Very simply put, no - this is not possible.
However in order to explain why this is the case it will be necessary to delve deeply into topics such as microphone design to a level that will probably exceed the constraints of this text box.
Suffice to say, acoustic microphones can be designed to work across a very wide range of frequencies however it should be understood that the capsule size has a direct relationship to the overall frequency response of the device at or around the point where the wavelength of the impacting sound approaches the physical size of the capsule.
It can be said that many microphones are designed to have as 'flat' a frequency response as possible and that it is easier to achieve a flat frequency response with an omnidirectional mic than it is with a directive pattern such as a cardioid mic. Mics that have a directional pattern such as a cardioid or super-cardioid pattern will exhibit a property known as proximity effect - which affects the lower frequencies of the spectral response - when the sound source becomes close to the capsule.
It must be said though that every type of microphone design is likely to have a different frequency response, which is dependent on capsule size, microphone design, directionality pattern and acoustic field. Many high-quality omnidirectional microphones will exhibit a flat or near-flat frequency response, however the response only tails off at the high end where the size of the capsule approaches the wavelength of the sound wave through the conductive membrane material that makes up the capsule.
Attempts to combine spaced microphones will result in comb-filtering at mid- to high-frequencies. There is no practical way to assign 'phases' of 'desired frequencies' to a particular microphone.