I notice that Asian here seemingly refers merely to Buddhism and Taoism.
Interestingly, Buddhism emerged in India, and in India there is a whole philosophical system in place, with 6 main schools, termed DARSHANAS.
The most popular one among them is VEDANTA, in which the Advaita Vedanta school, codified and given its current form by Sankara (8th century), resisted the then dominant Buddhism on many fronts.
Sankara's Advaita talks of a transcendent BEINGNESS (Brahman), that is also immanent in the individual soul as Atman, the true Self beyond the experiential self.
Identity with the Self, cannot be a rational process. Vedanta talks of Self-realisation, or becoming one with Atman and correspondingly with Brahman, as a state beyond rationality and the intellect. It is more like a peeling away of different layers of identity. These layers are false or limited identifications with body, mind, intellect, etc.
Hence the concept of neti, neti (not this, not this).
However, one important pre-supposition here is that the world of phenomena is essentially illusory, they term it as MAYA.
The nearer you approach the true self, by that much does illusion recede and in a flash, you see the world as it really is.
So while inaccessible to the normal state of mind, including the intellect, Brahman (all-pervasive Consciousness) bestows its vision or apprehension to the individual who is divested of false identities.
The world exists for the post-moderns, but its truth cannot be grasped. The truth exists for the Advaitin, but not as a part of this world, which is illusory, a web. Agreement from different parameters ?