On Feb. 1st 2020, Berlin become the largest city of the EU, with a population of approximately. 3,75 million inside the city limits.
Except that Paris is a much larger city by almost any other measure - with arguably up to 12 million people in the wider urban area, compared to only 4 million in the comparable area for Berlin.
This is as Paris draws its city limits really tightly compared to other European cities, with only 2,14 million residents inside the city limits.
There are some advantages to drawing the boundaries of cities fairly broadly - it allows an easy coordination of transportation policy, it ensures that most people who work in the city also live there (and vice-versa).
Whilst Paris/the French government is of course free to choose where it draws its city boundaries, I am interested in if there are historical/political reasons for this.
- Is there a reason why Paris is so much smaller geographically than other European cities?
- Is there any other political body which coordinates across the greater-Paris region? (like the GLA, or Berlin State government).
- Are there any plans/proposals for the defined region of Paris to expand out into the suburbs in the manner that Berlin (1920) and London (1965) have done?