Cefuroxime axetil

General

  • Type: 2nd generation cephalosporin
  • Dosage Forms:
  • Common Trade Names: Ceftin

Special Populations

  • Pregnancy Rating:
  • Lactation:
  • Renal Dosing
    • Adult
    • Pediatric
  • Hepatic Dosing
    • Adult
    • Pediatric

Contraindications

  • Allergy to class/drug

Adverse Reactions

Pharmacology

  • Half-life:
  • Metabolism:
  • Excretion:
  • Mechanism of Action:

Antibiotic Sensitivities[1]

Group Organism Sensitivity
Gram PositiveStrep. Group A, B, C, GS
Strep. PneumoniaeS
Viridans strepS
Strep. anginosus gpX1
Enterococcus faecalisR
Enterococcus faeciumX1
MSSAS
MRSAR
CA-MRSAR
Staph. EpidermidisI
C. jeikeiumR
L. monocytogenesR
Gram NegativesN. gonorrhoeaeI
N. meningitidisI
Moraxella catarrhalisS
H. influenzaeS
E. coliS
Klebsiella spS
E. coli/Klebsiella ESBL+R
E coli/Klebsiella KPC+R
Enterobacter sp, AmpC negR
Enterobacter sp, AmpC posR
Serratia spR
Serratia marcescensX1
Salmonella spX1
Shigella spX1
Proteus mirabilisS
Proteus vulgarisR
Providencia sp.S
Morganella sp.I
Citrobacter freundiiR
Citrobacter diversusX1
Citrobacter sp.I
Aeromonas spX1
Acinetobacter sp.R
Pseudomonas aeruginosaR
Burkholderia cepaciaR
Stenotrophomonas maltophiliaR
Yersinia enterocoliticaX1
Francisella tularensisX1
Brucella sp.X1
Legionella sp.R
Pasteurella multocidaX1
Haemophilus ducreyiX1
Vibrio vulnificusX1
MiscChlamydophila spX1
Mycoplasm pneumoniaeX1
Rickettsia spX1
Mycobacterium aviumX1
AnaerobesActinomycesX1
Bacteroides fragilisR
Prevotella melaninogenicaS
Clostridium difficileX1
Clostridium (not difficile)S
Fusobacterium necrophorumX1
Peptostreptococcus sp.S

Key

  • S susceptible/sensitive (usually)
  • I intermediate (variably susceptible/resistant)
  • R resistant (or not effective clinically)
  • S+ synergistic with cell wall antibiotics
  • U sensitive for UTI only (non systemic infection)
  • X1 no data
  • X2 active in vitro, but not used clinically
  • X3 active in vitro, but not clinically effective for Group A strep pharyngitis or infections due to E. faecalis
  • X4 active in vitro, but not clinically effective for strep pneumonia

References

  1. Sanford Guide to Antimicrobial Therapy 2014
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