In a comment on Meaning of term Sojourner on 1794 Marriage Record at Marystow (Devon) for John Creber? @ColeValleyGirl alerted me to the existence of a Settlement Examination for a John Creber at Marystow who seemed likely to be my 4th great grandfather. There appear to have been two men named John Creber living in Marystow at that time:
- John Creber baptised 29 Dec 1766 as the son of John and Mary http://genuki.cs.ncl.ac.uk/DEV/Marystowe/MarystoweBaptisms1717.html
- John Creber baptised 9 Mar 1773 as the son of Richard and Mary from Milton Abbot http://genuki.cs.ncl.ac.uk/DEV/Marystowe/MarystoweBaptisms1717.html
The two John Crebers appear to be 1st cousins.
Yesterday, FindMyPast released an image of the examination document which I have transcribed below:
Hundred of Lifton in DEVON
THE Examination of John Creber an Inmate in the Parish of Marystow in the said Hundred of Lifton taken on Oath this Twentieth day of January in the Year 1801 before us Arthur Kelly and John Cudlipp Esq. two of his Majesty’s Justices of the Peace for the said County, acting in and for the said Hundred touching the place of his last legal Settlement.
WHO SAITH, that about the Year 1788, he lived a Covenant Servant with one John Lang of the Parish of Milton abbot in the said County and received his Wages, he then went to the Parish of Marystow and lived with his Father Richard Creber for five years for his Meat, Drink, Washing and Lodging and has done nothing to gain a Settlement since.
John Creber [signature]
Sworn at Lifton this 20th Day of January 1801 before us ___
Arthur Kelly [signature]
Jno Cudlipp [signature]
I am confident that this examination is of my 4th great grandfather, and not his cousin because the signature on the Examination:
appears to match the signature on the record of his marriage to Harriet Palmer on 9 Jun 1794 at Marystow (when he was described as a Sojourner in the parish):
The way I am interpreting this new and revisited evidence is that John was born to Richard and Mary either at Milton Abbot, or at Marystow, but either way their parish of settlement was Milton Abbot. It is unclear where John lived between 1773 and 1787, but in about 1788 he was working as a Covenant Servant for John Lang at Milton Abbot, and soon after that he returned/moved to live at Marystow. I think this settlement examination is his acknowledgement that he has no right to settlement in Marystow.
For settlement examination documents like this one would there normally be any follow up documentation expected that might clarify where John lived prior to 1788, what a Covenant Servant was, and why that was an important statement to include at the beginning of this document?