10.75 (2009) and 10.80 (2008).
  • Merlene Ottey also ran 10.78 (1990, 1994), 10.79 (1991), 10.80 (1992)
  • Veronica Campbell-Brown also ran 10.78 (2010), 10.80 (2016), 10.81 (2012)
  • Evelyn Ashford also ran 10.79 (1983) and 10.81 (1988).
  • English Gardner also ran 10.79 (2015) and 10.81 (2016).
  • Tori Bowie also ran 10.80 (2014, 2016), 10.81 (2015)
  • Blessing Okagbare also ran 10.80 (2015).
  • Christine Arron also ran 10.81 (1998).
  • Inger Miller also ran 10.81 (1999).
  • Murielle Ahouré also ran 10.81 (2015).


Assisted marks

Any performance with a following wind of more than 2.0 metres per second is not counted for record purposes. Below is a list of the fastest wind-assisted times (10.81 or better). Only times that are superior to legal bests are shown.

  • Assuming that the 10.49 run by Florence Griffith-Joyner was aided by a +4.7 tailwind, and her personal best is 10.61, she also ran 10.54 (+3.0 m/s) on 25 September 1988 at the Olympic Games and 10.60 (+3.2 m/s) during the U.S. Olympic Trials in Indianapolis on 16 July 1988.
  • Blessing Okagbare (NGR) ran 10.63 (+2.7 m/s) in Lagos on 17 June 2021, 10.72 (+2.7 m/s) in Austin, Texas on 31 March 2018 and 10.75 (+2.2 m/s) in Eugene, Oregon on 1 June 2013.
  • Sha'Carri Richardson ran 10.64 (+2.6 m/s) in Eugene, Oregon on 19 June 2021.
  • Tori Bowie (USA) ran 10.72 (+3.2 m/s) during the USA Outdoor Track and Field Championships in Eugene, Oregon on 26 June 2015 and 10.74 (+3.1 m/s) during the U.S. Olympic Trials in Eugene, Oregon on 3 July 2016.
  • Tawanna Meadows (USA) ran 10.72 (+4.5 m/s) in Lubbock, Texas on 6 May 2017.
  • Cambrea Sturgis ran 10.74 (+2.2 m/s) in Eugene, Oregon on 12 June 2021.
  • Marshevet Hooker (USA) ran 10.76 (+3.4 m/s) during the U.S. Olympic Trials in Eugene, Oregon on 27 June 2008.
  • Gail Devers (USA) ran 10.77 (+2.3 m/s) in San Jose, California on 28 May 1994.
  • Ekaterini Thanou (GRE) ran 10.77 (+2.3 m/s) in Rethymno on 29 May 1999.
  • Gwen Torrence (USA) ran 10.78 (+5.0 m/s) during the U.S. Olympic Trials in Indianapolis on 16 July 1988.
  • Muna Lee (USA) ran 10.78 (+3.3 m/s) in Eugene, Oregon on 26 June 2009.
  • Marlies Göhr (GDR) ran 10.79 (+3.3 m/s) in Cottbus on 16 July 1980.
  • Kelli White (USA) ran 10.79 (+2.3 m/s) in Carson, California on 1 June 2001. This performance was annulled in 2003 after she tested positive for modafinil.
  • Twanisha Terry (USA) ran 10.79 (+2.2 m/s) in Eugene, Oregon on 12 June 2021.
  • Pam Marshall (USA) ran 10.80 (+2.9 m/s) in Eugene, Oregon on 20 June 1986.
  • Heike Drechsler (GDR) ran 10.80 (+2.8 m/s) in Oslo on 5 July 1986.
  • Jenna Prandini (USA) ran 10.81 (+3.6 m/s) during the U.S. Olympic Trials in Eugene, Oregon on 2 July 2016.

Season's bests

Top 20 junior (under-20) men

Updated 29 March 2020[67]

