This article is about the city. For the county, see Taipei County.
Taipei City (臺北市)
The entrance gate to the Chiang Kai-shek Memorial Hall
The entrance gate to the Chiang Kai-shek Memorial Hall
Official flag of Taipei City
Official seal of Taipei City
Flag Seal
Nickname: "the City of Azaleas (杜鵑花之城)"
Country Republic of China
Region Northern Taiwan
Capital Xinyi Dist (信義區)
Mayor Hau Lung-bin
 - City 271.80 km²  (104.9 sq mi)
 - Water 2.7 km² (1.0 sq mi)  1.0%
 - City (July 2006) 2,625,757
 - Density 9660.6/km² (25,031/sq mi)
  Population Ranked 2 of 25
Time zone CST (UTC+8)
The city has 12 districts.
City Flower: Azalea (Rhododendron nudiflorum)
City Tree: Banyan (India laurel fig or Ficus microcarpaBanyan)
City Bird: Formosan Blue Magpie (Urocissa caerulea)

Taipei City (Traditional Chinese: 臺北市; Simplified Chinese: 台北市; Hanyu Pinyin: Táiběi Shì; Tongyong Pinyin: Táiběi Shìh; Taiwanese: Tâi-pak-chhī) is the provisional capital of the Republic of China. It is Republic of China's center of politics, commercial, mass media, education, and pop culture, and today also is widely considered to be one of the "Gamma world cities".

The City of Taipei, Taipei County surrounding it, and nearby Keelung City form Taipei metropolitan area but are administered under different local government bodies. Taipei City is a special municipality administered directly under the ROC central government, while Taipei County and Keelung City are administered as part of Taiwan Province. Therefore, although Taipei is used to refer the whole metropolitan area, Taipei City specifically means the city proper only.

According to the census data collected in July 2006, the total population in Taipei City (excluding Taipei County) is 2,625,757. The major industries in the city include electrical and electronic equipment, textiles, metals, ship-building, and motorcycles.



Administrative divisions

Taipei City administers twelve districts (區):

Hanyu Pinyin Chinese characters (Hanzi) Wade-Giles
Sōngshān 松山區 Sung-shan
Xìnyì 信義區 Hsin-yi
Dà'ān 大安區 Ta-an
Zhōngshān 中山區 Chung-shan
Zhōngzhèng 中正區 Chung-cheng
Dàtóng 大同區 Ta-t'ung
Wànhuá 萬華區 Wan-hua
Wénshān 文山區 Wen-shan
Nángǎng 南港區 Nan-kang
Nèihú 內湖區 Nei-hu
Shìlín 士林區 Shih-lin
Běitóu 北投區 Pei-t'ou


Taipei City is located in the Taipei Basin (台北盆地) in northern Taiwan and is bordered on the south by the Xindian River (新店溪), and the Tamsui River (淡水河) on the west. The northern districts of Shilin and Beitou extend north of the Keelung River (基隆河) and are bordered by Yangmingshan National Park (陽明山國家公園).

Because of its location in a valley, the city commonly experiences high temperatures and humidity during the summer months, a problem enhanced by the high population density and the use of air conditioning. The climate is subtropical.

The area covered by the Taipei City limit is ranked 16 of 25 of all counties and cities in Taiwan.



The region known as the Taipei basin was home to Ketagalan tribes before the 18th century. Han Chinese began to settle in the Taipei Basin in 1709.

In the late 19th century, the Taipei area, where the major Han settlements in northern Taiwan and one of the designated foreign trade port, Tamsui, were located, gained economic importance due to the boosting foreign trade, especially that of tea exportation. In 1875, the northern part of Taiwan was separated from Taiwan Prefecture (臺灣府) and incorporated into the new Taipei Prefecture (臺北府). Having been established adjoining the flourishing townships of Bangkah and Twatutia, the new prefectural capital was known as Chengnei (城內), "the inner city", and government buildings were erected there. From 1875 (during the Qing Dynasty) until the beginning of Japanese rule in 1895, Taipei was part of Danshui County (淡水縣) of Taipei Prefecture and the prefectural capital. Taipei remained a temporary provincial capital before it officially became the capital of Taiwan in 1894.

