< Radiation astronomy < Minerals
This is a hematite rose from the mineral collection of the Senckenberg Museum in Frankfurt, Germany. Credit: Katharina Surhoff.

Mineral astronomy is a lecture about minerals that occur in, on, around and between astronomical objects. It is a stand-alone lecture as part of the radiation astronomy department.

You are free to take this quiz based on mineral astronomy at any time.

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Quiz







  

1

Which chemical phenomena are associated with the Earth?

quartz is the second most abundant mineral
an atmosphere containing CO2
green, red, blue, and yellow airglow
the production and escape of hot H+ ions
oxygen emissions
helium ions

2

Submillimeter radiances can be matched by models which include ice particles of?

3

With respect to protoplanetary disks what green mineral has been found?

4

True or False, There are green or green mineral containing meteorites.

TRUE
FALSE

5

Complete the text:

"In the green, the

of the pure

composition qualitatively appears a better

to the shape of the observed polarization curves."

6

Observations of Io have benefitted greatly from what phenomenon?

a dense, opaque atmosphere
lightning
extensive meteorite cratering
a flattening out
liquid hydrocarbon lakes
the reflected light of allotropes and compounds of sulfur

7

True or False, The silicates used to model the cometary coma dust are olivene (Mg-rich is green) and the pyroxene, asbestos.

TRUE
FALSE

8

Moldavite is a mineral that may be associated with what green astronomy phenomenon?

predicting the end of the Earth
determine the accuracy of local computers
meteorite impacts
demonstrating that Venus was once a comet
predict when currently dormant volcanoes will erupt
green fireballs

9

Which of the following are associated with greenstone belts?

metamorphosed mafic sequences
ultramafic volcanic sequences
Archaean and Proterozoic cratons
chlorite
Humphreys series
Rydberg series
green hue of metamorphic minerals

10

True or False, A plume of water ice particles emanating from Enceladus is reaching altitudes as high as 400 km above the surface.

TRUE
FALSE

11

A terrestrial planet is composed primarily of?

12

True or False, Olivine is a silicate mineral that may be detected in cometary coma dust with green astronomy.

TRUE
FALSE

13

Azurite is a natural pigment composed of what likely source of blue?

14

True or False, The XRS aboard the MESSENGER spacecraft maps mineral composition.

TRUE
FALSE

15

Complete the text:

At its effective temperature of 1250 K, the atmosphere of the extrasolar planet 51 Pegasus B has clouds composed of

and

.

16

True or False, There are blue or blue mineral containing meteorites.

TRUE
FALSE

17

Soil samples from the mare of the Moon reflect primarily cyan due to the presence in the soils of what?

18

True or False, There are red or red mineral containing meteorites.

TRUE
FALSE

19

Phenomena associated with some meteorites?

have a gaseous surface
long nickel-iron crystals
octahedrite
kamacite
taenite
plessite

20

True or False, There are violet or violet mineral containing meteorites.

TRUE
FALSE

21

Purpurite is a natural mineral pigment composed of what likely source of violet or purple?

22

True or False, There are cyan or cyan mineral containing meteors or meteorites.

TRUE
FALSE

23

Tarapacaite is a natural mineral pigment composed of what likely source of yellow?

24

True or False, There are yellow or yellow mineral containing meteorites.

TRUE
FALSE

25

Red ochre is a natural pigment composed of what likely source of red?

26

True or False, There are orange or orange mineral containing meteorites.

TRUE
FALSE

27

Which of the following is involved in planetary astronomy more so than planetary science?

the occurrence of cyan rock types on the surface of rocky objects
the Earth and other rocky objects have a cyan mineral containing mantle
checking equations about complex systems
the advantages of a 490 nm band pass
digging holes in the surface of the Moon
surface temperatures low enough to produce methane lakes

28

True or False, The planet Saturn exhibits a pale yellow hue due to ammonia crystals in its upper atmosphere.

TRUE
FALSE

29

Silicates occur as part of the rocky surface beneath a visually opaque cloud layer on what planet?

30

Orpiment is a natural mineral pigment composed of what likely source of orange?

31

True or False, Optical reflectance studies of Mercury provide evidence for Mg silicates.

TRUE
FALSE

32

Which of the following are radiation astronomy phenomena associated with the apparent liquid-object Earth?

rain
snow
hail
neutron emission
polar coronal holes
meteor emission
rotation

33

True or False, Water ice has been detected on the surface of an asteroid.

TRUE
FALSE

34

Which of the following is not a radiation phenomenon associated with a crater?

strata
elongated dust particles
high albedo
olivine
Rayleighs
volcanoes

35

True or False, There are submillimeter or submillimeter mineral containing meteorites.

TRUE
FALSE

36

Which of the following is not a radiation phenomenon associated with a planet?

airglow
elongated dust particles
high albedo
olivine
Rayleighs
coronal mass ejection

37

True or False, Hematite occurs as a blue to bluish-gray mineral on Mars.

TRUE
FALSE

38

Why is much of the surface of Mars covered with red iron oxide dust when the rocks that compose much of its surface are blue or violet?

Mars has been systematically bombarded with small iron-nickel meteorites or micrometeorites that oxidize in its atmosphere
Mars has been frequently bombarded with hematite containing micrometeorites
asteroid impacts on Mars may have forced iron from near its core into the atmosphere and onto the surface as hematite dust that oxidized
Mars is like Earth in surface hematite composition, but Earth has much more water
precipitation from iron-rich water

39

Yes or No, Neutron spectroscopy has detected hydrogen and thereby water on the Moon.

Yes
No

40

Which geochemical phenomena are associated with Earth?

weathering
lightning
calcium carbonate deposition in the oceans
uranium ions in its oceans
liquid methane oceans
silicate minerals

Hypotheses

  1. Most of the colorful minerals found on Earth do not seem to occur anywhere else.

See also

{{Radiation astronomy resources}}

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