How important is it to move the printer's controller board outside of an enclosure?

1

I am building an enclosure for an Ender 3 Pro printer, and am planning on the power supply and LCD unit being outside the enclosure. How important is it to move the printer controller (where the SD card is inserted) outside the enclosure? Would leaving it in place affect its longevity?

Answers to the first round of comments/questions:

  • I expect to be primarily printing in the 200C-270C range.
  • I'm not worried about losing heat from opening the doors - I'll be putting the SD card in prior to initiating printing.
  • I'm thinking the stepper motors are somewhat of a moot point, there's no way I could move them outside of the enclosure.
  • My printer is all stock.

Mike Hedman

Posted 2020-08-04T14:06:28.320

Reputation: 111

What will the temp inside the enclosure be? Is that safe for your board? Will opening the enclosure to load the SD card release your warm air? – Davo – 2020-08-04T17:05:01.143

It's not just a question of lifetime of the board, but whether the high temps might cause failed prints due to stepper drivers shutting down from overheating or other similar issues. – R.. GitHub STOP HELPING ICE – 2020-08-04T17:54:18.980

Also depends on the drivers used - how much heat the drivers will add. Still using the stock board? – towe – 2020-08-04T20:03:04.983

Answers

1

It depends on what kinds of prints you make, and especially what kind of materials you want to use.

Certain materials (ABS especially, but also PETG to some degree) will print much better if the entire build area, which usually includes the printer chassis and controls, is enclosed to protect from drafts and allow a much higher ambient temperature.

If you print often with these materials, and the control board is included in that enclosed area, you will significantly reduce the life of the electronic components, especially the capacitors on the board1.

On the other hand, if you print mainly with PLA, which is not as susceptible to issues requiring an enclosure, and prints better with an ambient temperature closer to room temperature, you can put the electronic controls wherever you want.


1 See especially this excerpt from the section on "Premature Failure":

Electrolytic capacitors that operate at a lower temperature can have a considerably longer lifespan.

Joel Coehoorn

Posted 2020-08-04T14:06:28.320

Reputation: 1 742

0

This guy placed the whole Ender in a 100C environment but he emphasises how important it is to leave the electronics cool:

FarO

Posted 2020-08-04T14:06:28.320

Reputation: 2 532