As settlement for losing the Sino-Japanese War, China ceded the entire island of Taiwan to Japan in 1895. After the Japanese take-over, Taipei, called Taihoku in Japanese, emerged as the political center of the Japanese Colonial Government. Much of the architecture of Taipei dates from the period of Japanese rule, including the Presidential Building which was the Office of the Taiwan Governor-General (台灣總督府).

During the Japanese rule, Taihoku was incorporated in 1920 as part of Taihoku Prefecture (台北州). It included Bangka, Dadaocheng, and Chengnei among other small settlements. The eastern village Matsuyama (松山庄) was annexed into Taihoku City in 1938. Upon the Japanese defeat in the Pacific War and its consequent surrender in August 1945, Taiwan was taken over by Chinese troops. Subsequently, a temporary Office of the Taiwan Province Administrative Governor (臺灣省行政長官公署) was established in Taipei City.

On December 7 1949, the Kuomintang government under Chiang Kai-shek established Taipei as the provisional capital of the ROC after the Communists forced them to flee mainland China. Taipei was also the capital of Taiwan Province (臺灣省) until the 1960s when the provincial administration was moved to Chunghsing Village (中興新村) in central Taiwan. (The PRC does not recognize this move and still regards Taipei as the provincial capital of Taiwan.)

As approved on December 30, 1966 by Executive Yuan, Taipei became a centrally administered municipality on July 1, 1967. In the following year, Taipei City expanded again by annexing Shilin, Beitou, Neihu, Nangang, Jingmei, and Muzha. In 1990, 16 districts in Taipei City were consolidated into the current 12 districts.


Government and politics

Taipei 101, the world's tallest building (509 m) since its completion in 2004
Taipei 101, the world's tallest building (509 m) since its completion in 2004
Seal of the municipal government of Taipei.
Seal of the municipal government of Taipei.

The current mayor of Taipei City is Hau Lung-bin who won the 2006 mayoral election on December 9, 2006.

The mayor of Taipei City had been an appointed position since Taipei's conversion to a centrally-administered municipality in 1967 until the first public election was held in 1994. The position is of a four-year term. The first elected mayor was Chen Shui-bian (陳水扁) of Democratic Progressive Party (民主進步黨; DPP), who is currently the president of Republic of China. Ma Ying-Jeou took the office in 1998 for two terms, before handing over to Hau Lung-bin.

Based on the outcomes of previous elections in the past decade, the vote of the overall constituency of Taipei City shows a slight inclination towards the pro-KMT camp (the so-called "Blue" camp); however, the supporters of the pro-DPP camp (the so-called "Green" camp) also represent a considerable section of the constituency.

As the city that hosts the presidential office, the central legislature, and other major administrations, Taipei is intermittently tormented with the frequent occurrence of large-scale political campaigns and fortuitous clashes between supporters of different camps. The mass movement and consequent disorder on Ketagalan Boulevard in front of the presidential office building after the 2004 presidential election is a representative instance that reflects such a political tension.


See also:

Republic of China municipal elections, 2006


Festivities and events

There are many yearly festivals that commonly are held in Taipei including the Lantern Festival and Double Tenth Day. A common location for festivities in Taipei is the square in front of the Chiang Kai-shek Memorial Hall. Recently, some of the major festivals normally held in Taipei (specifically, the Double Tenth Day fireworks) have been moved to others cities in Taiwan.



See also: Education in the Republic of China and List of universities in Taiwan
Main campus of National Taiwan University
Main campus of National Taiwan University


Taipei currently has eighteen universities:



In addition, there are six colleges:


Chinese Language schools

Major Chinese Language schools:







All scheduled international flights are served by Taiwan Taoyuan International Airport in nearby Taoyuan County. Songshan Airport at the heart of the city serves mostly domestic flights, with the exception of some charter flights.