Rank Time Wind (m/s) Athlete Nation Date Place Age Ref
1 9.97+1.8Trayvon Bromell United States13 June 2014Eugene18 years, 338 days[68]
2 10.00+1.6Trentavis Friday United States5 July 2014Eugene19 years, 30 days
3 10.01+0.0Darrel Brown Trinidad and Tobago24 August 2003Saint-Denis18 years, 317 days
+1.6Jeff Demps United States28 June 2008Eugene18 years, 172 days
+0.9Yoshihide Kiryu Japan28 April 2013Hiroshima17 years, 134 days[69]
6 10.03+0.7Marcus Rowland United States31 July 2009Port of Spain19 years, 142 days
+1.7Lalu Muhammad Zohri Indonesia19 May 2019Osaka18 years, 322 days[70]
8 10.04+1.7D'Angelo Cherry United States10 June 2009Fayetteville18 years, 313 days
+0.2Christophe Lemaitre France24 July 2009Novi Sad19 years, 43 days
+1.9Abdullah Abkar Mohammed Saudi Arabia15 April 2016Norwalk18 years, 319 days[71]
11 10.05 NWI Davidson Ezinwa  Nigeria 3 January 1990 Bauchi 18 years, 42 days
+0.1Adam Gemili Great Britain11 July 2012Barcelona18 years, 279 days
+0.6Abdul Hakim Sani Brown Japan24 June 2017Osaka18 years, 110 days[72]
−0.64 August 2017London18 years, 151 days[73]
14 10.060.0Sunday Emmanuel Nigeria26 April 1997Walnut18 years, 200 days
+2.0Dwain Chambers Great Britain25 July 1997Ljubljana19 years, 111 days
+1.5Walter Dix United States7 May 2005New York19 years, 116 days
+0.8 Shaun Maswanganyi  South Africa 14 March 2020 Pretoria 19 years, 42 days [74]
18 10.07+2.0Stanley Floyd United States24 May 1980 Austin18 years, 336 days
+1.1DaBryan Blanton United States30 May 2003Lincoln18 years, 331 days
+0.2Tamunosiki Atorudibo Nigeria8 July 2004Abuja19 years, 109 days
+0.3 Jimmy Vicaut  France 22 July 2011 Tallinn 19 years, 145 days

Notes

  • Trayvon Bromell's junior world record is also the age-18 world record. He also recorded the fastest wind-assisted (+4.2 m/s) time for a junior or age-18 athlete of 9.77 seconds on 18 May 2014 (age 18 years, 312 days).[75]
  • Yoshihide Kiryu's time of 10.01 seconds matched the junior world record set by Darrel Brown and Jeff Demps, but was not ratified because of the type of wind gauge used.[76]
  • British sprinter Mark Lewis-Francis recorded a time of 9.97 seconds on 4 August 2001 (age 18 years, 334 days), but the wind gauge malfunctioned.[77]
  • Nigerian sprinter Davidson Ezinwa recorded a time of 10.05 seconds on 4 January 1990 (age 18 years, 43 days), but with no wind gauge.[78]

Below is a list of all other legal times equal or superior to 10.06:

  • Abdul Hakim Sani Brown also ran 10.06 (2017).

Top 20 junior (under-20) women

Updated 2 June 2020[79]

Rank Time Wind (m/s) Athlete Nation Date Place Age Ref
1 10.75+1.6Sha'Carri Richardson United States8 June 2019Austin19 years, 75 days[80]
2 10.88+2.0Marlies Göhr East Germany1 July 1977Dresden19 years, 102 days
3 10.89+1.8Katrin Krabbe East Germany20 July 1988Berlin18 years, 241 days
4 10.97+1.2Briana Williams Jamaica5 June 2021Miramar19 years, 76 days[81]
5 10.98+2.0Candace Hill United States20 June 2015Shoreline16 years, 129 days[82]
6 10.99+0.9Ángela Tenorio Ecuador22 July 2015Toronto19 years, 176 days[83]
+1.7Twanisha Terry United States21 April 2018Torrance19 years, 148 days[84]
8 11.02+1.8Tamara Clark United States12 May 2018Knoxville19 years, 123 days
9 11.03+1.7Silke Gladisch-Möller East Germany8 June 1983Berlin18 years, 353 days
+0.6English Gardner United States14 May 2011Tucson19 years, 22 days
11 11.04+1.4Angela Williams United States5 June 1999Boise19 years, 126 days
+1.6Kiara Grant Jamaica8 June 2019Austin18 years, 243 days[85]
13 11.06+0.9Khalifa St. Fort Trinidad and Tobago24 June 2017Port of Spain19 years, 131 days[86]
14 11.07+0.7Bianca Knight United States27 June 2008Eugene19 years, 177 days
15 11.08+2.0Brenda Morehead United States21 June 1976Eugene18 years, 260 days
16 11.09NWIAngela Williams Trinidad and Tobago14 April 1984Nashville18 years, 335 days
+1.6Ackera Nugent Jamaica27 May 2021Austin19 years, 28 days
18 11.10+0.9Kaylin Whitney United States5 July 2014Eugene16 years, 118 days
19 11.11 +0.2Shakedia Jones United States2 May 1998Westwood19 years, 48 days
+1.1Joan Uduak Ekah Nigeria2 July 1999Lausanne17 years, 224 days

