In past years we have heard a lot about statehood of Palestine, and that got me wondering when a state actually becomes recognized. If you look at the Wikipedia entry for the State of Palestine it states that it is a “partially recognized state”. So why is it exactly that we (in the West at least) don’t consider Palestine a sovereign state? I have had a couple of thoughts on the matter, but couldn’t draw any real conclusions:
- It is not recognized by enough countries. I guess this could be a valid reason, although it is currently recognized by just over 70% of all nations, which seem pretty decent. In comparison, Israel itself is recognized by 83%, yet it’s sovereignty is never really questioned by the international community.
- It is not a full member of United Nations. This also seems to be an uncertain argument, since there have been plenty of non-member sovereign countries since the foundation of UN. Even today, Vatican has the same observer-status as Palestine, and it is considered a sovereign state.
- It is not recognized by the major players, mainly United States, Great Britain, etc. I suspect this might be the real reason, although I doubt it complies by any international law.
- Some combination of all of above.
PS. I realize that statehood of Palestine is a controversial subject, so please keep a civil and objective tone. This is a Q&A site, not a discussion board. I am not interested in your political views, merely the technical aspect of statehood of countries.
So to clarify, the question is not about Palestine in particular. I am merely using it as the most obvious example we have today.
PPS. Please correct me if I am using the wrong terminology here. Perhaps there should have made a better differentiation between sovereignty, independence and statehood.