How to automate x[i]→x_{i}?

8

I have several Mathematica expressions in which subscripts are expressed with square brackets. E.g. x[12] is meant to represent x12, etc. If I evaluate TeXForm on such an expression, x[12], e.g., gets converted to x(12). Is there a way to get it to produce the x_{12} form instead?

kjo

Posted 2013-01-12T21:53:26.393

Reputation: 11 163

The problem is then telling apart x[2] which is meant to be $x_2$ and f[x] or f[0] which are $f(x)$ or $f(0)$. – Szabolcs – 2013-01-12T23:10:09.330

Answers

15

Probably the easiest solution here is to use

Format[x[arg_],TraditionalForm]:=Subscript[x, arg]

This makes sure that the subscript form is used when the display is in TraditionalForm, which is also an intermediate step in creating TeXForm. Then you get for example

1+x[13]//TeXForm

$x_{13}+1$

The Format can't be specified directly for TeXForm because then expressions where your x[12] is surrounded by other things as in 1 + x[12] won't get translated correctly.

Jens

Posted 2013-01-12T21:53:26.393

Reputation: 93 191

Your answer suggests that Mathematica itself can render TeX. Can it? – kjo – 2013-01-12T22:29:35.697

2

To a certain extent you can render $\LaTeX$, but it's very incomplete. The general idea is to use something like TraditionalForm@ToExpression["\\sin\\alpha", TeXForm, HoldForm]. I discussed this in this answer

– Jens – 2013-01-12T22:50:51.787

2I just realized you may be looking for something simpler: when we say "render" $\LaTeX$, it could also mean to produce traditional-looking formulas from Mathematica standard form input. That is simply done by wrapping any such input in TraditionalForm[ ...]. You could say TraditionalForm is Mathematica's "pretty-print formula" typesetting mode. – Jens – 2013-01-13T00:12:54.263