Notes

  • Briana Williams ran 10.94 s at the Jamaican Championships on 21 June 2019, which would have made her the fourth fastest junior female of all-time.[87] However, she tested positive for the banned diuretic hydrochlorothiazide during the competition. She was determined to be not at fault and received no period of ineligibility to compete, but her results from the Jamaican Championships were nullified.[88][89][90]

Below is a list of all other legal times equal or superior to 11.11:

  • Briana Williams also ran 10.98 (2021), 11.00 (2021), 11.01 (2021), 11.02 (2019, 2021), 11.09 (2021), 11.10 (2019) and 11.11 (2019)
  • Sha'Carri Richardson also ran 10.99 x2 (2019).
  • Twanisha Terry also ran 11.03 (2018) and 11.08 (2018)
  • Marlies Gohr also ran 11.07 (1977) and 11.10 (1977)
  • Candace Hill also ran 11.07 (2016), 11.08 (2015) and 11.09 (2016)
  • Silke Gladisch-Moeller also ran 11.08 (1983)
  • Bianca Knight also ran 11.09 (2008) and 11.11 x2 (2008)
  • Ángela Tenorio also ran 11.09 x2 (2015) and 11.10 (2015)
  • Angela Williams (USA) also ran 11.11 (1998)
  • Kiara Grant also ran 11.11 (2019)

Top 20 Youth (under-18) boys

Updated 5 January 2020[91]

Rank Time Wind (m/s) Athlete Country Date Place Age Ref
1 10.15+2.0Anthony Schwartz United States31 March 2017Gainesville16 years, 207 days[92]
2 10.16-0.3Erriyon Knighton United States23 May 2021Boston, Massachusetts17 years, 114 days[93]
3 10.19+0.5Yoshihide Kiryu Japan3 November 2012Fukuroi16 years, 324 days
4 10.20+1.4Darryl Haraway United States15 June 2014Greensboro17 years, 87 days
+1.5Tlotliso Leotlela South Africa7 September 2015Apia17 years, 118 days[94]
+2.0Sachin Dennis Jamaica23 March 2018Kingston15 years, 233 days[95]
6 10.22+1.0Abdul Hakim Sani Brown Japan14 May 2016Shanghai17 years, 69 days
8 10.23+0.8Tamunosiki Atorudibo Nigeria23 March 2002Enugu17 years, 2 days
+1.2Rynell Parson United States21 June 2007Indianapolis16 years, 345 days
10 10.24+0.0Darrel Brown Trinidad and Tobago14 April 2001Bridgetown16 years, 185 days
11 10.25+1.5J-Mee Samuels United States11 July 2004Knoxville17 years, 52 days
+1.6Jeff Demps United States1 August 2007Knoxville17 years, 205 days
+0.9Jhevaughn Matherson Jamaica5 March 2016Kingston17 years, 7 days[96]
14 10.26+1.2Deworski Odom United States21 July 1994Lisbon17 years, 101 days
−0.1Sunday Emmanuel Nigeria18 March 1995Bauchi16 years, 161 days
16 10.27+0.2Henry Thomas United States19 May 1984Norwalk16 years, 314 days
+1.6Curtis Johnson United States30 June 1990Fresno16 years, 188 days
+1.0Ivory Williams United States8 June 2002Sacramento17 years, 37 days
−0.2Jazeel Murphy Jamaica23 April 2011Montego Bay17 years, 55 days
+1.9Raheem Chambers Jamaica20 April 2014Fort-de-France16 years, 196 days

Top 15 Youth (under-18) girls

Updated 5 January 2020[97]

RankTimeWind (m/s)AthleteNationDatePlaceAgeRef
1 10.98+2.0Candace Hill United States20 June 2015Shoreline16 years, 129 days[82]
2 11.02+0.8Briana Williams Jamaica8 June 2019Albuquerque17 years, 79 days
3 11.10+0.9Kaylin Whitney United States5 July 2014Eugene16 years, 118 days[98]
4 11.13+2.0Chandra Cheeseborough United States21 June 1976Eugene17 years, 163 days
+1.6Tamari Davis United States9 June 2018Montverde15 years, 159 days
6 11.14+1.7Marion Jones United States6 June 1992Norwalk16 years, 238 days
−0.5Angela Williams United States21 June 1997Edwardsville17 years, 142 days
8 11.16+1.2Gabrielle Mayo United States22 June 2006Indianapolis17 years, 147 days
+0.9Kevona Davis Jamaica23 March 2018Kingston16 years, 93 days
10 11.17 [A]+0.6Wendy Vereen United States3 July 1983Colorado Springs17 years, 70 days
11 11.190.0Khalifa St. Fort Trinidad and Tobago16 July 2015Cali17 years, 153 days
12 11.20 [A]+1.2Raelene Boyle Australia15 October 1968Mexico City17 years, 144 days
13 11.24−1.0Ewa Swoboda Poland4 June 2015Sankt Pölten17 years, 313 days
14 11.24+1.2Jeneba Tarmoh United States22 June 2006Indianapolis16 years, 268 days
+0.8Jodie Williams Great Britain31 May 2010Bedford16 years, 245 days

