List of sovereign states

This is an alphabetical list of the sovereign states of the world, including both de jure and de facto independent states.

Contents: Criteria for inclusion - List of states: A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z - Notes - Other listings

Criteria for inclusion

This list derives its definition of a sovereign state from Article 1 of the Montevideo Convention from 1933. According to the Convention, a sovereign state should possess the following qualifications: (a) a permanent population, (b) a defined territory, (c) government, and (d) capacity to enter into relations with the other states. The list includes all states that satisfy these criteria and claim independence.

The notes include information on:

The names are given in English and in the official language(s) of the state.

The listing of any name in this article is not meant to imply an official position in any naming dispute. Entities considered to be micronations that are internationally not recognized are not included.

There are 201 entities on this list. The breakdown into categories is as follows:

Unlisted are the following states that fail to reach the criteria but which customary international law nonetheless might define as states under the Montevideo Convention:

Also not listed below are various disputed territories which cannot be justifiably assigned to the latter category, including Jubaland and Puntland (Somalia), Cabinda (Angola), Kosovo (Serbia), Kurdistan (Iraq), Kurdistan (Turkey) and numerous others. For a more inclusive list that includes dependent territories and areas of special sovereignty, see list of countries.


List of states



Flag of Abkhazia Abkhazia — Republic of Abkhazia Flag
Flag of Afghanistan Afghanistan — Islamic Republic of Afghanistan Flag
Flag of Albania Albania — Republic of Albania Flag
Flag of Algeria Algeria — People's Democratic Republic of Algeria Flag
Flag of Andorra Andorra — Principality of Andorra Flag
Flag of Angola Angola — Republic of Angola Flag
Flag of Antigua and Barbuda Antigua and Barbuda[4] Flag
Flag of Argentina Argentina[3] — Argentine Nation or Argentine Republic Flag
Flag of Armenia Armenia — Republic of Armenia Flag
Flag of Australia Australia[3] — Commonwealth of Australia Flag
Flag of Austria Austria[3] — Republic of Austria Flag
Flag of Azerbaijan Azerbaijan[1][4] — Republic of Azerbaijan Flag


Flag of Bahamas The Bahamas — Commonwealth of the Bahamas Flag of
Flag of Bahrain Bahrain — Kingdom of Bahrain Flag
Flag of Bangladesh Bangladesh — People's Republic of Bangladesh Flag
Flag of Barbados Barbados Flag
Flag of Belarus Belarus — Republic of Belarus Flag
Flag of Belgium Belgium[3] — Kingdom of Belgium Flag
Flag of Belize Belize Flag
Flag of Benin Benin — Republic of Benin Flag
Flag of Bhutan Bhutan — Kingdom of Bhutan Flag
Flag of Bolivia Bolivia — Republic of Bolivia Flag
Flag of Bosnia and Herzegovina Bosnia and Herzegovina[4] Flag
Flag of Botswana Botswana — Republic of Botswana Flag
Flag of Brazil Brazil[3] — Federative Republic of Brazil Flag
Flag of Brunei Brunei — State of Brunei Darussalam Flag
Flag of Bulgaria Bulgaria — Republic of Bulgaria Flag
Flag of Burkina Faso Burkina Faso Flag
Flag of Burundi Burundi — Republic of Burundi Flag


Flag of Cambodia Cambodia — Kingdom of Cambodia Flag
Flag of Cameroon Cameroon — Republic of Cameroon Flag
Flag of Canada Canada[3] [6] — Canada Flag
Flag of Cape Verde Cape Verde — Republic of Cape Verde Flag
Flag of Central African Republic Central African Republic — Central African Republic Flag of
Flag of Chad Chad — Republic of Chad Flag
Flag of Chile Chile — Republic of Chile Flag
People's Republic of China People's Republic of China [4] Flag
Republic of China Republic of China Flag
Flag of Colombia Colombia — Republic of Colombia Flag
Flag of Comoros Comoros [3] — Union of the Comoros Flag

Congo — Republic of the Congo Flag of

Congo — Democratic Republic of the Congo Flag of

Flag of Costa Rica Costa Rica — Republic of Costa Rica Flag
Flag of Côte d'Ivoire Côte d'Ivoire[7] — Republic of Côte d'Ivoire Flag of
Flag of Croatia Croatia — Republic of Croatia Flag
Flag of Cuba Cuba — Republic of Cuba Flag
Flag of Cyprus Cyprus — Republic of Cyprus Flag
Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus Flag
Flag of Czech Republic Czech Republic, or Czechia — Czech Republic Flag


