Could someone give an example of this pic?

0

enter image description here

This is a picture from Wiki(https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Quantum_logic_gate). Can someone give me a simple example by using two qubits?

enter image description here

WilliamYang

Posted 2020-04-12T01:21:55.047

Reputation: 65

1If you apply a unitary $F$ to the first qubit (q[0]), then your state would be the same as if you applied the conjugate transpose $F^\dagger$ to the second qubit (q[1]). Can you be more specific? – Mark S – 2020-04-12T02:05:26.383

could you please edit the title to something that reflects what is being asked? – glS – 2020-04-13T08:01:12.580

Answers

2

Since Fourier transform and inverse Fourier transform for one qubit is only Hadamard gate, for two qubit case following two circuits are equivalent.

First circuit (Fourier transform applied on qubit $q_0$)

Circuit 1

First circuit (inverse Fourier transform applied on qubit $q_1$)

Circuit 2

Both circuits return state

$$ |\psi\rangle = \frac{1}{2}(|00\rangle + |01\rangle + |10\rangle - |11\rangle). $$


EDIT: I have just realized that the gate $F$ is general unitary transformation and not the QFT (I was missleaded by F = Fourier). However, my example is also valid. It is a particular case for two qubits asked for in the question.

Martin Vesely

Posted 2020-04-12T01:21:55.047

Reputation: 7 763