Notes

  • Briana Williams ran 10.94 s at the Jamaican Championships on 21 June 2019, which would have been a world under-18 best time.[87] However, she tested positive for the banned diuretic hydrochlorothiazide during the competition. She was determined to be not at fault and received no period of ineligibility to compete, but her results from the Jamaican Championships were nullified.[88][89][90]

Below is a list of all other legal times equal or superior to 11.24:

  • Briana Williams also ran 11.10 (2019), 11.11 (2019), 11.13 (2018), 11.21 (2018)
  • Tamari Davis also ran 11.15 (2020).
  • Kevona Davis also ran 11.24 (2017).

100 metres per age category

The best performances by 5- to 19-year-old athletes

As of August 2020

Para world records men

Jason Smyth (in lane five) breaking the men's T13 world record at the 2012 Paralympic Games in London.

Updated June 2021[99]

Class Time Wind (m/s) Athlete Nationality Date Place Ref
T11 10.92 +1.8 David Brown  United States 18 April 2014 Walnut
T12 10.45 +1.8 Salum Ageze Kashafali  Norway 13 June 2019 Oslo [100]
T13 10.46 +0.6 Jason Smyth  Ireland 1 September 2012 London
T32 23.25 0.0 Martin McDonagh  Ireland 13 August 1999 Nottingham
T33 16.46 +1.3 Ahmad Almutairi  Kuwait 12 May 2015 Doha
+1.0 3 June 2017 Nottwil
T34 14.46 +0.6 Walid Ktila  Tunisia 1 June 2019 Arbon
T35 11.77 +0.4 Ihor Tsvietov  Ukraine 15 November 2019 Dubai
11.77 +0.5 Dmitrii Safronov  Russia 2 June 2021 Bydgoszcz [101]
11.77 +0.5 Artem Kalashian  Russia 2 June 2021 Bydgoszcz [102]
T36 11.72 +0.7 James Turner  Australia 10 November 2019 Dubai
T37 11.42 +0.2 Charl du Toit  South Africa 10 September 2016 Rio de Janeiro [103]
T38 10.74 −0.3 Hu Jianwen  China 13 September 2016 Rio de Janeiro [104]
T42 12.42 0.0 Anton Prokhorov  Russia 15 November 2019 Dubai
T43 vacant
T44 11.00 +1.1 Mpumelelo Mhlongo  South Africa 11 November 2019 Dubai
T45 10.94 +0.2 Yohansson Nascimento  Brazil 6 September 2012 London
T46/47 10.42 +0.3 Petrucio Ferreira dos Santos  Brazil 12 November 2019 Dubai
T51 19.71 +0.4 Peter Genyn  Belgium 4 September 2020 Brussels
T52 16.41 +0.2 Raymond Martin  United States 30 May 2019 Arbon
T53 14.10 +0.7 Brent Lakatos  Canada 27 May 2017 Arbon
T54 13.63 +1.0 Leo-Pekka Tähti  Finland 1 September 2012 London
T61 12.73 +0.9 Ali Lacin  Germany 3 July 2020 Berlin
T62 10.54 +1.6 Johannes Floors  Germany 10 November 2019 Dubai
T63 11.95 +1.9 Vinicius Goncalves Rodrigues  Brazil 25 April 2019 São Paulo
T64 10.61 +1.4 Richard Browne  United States 29 October 2015 Doha

Para world records women

Updated June 2021[105]