The Taipei Main Station , located in the Zhongzheng District in Downtown Taipei.
The Taipei Main Station , located in the Zhongzheng District in Downtown Taipei.

Taipei's public transport system MRT (Mass Rapid Transit), now also known as Metro Taipei, incorporates a light rail system based on VAL technology with its conventional metro. Both are currently undergoing significant expansion. Unlike most rail transport in Taiwan which follow the Japanese practice and have trains running on the left, the Taipei public transport system runs its trains on the right.

Taipei Main Station is the largest Taiwanese railway station and also functions as the nexus for the MRT system.

An extensive city bus system runs throughout the city to serve areas not covered by the MRT system. Sometimes buses require payment upon boarding, sometimes upon exiting. Many routes, due to their length, could require payment upon both boarding and exiting. Riders of the city MRT system are able to use their MRT passes on buses, making the bus system effectively an extension of the MRT system. The pass, known as an Easy Card, contain credits that are deducted each time a ride is taken. The Easy Card, Taipei's equivalent to Hong Kong's Octopus Card, is extremely convenient since it is read via proximity sensory panels on buses and in MRT stations, thus eliminating the need for the passenger to remove the card from his or her wallet or purse.

A quintessential form of transportation in Taipei (and much of Taiwan) is the ubiquitous motor-scooter, somewhat analogous to the motorcycles found in other industrialized nations. However, motor-scooters are not subject to all conventional traffic laws, and generally thread between cars and occasionally through oncoming traffic. A loophole in Taipei's motor vehicle laws ensures that in any accident between a motor-scooter and another vehicle, the other vehicle is at fault. For these reasons, scooters are perhaps the most convenient way for locals to navigate through their city.



While Taipei is not a major tourist destination and is visited principally by business travelers, there are a number of attractions for the visitor within Taipei City:

The Longshan Temple , an example of architecture with southern Chinese influences commonly seen in older buildings in Taiwan.
The Longshan Temple , an example of architecture with southern Chinese influences commonly seen in older buildings in Taiwan.

The suburbs of Taipei City (in Taipei County)


Pronunciation note

The spelling Taipei derives from the Wade-Giles romanization T'ai-pei, in which "p" is pronounced like the English "p" in the word "spay" (the unaspirated "p" may sound like a "b" to the layman).

Both Hanyu Pinyin, which is used both in the PRC and is mandated by KMT Taipei City government, and Tongyong Pinyin, which is mandated by the DPP central government, reflect this pronunciation, romanizing Taipei as Taibei, a spelling that is closer to the Mandarin pronunciation. However, this romanization is very rarely seen.

Though Taipei City has converted many of its street signs to Hanyu Pinyin, it has retained the original spelling of "Taipei" as an exception since this form has been well-known and heavily used.


Sister cities and regions relationships

The following places are sister cities to Taipei City:

The large number of sister cities, possibly the most of any city, may be due to the Republic of China's lack of formal diplomatic relations with most states in the world, necessitating international relations to be performed at the municipal level.




See also


External links

Preceded by:
Capital of the Republic of China
Succeeded by:
present capital

Districts of Taipei

Songshan | Xinyi | Daan | Zhongshan | Zhongzheng | Datong | Wanhua | Wenshan | Nangang | Neihu | Shilin | Beitou

Administrative divisions of the Republic of China Flag of the Republic of China
Provinces (streamlined): Taiwan Province | Fuchien Province
Central Municipalities: Kaohsiung City | Taipei City
Counties (Taiwan Province): Changhua County | Chiayi County | Hsinchu County | Hualien County | Kaohsiung County | Miaoli County | Nantou County | Penghu County | Pingtung County | Taichung County | Tainan County | Taipei County | Taitung County | Taoyuan County | Yilan County | Yunlin County
Counties (Fuchien Province): Kinmen County | Lienchiang County
Provincial Cities (Taiwan Province): Chiayi City | Hsinchu City | Keelung City | Taichung City | Tainan City
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