Devnagrī

Devânagârî si yek abugida Lekhipen labyardo te lekhavel, korkoro vay le avere lekhimatensa, Chiba andar o Indikano Subbarodvip sar Sanskritikani, Hindi, Marathi, Kashmiri, Sindhi, Romani, Bihari, Bhili, Konkani, Bhojpuri, Nepali.

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I devânagârî sas kerdini ando 12-to shelbersh andar o lekhipen Siddham. Pe sanskritikani, nagârî' si i juvlikani forma andar nâgara (forutno). Si juvlikani andar kodya so pasharel i juvlikani navni lipi (lekhipen) , tay devâ si "devel": devânagârî lipi - "forutno lekhipen le devlenge".

Sar lekhavel pe

Pe devânagâri lekhipen si 12 svâra (vokalurya) tay 34 vyânjâna (konsonanturya).

Vyânjâna

O devânagârî lekhipen si yek abugida lekhipen andar kodya so sa le vyânjâna kana si korkore si len o Svâr. Sar misalyake, o grafem "प" si "pâ". Te avel "p" trebul te labyardyovel o viram "्" so sikavel ke "â" perel: "प्" si "p".

O viram nay labyardo te sikavel ke "â" perel kana duy vay buteder vyânjâna si yek palal avreste, bisvârenge mashkar lenge. Atunch, le pasharde vyânjâna phanden pen, kerindoy yek phandipen. Sar misalyake, "k" lekhavdyovel korkoro sar "क्" tay "l" si korkoro "ल्". yek palal avreste si "क्ल्". Kathe o "क्" xasardyas E chachi rig. Numa o paluno vyânjân achhel bichhindo, sar misalyake trin vyânjâna yek palal avreste: "ख्स्त" si "khst" tay korkore si "ख", "स", "त". Si buteder regule te keren pen le vyânjânenge phandipena. Acharutnes, kana varekon lekhavel pe kompyuter dosta te thol o viram/विराम "्" mashkar lende te keren pen le phandipena Avtomatikanes. Sar misalyake, kerindoy klik "ग" + "्" + "ल" avel "ग्ल".

Tele si le vyânjâna andar o devânagârî lekhipen.

Le vyânjâna
GrafemLatinikanesIPA
khâkhə
ɡə
ghâ ɡɦə
ngâ,ǎŋə
châtʃə
chhâ tʃhə
dʒə
jhâdʒɦə
nyâ, ñâɲə
ttâ, ǎʈə
tthâ, ʈhə
ddâ, âɖ / ɽə
ddhâ, ɖɦ / ɽɦə
nnâ, âɳə
t̪ə
thâ t̪hə
d̪ə
dhâd̪ɦə
n̪ə
phâphə
bhâbɦə
ɾə
llâ, ǎ ɭə
shâ, śǎɕə
ssâ, âʂə


Kadale si le vyânjâna so sas ko shirdipen. Kana neve shunipena labyardyoven pe chib, neve grafema keren pen andar le purane. O semno "़" (nukta/नुक़ता) thol pes po grafem so shunel pes may pasharno.

Neve vyânjâna
Grafem Latinikanes IPA
क़ q /qə/
फ़ f /fə/
ख़ x, khh /xə/
ग़ ghh /ɣə/
ज़ z /zə/
श़ zh /ʐ/
ड़ <ni ekh> /ɽə/
ढ़ <ni ekh> /ɽʱə/

Svâra

Sa le svâren, avryal "â", si len duy forme: yek kana si korkoro, ko shirdipen le lavengo vay palal aver svâr tay aver forma palal yek vyânjân. Sar misalyake, "o" korkoro si "ओ" tay palal vyânjân si "ो", s.m. "पो" = "po". Numa le svâreske "â", chi trebul te labyarel ni yek grafema te lekhavel les palal yek vyânjân: "प" si "pâ".

Tele si sa le svâre: anglunes si i forma kana o svâr si korkoro tay o duyto si i forma palal yek vyânjân (kathe, sar misalyake, "प्"-"p"):


Le svâra
SemnoSemno le svâresko palal <p>LatinikanesIPA
(ni ekh) aə
aaɑ
ि iɪ
iii
uʊ
uuu
svǎr rrɪ ([r̩]) andi Sanskrit)
svǎr rrrɪ ([rː̩]) andi Sanskrit)
svǎr l ([l̩]) andi Sanskrit)
svǎr ll (lː̩]) andi Sanskrit)
candra e
xarno ee
ee(ː)
aiɛ ([ai]) andi Sanskrit)
candra o
xarno oo
oo(ː)
auɔ ([au] andi Sanskrit)

Ǎkshǎr

Yek ǎkshǎr si yek yekhipen grafemengo so kerdivel andar zero vay yek vyǎnjǎna tay yek vay buteder svǎra. Ǎkshǎrenge misala:

  • "आ" - numa yek svǎr (zero vyǎnjǎna);
  • "ओइ" - buteder svǎra (zero vyǎnjǎna);
  • "सो" - yek vyǎnjǎn tay yek svǎr;
  • "काइ" - yek vyǎnjǎn tay buteder svǎra.

Aver simboluya

Aver simbolurya so keren ververimata
Simbolo le <p>-esaUnicode navLabyaripenIPA
viramaNavyardo vi halant; chhinel o svǎr ǎ.[p]
candra-binduNakhalisarel o svǎr[pə̃]
anusvaraNakhalisarel o svǎr[pə̃]
visargaDel respiraciya bishunipnaski palal o svǎr[pəh] / [pəə̥]
nuktaLabyardo te sikavel neve shunimata (sar misalake, ph + nukta = f)
avagrahaLabyardo te lunjisarel o svǎr[pə:]

Gina

Devanagari gina
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Vi dikh

  • Romano lekhipen
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