Classification Time Wind (m/s) Athlete Nationality Date Place Ref
T11 11.85 +1.5 Jerusa Geber Santos  Brazil 27 July 2019 São Paulo
T12 11.40 +0.2 Omara Durand  Cuba 9 September 2016 Rio de Janeiro [106]
T13 11.79 +0.5 Leilia Adzhametova  Ukraine 11 September 2016 Rio de Janeiro [107]
T32 37.67 0.0 Lindsay Wright  United Kingdom 25 July 1997 Nottingham
T33 19.89 +0.3 Shelby Watson  United Kingdom 26 May 2016 Nottwil
T34 16.77 +1.4 Hannah Cockroft  United Kingdom 10 November 2019 Dubai
T35 13.43 +0.9 Isis Holt  Australia 19 July 2017 London
T36 13.68 +1.5 Shi Yiting  China 20 July 2017 London
T37 13.10 +1.3 Mandy Francois-Elie  France 24 May 2019 Nottwil
T38 12.38 +1.0 Sophie Hahn  Great Britain 12 November 2019 Loughborough
T42 14.61 −0.2 Karisma Evi Tiarani  Indonesia 13 November 2019 Dubai
T43 12.80 +1.0 Marlou van Rhijn  Netherlands 29 October 2015 Doha [108]
T44 12.72 +0.5 Irmgard Bensusan  Germany 24 May 2019 Nottwil [109]
12.72 +1.8 Irmgard Bensusan  Germany 21 June 2019 Leverkusen
T45 14.00 0.0 Giselle Cole  Canada 2 June 1980 Arnhem
T46/47 11.95 −0.2 Yunidis Castillo  Cuba 4 September 2012 London
T51 24.69 −0.8 Cassie Mitchell  United States 2 July 2016 Charlotte
T52 18.67 +1.7 Michelle Stilwell  Canada 14 July 2012 Windsor
T53 16.19 +1.0 Huang Lisha  China 8 September 2016 Rio de Janeiro [110]
T54 15.35 +1.9 Tatyana McFadden  United States 5 June 2016 Indianapolis
T61 14.95 +1.5 Vanessa Louw  Australia 20 January 2020 Canberra
T62 12.78 +1.0 Fleur Jong  Netherlands 21 August 2020 Leverkusen
T63 14.59 +0.2 Ambra Sabatini  Italy 12 February 2021 Dubai
T64 12.64 +1.6 Fleur Jong  Netherlands 3 June 2021 Bydgoszcz [111]

Olympic medalists

Men

Games Gold Silver Bronze
1896 Athens
 Thomas Burke (USA)  Fritz Hofmann (GER)  Francis Lane (USA)
 Alajos Szokolyi (HUN)
1900 Paris
 Frank Jarvis (USA)  Walter Tewksbury (USA)  Stan Rowley (AUS)
1904 St. Louis
 Archie Hahn (USA)  Nathaniel Cartmell (USA)  William Hogenson (USA)
1908 London
 Reggie Walker (RSA)  James Rector (USA)  Robert Kerr (CAN)
1912 Stockholm
 Ralph Craig (USA)  Alvah Meyer (USA)  Donald Lippincott (USA)
1920 Antwerp
 Charley Paddock (USA)  Morris Kirksey (USA)  Harry Edward (GBR)
1924 Paris
 Harold Abrahams (GBR)  Jackson Scholz (USA)  Arthur Porritt, Baron Porritt (NZL)
1928 Amsterdam
 Percy Williams (CAN)  Jack London (GBR)  Georg Lammers (GER)
1932 Los Angeles
 Eddie Tolan (USA)  Ralph Metcalfe (USA)  Arthur Jonath (GER)
1936 Berlin
 Jesse Owens (USA)  Ralph Metcalfe (USA)  Tinus Osendarp (NED)
1948 London
 Harrison Dillard (USA)  Barney Ewell (USA)  Lloyd La Beach (PAN)
1952 Helsinki
 Lindy Remigino (USA)  Herb McKenley (JAM)  McDonald Bailey (GBR)
1956 Melbourne
 Bobby Morrow (USA)  Thane Baker (USA)  Hector Hogan (AUS)
1960 Rome
 Armin Hary (EUA)  Dave Sime (USA)  Peter Radford (GBR)
1964 Tokyo
 Bob Hayes (USA)  Enrique Figuerola (CUB)  Harry Jerome (CAN)
1968 Mexico City
 Jim Hines (USA)  Lennox Miller (JAM)  Charles Greene (USA)
1972 Munich
 Valeriy Borzov (URS)  Robert Taylor (USA)  Lennox Miller (JAM)
1976 Montreal
 Hasely Crawford (TRI)  Don Quarrie (JAM)  Valeriy Borzov (URS)
1980 Moscow
 Allan Wells (GBR)  Silvio Leonard (CUB)  Petar Petrov (BUL)
1984 Los Angeles
 Carl Lewis (USA)  Sam Graddy (USA)  Ben Johnson (CAN)
1988 Seoul[112][113]
 Carl Lewis (USA)  Linford Christie (GBR)  Calvin Smith (USA)
1992 Barcelona
 Linford Christie (GBR)  Frankie Fredericks (NAM)  Dennis Mitchell (USA)
1996 Atlanta
 Donovan Bailey (CAN)  Frankie Fredericks (NAM)  Ato Boldon (TRI)
2000 Sydney
 Maurice Greene (USA)  Ato Boldon (TRI)  Obadele Thompson (BAR)
2004 Athens
 Justin Gatlin (USA)  Francis Obikwelu (POR)  Maurice Greene (USA)
2008 Beijing
 Usain Bolt (JAM)  Richard Thompson (TRI)  Walter Dix (USA)
2012 London
 Usain Bolt (JAM)  Yohan Blake (JAM)  Justin Gatlin (USA)
2016 Rio de Janeiro
 Usain Bolt (JAM)  Justin Gatlin (USA)  Andre De Grasse (CAN)

