Did Socrates believe all madness to be good?

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In "Phaedro", it seems that Socrates argues that love is a form of divine madness. He then claims that lots of divine things are committed by those who are "not in their right mind ". He also states that something is good if it is divine. Was Socrates then arguing that all forms of madness are good or only some forms of madness, and that only some forms of madness are divine, such as love? Would schizophrenia, for example, be considered divine and hence good by Socrates?

How did Socrates define what forms of madness are good and which aren't?

Charlie

Posted 2018-02-03T00:14:08.217

Reputation: 182

Answers

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No.

See Plato's Phaedrus:

Madness comes in two general forms: the diseased state of mental dysfunction, and a divergence from ordinary rationality that a god sometimes brings (see 265a–b). Divine madness in turn takes different forms: love, Dionysian frenzy, oracular prophecy, and poetic composition (244b–245a). In all four cases the possessed or inspired person (enthousiazôn: 241e, 249e, 253a, 263d) can accomplish what is impossible for someone in a sane state. All four cases are associated with particular deities and traditionally honored.

The madness of the Phaedrus is separated from ordinary madness as the Ion's version is not, and pointedly called a good derangement.

See Phaedrus, 244a-on.

Mauro ALLEGRANZA

Posted 2018-02-03T00:14:08.217

Reputation: 33 575

Thanks for clearing that up. Must have skimmed over it – Charlie – 2018-02-03T21:29:16.943

@Charlie - you are welcome. – Mauro ALLEGRANZA – 2018-02-04T10:17:51.557