What does Nietzsche refer to with the "backworldsmen"?

5

I'm a rookie to philosophical thinking but trying my best to understand the concepts. I'd be appreciated if you could enlighten me about this:
In Chapter 3 of Thus Spake Zarathustra, he is addressing to people who I understand from the "backworld". What is backworld and who are backworldsmen?

Thank you.

goodyonsen

Posted 2019-10-12T22:19:46.773

Reputation: 61

Hi, welcome to Phil.SE! This question was actually asked before on the English SE site. Also, as stated over there as well, a simple google search could've given you the answer. It is highly recommended to complete at least a short research before posting a question on the site.

– Yechiam Weiss – 2019-10-13T12:02:18.707

Hi, I'm sorry to upset you. My google search got me to the English SE. I wasn't satisfied with the answers there. I took the advice of Mr Moriseev there and decided to be a member here. Then I ran a search, no results with the keyword popped. So I asked the question. Thankfully Mr Klocking gave a much better and satisfactory answer than the ones I encountered other platforms, so the question served its aim just fine. I'm glad I asked it. Thanks. – goodyonsen – 2019-10-14T21:44:08.613

Answers

7

I answer with the authority of being a native German speaker and having graduated in philosophy ;)

Back-world is a bad translation here. Presumably, the translator has mistaken the term "Hinterweltler" as being a misspelling and semantically identical to the word "Hinterwäldler", which means backwoodsmen or hillbillies. The German original "Hinterwelt" literally means "behind-world" or "beyond-world", where a valid translation would be otherworld or, more philosophically, the sphere of the transcendental.

In the context of the chapter, it becomes clear that he is writing about those who adhere to and propagate the belief that there is some transcendental world beyond human life and body, a world of gods, souls, and spirits. He starts the chapter with the remark that Zarathustra himself once committed to this erroneous belief ("Gods work"). Thus, the term "Hinterweltler", here translated as "backworldsmen", is simply a neologism referring to people believing in a transcendental reality.

Philip Klöcking

Posted 2019-10-12T22:19:46.773

Reputation: 9 269

Thank you sir. Now I know it doesn't mean just "afterlife" but something like a "spiritual realm" in a broader sense. – goodyonsen – 2019-10-14T21:49:54.670