Flag of Denmark Denmark2 — Kingdom of Denmark Flag
Flag of Djibouti Djibouti — Republic of Djibouti Flag
Flag of Dominica Dominica — Commonwealth of Dominica Flag
Flag of Dominican Republic Dominican Republic Flag of


East Timor — Democratic Republic of Timor-Leste Flag

Flag of Ecuador Ecuador — Republic of Ecuador Flag
Flag of Egypt Egypt — Arab Republic of Egypt Flag
Flag of El Salvador El Salvador — Republic of El Salvador Flag
Flag of Equatorial Guinea Equatorial Guinea — Republic of Equatorial Guinea Flag
Flag of Eritrea Eritrea — State of Eritrea Flag
Flag of Estonia Estonia — Republic of Estonia Flag
Flag of Ethiopia Ethiopia[3] — Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia Flag


Flag of Fiji Fiji[4] — Republic of the Fiji Islands Flag
Flag of Finland Finland[4] — Republic of Finland Flag
Flag of France France[2] — French Republic Flag


Flag of Gabon Gabon — Gabonese Republic Flag
Flag of The Gambia Gambia — Republic of The Gambia Flag
Flag of Georgia (country) Georgia[4] Flag
Flag of Germany Germany[3] — Federal Republic of Germany Flag
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 Ghana — Republic of Ghana Flag
Flag of Greece Greece[4] — Hellenic Republic Flag
Flag of Grenada Grenada[4] Flag
Flag of Guatemala Guatemala — Republic of Guatemala Flag
Flag of Guinea Guinea — Republic of Guinea Flag
Flag of Guinea-Bissau Guinea-Bissau — Republic of Guinea-Bissau Flag
Flag of Guyana Guyana — Co-operative Republic of Guyana Flag


Flag of Haiti Haiti — Republic of Haiti Flag
Flag of Honduras Honduras — Republic of Honduras Flag
Flag of Hungary Hungary — Republic of Hungary Flag


Flag of Iceland Iceland — Republic of Iceland Flag
Flag of India India[3] — Republic of India Flag
Flag of Indonesia Indonesia — Republic of Indonesia Flag
Flag of Iran Iran — Islamic Republic of Iran Flag
Flag of Iraq Iraq — Republic of Iraq Flag
Ireland — Republic of Ireland Flag
Flag of Israel Israel — State of Israel Flag
Flag of Italy Italy — Italian Republic Flag


Flag of Jamaica Jamaica Flag
Flag of Japan Japan Flag
Flag of Jordan Jordan — Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan Flag


Flag of Kazakhstan Kazakhstan — Republic of Kazakhstan Flag
Flag of Kenya Kenya — Republic of Kenya Flag
Flag of Kiribati Kiribati — Republic of Kiribati Flag

North Korea — Democratic People's Republic of Korea Flag

South Korea — Republic of Korea Flag

Flag of Kuwait Kuwait — State of Kuwait Flag
Flag of Kyrgyzstan Kyrgyzstan — Kyrgyz Republic Flag


Flag of Laos Laos — Lao People's Democratic Republic Flag
Flag of Latvia Latvia — Republic of Latvia Flag
Flag of Lebanon Lebanon — Lebanese Republic Flag
Flag of Lesotho Lesotho — Kingdom of Lesotho Flag
Flag of Liberia Liberia — Republic of Liberia Flag
Flag of Libya Libya — Great Socialist People's Libyan Arab Jamahiriya Flag
Flag of Liechtenstein Liechtenstein — Principality of Liechtenstein Flag
Flag of Lithuania Lithuania — Republic of Lithuania Flag
Flag of Luxembourg Luxembourg — Grand-Duchy of Luxembourg Flag


Republic of Macedonia[8] Flag

Flag of Madagascar Madagascar — Republic of Madagascar Flag
Flag of Malawi Malawi — Republic of Malawi Flag
Flag of Malaysia Malaysia[3] Flag
Flag of Maldives Maldives — Republic of Maldives Flag
Flag of Mali Mali — Republic of Mali Flag
Flag of Malta Malta — Republic of Malta Flag
Flag of Marshall Islands Marshall Islands — Republic of the Marshall Islands Flag of
Flag of Mauritania Mauritania — Islamic Republic of Mauritania Flag
Flag of Mauritius Mauritius — Republic of Mauritius Flag
Flag of Mexico Mexico[3] — United Mexican States Flag
Flag of Federated States of Micronesia Micronesia[3] — Federated States of Micronesia Flag
Flag of Moldova Moldova[1][4] — Republic of Moldova Flag
Flag of Monaco Monaco — Principality of Monaco Flag
Flag of Mongolia Mongolia Flag
Flag of Montenegro Montenegro — Republic of Montenegro Flag
Flag of Morocco Morocco — Kingdom of Morocco Flag
Flag of Mozambique Mozambique — Republic of Mozambique Flag
Flag of Myanmar Myanmar[9] — Union of Myanmar Flag


