What is the root meaning of the surname "Samovojska"?



I have seem alternative spellings of this name listed as

  • Samovojska
  • Samovojsky
  • Samovosky
  • Samosky

What is the origin or root meaning of this surname?

For reference, the Samosky variant has just a few examples in the US, mostly in the Ohio and Pennsylvania regions. The name may have originated in the US between 1890-1910.

In my case, it is research on a family name, where the roots trace to both

  • Croatia area (female descendent), and
  • Russian area (male descendent, surname in question)

The family language was Russian/Ukraine, but known to be living in Croatia area

New Alexandria

Posted 2012-11-13T22:14:21.660

Reputation: 151

1Welcome to the site. Are you able to give us general time and location references for the name(s) and variants? – GeneJ – 2012-11-13T22:33:24.920

@GeneJ how else can I present details? – New Alexandria – 2012-11-14T04:17:54.877

1Really interesting names. You have observed the variants in some context yourself; providing the references for the different variants would be helpful. For example, the first variant might have been found in the 19th century naturalization record of someone otherwise said born in country A or a passenger list of someone then traveling from A to B. Another variant might be referenced to a census report dated XXX from country C, or a parish record from place/country D. They might all be variants of just one persons name, given say in different census reports. – GeneJ – 2012-11-14T05:18:39.713

See also the same question and answer(s) from the Russian Language and Usage SE.

– Jeni – 2012-11-14T01:30:08.403



It's a Croatian name. Sam = Alone, Samo = Only, Vojska = Army. So there could be different interpretations: Lonely Soldier, Army of One, etc..

Rusty Erpenbeck

Posted 2012-11-13T22:14:21.660

Reputation: 3 576

Nice work, Rusty. Might you have a reference? – GeneJ – 2012-11-14T00:37:50.543

2simple Google translation {modern}. Got Croation origin from searching passenger lists. – Rusty Erpenbeck – 2012-11-14T00:58:35.913

Nice approach, too. – GeneJ – 2012-11-14T01:00:02.800

1It could also be a Russian name (the roots are similar); more information on the source/geographic location would make it easier to know. – Gene Golovchinsky – 2012-11-14T02:41:20.547

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Europe-Croatia.svg – Ezri Rediker – 2012-11-15T10:52:18.983

@GeneGolovchinsky I had added to the question that both Croatia and Russian areas are related. More Russian – New Alexandria – 2013-04-30T20:54:58.440


What @Rusty says is true.

Samovojska is only an army, and we are from Croatia.

The first was being a Samovojski, because that is a plural.

In 1898 somebody made the change to Samovojska (singular) army.

The surname have connection from the age of the Ottoman Empire , when the Turkey/ Ottoman army attacked Europe, and Croatian soldiers defended Europe.

In the part of Croatian land behind the military border with the Ottoman Empire, lives soldiers, only army.

We now live in capital town of Croatia, Zagreb, and town Karlovac where there was previously a big fortress in the military border.

In the history we have a red and white Croatia , and that is today Croatia and Poland, because that we have a national features with red/white little cube, and we don’t have any of connections with Russians.

Croatians and Poles are Catholics and Russians are Orthodox.


Posted 2012-11-13T22:14:21.660

Reputation: 19

Hi and welcome to Genealogy.SE. Please add sources to your claims so that others can verify them. – lejonet – 2014-07-20T16:18:44.677