Women

Games Gold Silver Bronze
1928 Amsterdam
Betty Robinson
 United States
Fanny Rosenfeld
 Canada
Ethel Smith
 Canada
1932 Los Angeles
Stanisława Walasiewicz
 Poland
Hilda Strike
 Canada
Wilhelmina von Bremen
 United States
1936 Berlin
Helen Stephens
 United States
Stanisława Walasiewicz
 Poland
Käthe Krauß
 Germany
1948 London
Fanny Blankers-Koen
 Netherlands
Dorothy Manley
 Great Britain
Shirley Strickland
 Australia
1952 Helsinki
Marjorie Jackson
 Australia
Daphne Hasenjager
 South Africa
Shirley Strickland de la Hunty
 Australia
1956 Melbourne
Betty Cuthbert
 Australia
Christa Stubnick
 United Team of Germany
Marlene Matthews
 Australia
1960 Rome
Wilma Rudolph
 United States
Dorothy Hyman
 Great Britain
Giuseppina Leone
 Italy
1964 Tokyo
Wyomia Tyus
 United States
Edith McGuire
 United States
Ewa Kłobukowska
 Poland
1968 Mexico City
Wyomia Tyus
 United States
Barbara Ferrell
 United States
Irena Szewińska
 Poland
1972 Munich
Renate Stecher
 East Germany
Raelene Boyle
 Australia
Silvia Chivás
 Cuba
1976 Montreal
Annegret Richter
 West Germany
Renate Stecher
 East Germany
Inge Helten
 West Germany
1980 Moscow
Lyudmila Kondratyeva
 Soviet Union
Marlies Göhr
 East Germany
Ingrid Auerswald
 East Germany
1984 Los Angeles
Evelyn Ashford
 United States
Alice Brown
 United States
Merlene Ottey
 Jamaica
1988 Seoul
Florence Griffith-Joyner
 United States
Evelyn Ashford
 United States
Heike Drechsler
 East Germany
1992 Barcelona
Gail Devers
 United States
Juliet Cuthbert
 Jamaica
Irina Privalova
 Unified Team
1996 Atlanta
Gail Devers
 United States
Merlene Ottey
 Jamaica
Gwen Torrence
 United States
2000 Sydney
Vacant[114] Ekaterini Thanou
 Greece
Merlene Ottey
 Jamaica
Tayna Lawrence
 Jamaica
2004 Athens
Yulia Nestsiarenka
 Belarus
Lauryn Williams
 United States
Veronica Campbell
 Jamaica
2008 Beijing
Shelly-Ann Fraser
 Jamaica
Sherone Simpson
 Jamaica
none awarded
Kerron Stewart
 Jamaica
2012 London
Shelly-Ann Fraser-Pryce
 Jamaica
Carmelita Jeter
 United States
Veronica Campbell-Brown
 Jamaica
2016 Rio de Janeiro
Elaine Thompson
 Jamaica
Tori Bowie
 United States
Shelly-Ann Fraser-Pryce
 Jamaica

