Technically, yes it's possible to do this. Practically, doing this would probably break everyone's trust in Bitcoin.
One of Bitcoin's principle guarantees is that nobody can confiscate anyone else's bitcoins through the Bitcoin protocol. This protects all of us, but it also means that we're each responsible for keeping our private keys secure. If we fail to do that and someone---like a hacker or government agent---steals our private keys, then they also get the benefit of Bitcoin's confiscation resistance.
If we weaken this guarantee even once to confiscate bitcoins from the person or group we like the least, then it becomes clear that Bitcoins aren't secured by math, they're secured (or not) by the same sort of social guarantees that secure bank deposits.
If you or anyone else personally wants to prevent your bitcoins from falling into the wrong hands, you can use simple encryption software or Bitcoin multisig to try to prevent anyone from getting your private keys. Doing this in a way that is secure against rubber-hose cryptanalysis is hard, but better tools for it may become available over time.
Using locktime transactions or the upcoming OP_CLTV opcode, you can even voluntarily choose to give your bitcoins to future miners if you have to delete your keys to prevent an attacker from seizing them.