Shennaghys ny h-oaylleeaght as ny çhaghnoaylleeaght

She magher jeh shennaghys eh shennaghys ny h-oaylleeaght as ny çhaghnoaylleeaght (SOÇ) ta scrutaghey caghlaa toiggaltys deiney jeh'n theihll najooragh (oaylleeaght) as jeh'n jargaght ec deiney eh dy stiurey (çhaghnoaylleeaght) harrish ny milley-vleeantyn. Ta'n magher acadoil shen jannoo studeyrys er eiyrtyssyn cultooragh, tarmaynagh, as politickagh jeh noaidyn oaylleeagh.

Va shennaghyssyn ny h-oaylleeaght screeut sheese dy bunneydagh liorish oaylleeyn obbree as aa-oaylleeyn, as ny shennaghyssyn shen er nyn doshiaght ec William Whewell, myr saase dys mieyssyn ny h-oaylleeaght dy insh da'n phobble cadjin. Ayns ny 1930yn leah, lurg papyr ard-ghooagh v'er ny chur magh ec y screeudeyr shennaghys Soveidjagh Boris Hessen, va SOÇ cruinnit dy cho-chruinnaghey er saaseyn va cleeantaghtyn oaylleeagh cochaarjagh marish ymmyrçhee as greesaghtyn jeh'n cho-heks oc. Lurg y Nah Chaggey Dowanagh, va ram saaseyn currit stiagh ayns ynsagh as ronsaghey y vagher, as v'ee yn treisht ayn na lhiggey da'n phobble toiggaltaght ny share dy chur er yn oaylleeaght as y çhaghnoaylleeaght er y fa dy row paart ard-cheimagh aasoil oc 'sy theihll. Ayns ny 1960yn, ayns eiyrtys jeh'n obbyr va jeant ec Thomas Kuhn er lheh, va currym noa ry-akin 'sy vagher. Hoshee er dy ve ymmydit myr saase dys y treealys oaylleeagh dy scrutaghey dy contoyrtagh. Ec y traa t'ayn nish t'eh çheughit dy mennick lesh magher ny studeyryssyn oaylleeagh.

Va oaylleeaght maddaghtoil as jeshaghteyrys fishigagh myr ta toiggit jiu crooit car y çhyndaa oaylleeagh, ga va'n chooid smoo jeh'n vaddaght as yn oaylleeaght bunnit er obbyr ny Greagee, ny h-Egyptee, ny Mesopotamee, ny Sheenee, ny h-Injey as ny h-Islamee. Jeeagh er ny h-ard-artyn Shennaghys ny h-oaylleeaght as Shennaghys ny çhaghnoaylleeaght son tooilley fys er ny bun-chooishyn shen.

Screeudeyryn shennaghys ard-ghooagh y vagher

  • Garland Allen
  • Wiebe Bijker
  • Peter J. Bowler
  • Janet Browne
  • James Burke
  • Edwin Arthur Burtt
  • Johann Beckmann
  • Jim Bennett
  • Herbert Butterfield (1900–1979)
  • Martin Campbell-Kelly
  • Georges Canguilhem
  • Allan Chapman
  • I. Bernard Cohen (1914–2003)
  • A. C. Crombie (1915–1996)
  • Peter Dear
  • E. J. Dijksterhuis
  • Pierre Duhem
  • A. Hunter Dupree
  • George Dyson
  • Jacques Ellul
  • Eugene S. Ferguson
  • Peter Galison
  • Sigfried Giedion
  • Charles Coulston Gillispie
  • Robert Gunther (1869–1940)
  • Paul Forman
  • Donna Haraway
  • Peter Harrison
  • Ahmad Y Hassan
  • John L. Heilbron
  • Reijer Hooykaas
  • Thomas P. Hughes
  • Evelyn Fox Keller
  • Daniel Kevles
  • Robert Kohler
  • Alexandre Koyré
  • Melvin Kranzberg
  • Thomas Kuhn
  • Bruno Latour
  • Simon Lavington
  • David C. Lindberg
  • G. E. R. Lloyd
  • Anneliese Maier
  • Leo Marx
  • Lewis Mumford
  • Otto Neugebauer (1899–1990)
  • William R. Newman
  • Ronald Numbers
  • David Nye
  • Abraham Pais (1918–2000)
  • Trevor Pinch
  • Theodore Porter
  • Lawrence M. Principe
  • Raul Rojas
  • Michael Ruse
  • A. I. Sabra
  • Jan Sapp
  • George Sarton
  • Simon Schaffer
  • Howard Segel
  • Steven Shapin
  • Wolfgang Schivelbusch
  • Charles Singer
  • Merritt Roe Smith
  • Stephen Snobelen
  • John Staudenmaier
  • M. Norton Wise
  • Frances A. Yates


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