World Championship medalists

Men

Championships Gold Silver Bronze
1983 Helsinki ()  Carl Lewis (USA)  Calvin Smith (USA)  Emmit King (USA)
1987 Rome ()  Carl Lewis (USA)  Raymond Stewart (JAM)  Linford Christie (GBR)
1991 Tokyo ()  Carl Lewis (USA)  Leroy Burrell (USA)  Dennis Mitchell (USA)
1993 Stuttgart ()  Linford Christie (GBR)  Andre Cason (USA)  Dennis Mitchell (USA)
1995 Gothenburg ()  Donovan Bailey (CAN)  Bruny Surin (CAN)  Ato Boldon (TRI)
1997 Athens ()  Maurice Greene (USA)  Donovan Bailey (CAN)  Tim Montgomery (USA)
1999 Seville ()  Maurice Greene (USA)  Bruny Surin (CAN)  Dwain Chambers (GBR)
2001 Edmonton ()  Maurice Greene (USA)  Bernard Williams (USA)  Ato Boldon (TRI)
2003 Saint-Denis ()  Kim Collins (SKN)  Darrel Brown (TRI)  Darren Campbell (GBR)
2005 Helsinki ()  Justin Gatlin (USA)  Michael Frater (JAM)  Kim Collins (SKN)
2007 Osaka ()  Tyson Gay (USA)  Derrick Atkins (BAH)  Asafa Powell (JAM)
2009 Berlin ()  Usain Bolt (JAM)  Tyson Gay (USA)  Asafa Powell (JAM)
2011 Daegu ()  Yohan Blake (JAM)  Walter Dix (USA)  Kim Collins (SKN)
2013 Moscow ()  Usain Bolt (JAM)  Justin Gatlin (USA)  Nesta Carter (JAM)
2015 Beijing ()  Usain Bolt (JAM)  Justin Gatlin (USA)  Trayvon Bromell (USA)
 Andre De Grasse (CAN)
2017 London ()  Justin Gatlin (USA)  Christian Coleman (USA)  Usain Bolt (JAM)
2019 Doha ()  Christian Coleman (USA)  Justin Gatlin (USA)  Andre De Grasse (CAN)

Women

Championships Gold Silver Bronze
1983 Helsinki
 Marlies Oelsner-Göhr (GDR)  Marita Koch (GDR)  Diane Williams (USA)
1987 Rome
 Silke Gladisch-Möller (GDR)  Heike Daute-Drechsler (GDR)  Merlene Ottey (JAM)
1991 Tokyo
 Katrin Krabbe (GER)  Gwen Torrence (USA)  Merlene Ottey (JAM)
1993 Stuttgart
 Gail Devers (USA)  Merlene Ottey (JAM)  Gwen Torrence (USA)
1995 Gothenburg
 Gwen Torrence (USA)  Merlene Ottey (JAM)  Irina Privalova (RUS)
1997 Athens
 Marion Jones (USA)  Zhanna Pintusevich (UKR)  Savatheda Fynes (BAH)
1999 Seville
 Marion Jones (USA)  Inger Miller (USA)  Ekaterini Thanou (GRE)
2001 Edmonton
 Zhanna Pintusevich-Block (UKR)  Ekaterini Thanou (GRE)  Chandra Sturrup (BAH)
2003 Saint-Denis
 Torri Edwards (USA)  Chandra Sturrup (BAH)  Ekaterini Thanou (GRE)
2005 Helsinki
 Lauryn Williams (USA)  Veronica Campbell (JAM)  Christine Arron (FRA)
2007 Osaka
 Veronica Campbell-Brown (JAM)  Lauryn Williams (USA)  Carmelita Jeter (USA)
2009 Berlin
 Shelly-Ann Fraser (JAM)  Kerron Stewart (JAM)  Carmelita Jeter (USA)
2011 Daegu
 Carmelita Jeter (USA)  Veronica Campbell-Brown (JAM)  Kelly-Ann Baptiste (TRI)
2013 Moscow
 Shelly-Ann Fraser-Pryce (JAM)  Murielle Ahouré (CIV)  Carmelita Jeter (USA)
2015 Beijing
 Shelly-Ann Fraser-Pryce (JAM)  Dafne Schippers (NED)  Tori Bowie (USA)
2017 London
 Tori Bowie (USA)  Marie-Josée Ta Lou (CIV)  Dafne Schippers (NED)
2019 Doha
 Shelly-Ann Fraser-Pryce (JAM)  Dina Asher-Smith (GBR)  Marie-Josée Ta Lou (CIV)

See also

  • 100-yard dash
  • List of 100 metres national champions (men)
  • List of 100 metres national champions (women)
  • Men's 100 metres world record progression
  • Women's 100 metres world record progression
  • 2018 in 100 metres
  • 2019 in 100 metres
  • 2020 in 100 metres

Notes

    1. It is widely believed that the anemometer was faulty for the race in which Florence Griffith-Joyner set the official world record for the women's 100 m of 10.49 s.[1] A 1995 report commissioned by the IAAF estimated the true wind speed was between +5.0 m/s and +7.0 m/s, rather than the 0.0 recorded.[1] If this time, recorded in the quarter-final of the 1988 U.S. Olympic trials, were excluded, the world record would be 10.61 s, recorded the next day at the same venue by the same athlete in the final.[1][2]

    References

    1. Linthorne, Nicholas P. (June 1995). "The 100-m World Record by Florence Griffith-Joyner at the 1988 U.S. Olympic Trials" (PDF). Brunel University. Retrieved 24 March 2012.
    2. "Women's outdoor 100m". All-time top lists. IAAF. 17 September 2011. Retrieved 24 March 2012.
    3. Bob Harris; Ramela Mills; Shanon Parker-Bennett (22 June 2004). BTEC First Sport. Heinemann. p. 35. ISBN 978-0-435-45460-9.
    4. "The Day - Google News Archive Search". news.google.com.
    5. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 29 July 2014. Retrieved 23 August 2012.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
    6. "IAAF keeps one false-start rule". BBC. 3 August 2005. Retrieved 15 August 2008.
    7. "Gatlin queries false start change". BBC News. 6 May 2005. Retrieved 15 August 2008.
    8. Christopher Clarey (28 August 2011). "Who Can Beat Bolt in the 100? Himself". The New York Times. Retrieved 28 August 2011.
    9. "The disqualification of Usain Bolt". IAAF. 28 August 2011. Archived from the original on 14 September 2011. Retrieved 28 August 2011.
    10. "Usain Bolt 100m 10 meter Splits and Speed Endurance". Speedendurance.com. 22 August 2008. Retrieved 7 August 2012.
    11. Sandre-Tom. "IAAF Competition Rules 2009, Rule 164" (PDF). IAAF. Archived from the original (PDF) on 3 September 2009. Retrieved 23 August 2009.
    12. 100 metres IAAF
    13. Will Swanton and David Sygall, (15 July 2007). Holy Grails. The Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 18 June 2009. Archived 2009-06-20.
    14. The above source fails to mention that Namibian Frankie Fredericks was the first runner of non-West African descent to break the barrier.
    15. Athlete Profiles – Patrick Johnson. Athletics Australia. Retrieved 19 June 2009. Archived 20 June 2009.
    16. Jad, Adrian (July 2011). "Christophe Lemaitre 100m 9.92s +2.0 (Video) – Officially the Fastest White Man in History". adriansprints.com. Retrieved 31 July 2011.
    17. "Ramil GULIYEV | Profile". www.worldathletics.org.
    18. "China's Su Bingtian moving closer to men's 100m world record". www.xinhuanet.com.
    19. "Gemili runs his first sub-10 100m". BBC Sport.
    20. "Progression of 100 meters world record". ESPN. Associated Press. Retrieved 28 June 2011.
    21. "100 Metres Results" (PDF). IAAF. 16 August 2009. Archived from the original (PDF) on 23 August 2009. Retrieved 31 May 2011.
    22. 100 Metres All Time. IAAF (9 March 2009). Retrieved 6 May 2009. Archived 8 May 2009.
    23. Linthorne,N.(PHD)(1995)The 100m World Record by Florence Griffith Joyner at the 1988 U.S Olympic Trials. Report for the International Amateur Athletic Federation Department of Physics, University of Western Australia
    24. Records - Records by Event - 100 Metres. World Athletics. Retrieved 7 March 2021.
    25. "Toplists – All time Top lists – Senior Outdoor 100 Metres Men". World Athletics. Retrieved 5 June 2021.
    26. "All-time men's best 100m". alltime-athletics.com. 25 August 2019. Retrieved 29 August 2019.
    27. Layden, Tim (31 August 2009). "Bolt Strikes Twice". Sports Illustrated. Retrieved 5 December 2018.
    28. "Tyson Gay equals Usain Bolt's old world record with second fastest 100m". The Guardian. 20 September 2009. Retrieved 5 December 2018.
    29. Campigotto, Jesse (23 August 2012). "Yohan Blake becomes 3rd man to run 9.69". Canadian Broadcasting Corporation. Retrieved 5 December 2018.
    30. Ledsom, Mark (2 September 2008). "Powell equals second fastest 100 meters time". Reuters. Retrieved 5 December 2018.
    31. "Justin Gatlin runs fastest 100 meters in world this year". ESPN. 15 May 2015. Retrieved 5 December 2018.
    32. "100m Results" (PDF). IAAF. 28 September 2019. Retrieved 29 September 2019.
    33. "NACAC NEW LIFE INVITATIONAL Mens 100 Dash". halfmiletiming.com. Retrieved 5 June 2021.
    34. "Nesta Carter ties for fastest 100 of year". The Seattle Times. 29 August 2010. Retrieved 9 December 2018.
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      100 metres
      1. not awarded
      2. Ekaterini Thanou 11.12 and Tayna Lawrence 11.18
      3. Merlene Ottey 11.19
      The IOC did not initially decide to regrade the results, as silver medalist Ekaterini Thanou had herself been subsequently involved in a doping scandal in the run-up to the 2004 Summer Olympics. After two years of deliberation, in late 2009 the IOC decided to upgrade Lawrence and Ottey to silver and bronze respectively, and leave Thanou as a silver medallist, with the gold medal withheld.
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