Flag of Nagorno-Karabakh Nagorno-Karabakh — Republic of Nagorno Karabakh Flag
Flag of Namibia Namibia — Republic of Namibia Flag
Flag of Nauru Nauru — Republic of Nauru Flag
Flag of Nepal Nepal — Kingdom of Nepal Flag
Flag of Netherlands Netherlands[2] — Kingdom of the Netherlands Flag
Flag of New Zealand New Zealand[2] Flag
Flag of Nicaragua Nicaragua — Republic of Nicaragua Flag
Flag of Niger Niger — Republic of Niger Flag
Flag of Nigeria Nigeria[3] — Federal Republic of Nigeria Flag
Flag of Norway Norway[2] — Kingdom of Norway Flag


Flag of Oman Oman — Sultanate of Oman Flag


Flag of Pakistan Pakistan — Islamic Republic of Pakistan Flag
Flag of Palau Palau — Republic of Palau Flag
Flag of Panama Panama — Republic of Panama Flag
Flag of Papua New Guinea Papua New Guinea — Independent State of Papua New Guinea Flag
Flag of Paraguay Paraguay — Republic of Paraguay Flag
Flag of Peru Peru — Republic of Peru Flag
Flag of Philippines Philippines[4] — Republic of the Philippines Flag of
Flag of Poland Poland — Republic of Poland Flag
Flag of Portugal Portugal[4] — Portuguese Republic Flag


Flag of Qatar Qatar — State of Qatar Flag


Flag of Romania Romania Flag
Flag of Russia Russia[3] — Russian Federation Flag
Flag of Rwanda Rwanda — Republic of Rwanda Flag


Flag of Western Sahara Western Sahara — Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic Flag
Flag of Saint Kitts and Nevis Saint Kitts and Nevis[4] — Federation of Saint Kitts and Nevis Flag
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 Saint Lucia Flag
Flag of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Flag
Flag of Samoa Samoa — Independent State of Samoa Flag
Flag of San Marino San Marino — Most Serene Republic of San Marino Flag
Flag of São Tomé and Príncipe São Tomé and Príncipe[4] — Democratic Republic of São Tomé and Príncipe Flag
Flag of Saudi Arabia Saudi Arabia — Kingdom of Saudi Arabia Flag
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 Senegal — Republic of Senegal Flag
Flag of Serbia Serbia[3][4] — Republic of Serbia Flag
Flag of Seychelles Seychelles — Republic of Seychelles Flag of
Flag of Sierra Leone Sierra Leone — Republic of Sierra Leone Flag
Flag of Singapore Singapore — Republic of Singapore Flag
Flag of Slovakia Slovakia — Slovak Republic Flag
Flag of Slovenia Slovenia — Republic of Slovenia Flag
Flag of Solomon Islands Solomon Islands Flag of
Flag of Somalia Somalia[1][10] Flag
Somaliland — Republic of Somaliland Flag
Flag of South Africa South Africa — Republic of South Africa Flag
Flag of South Ossetia South Ossetia — Republic of South Ossetia Flag
Flag of Spain Spain[3] — Kingdom of Spain Flag
Flag of Sri Lanka Sri Lanka — Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka Flag
Flag of Sudan Sudan — Republic of the Sudan Flag
Flag of Suriname Suriname — Republic of Suriname Flag
Flag of Swaziland Swaziland — Kingdom of Swaziland Flag
Flag of Sweden Sweden — Kingdom of Sweden Flag
Flag of Switzerland Switzerland[3] — Swiss Confederation Flag
Flag of Syria Syria — Syrian Arab Republic Flag


For the state that is commonly referred to as "Taiwan," please see the Republic of China
Flag of Tajikistan Tajikistan[4] — Republic of Tajikistan Flag
Flag of Tanzania Tanzania — United Republic of Tanzania Flag
Flag of Thailand Thailand — Kingdom of Thailand Flag
Flag of Togo Togo — Togolese Republic Flag
Flag of Tonga Tonga — Kingdom of Tonga Flag
Flag of Transnistria Transnistria — Trans-Dniestr Moldovan Republic Flag
Flag of Trinidad and Tobago Trinidad and Tobago[4] — Republic of Trinidad and Tobago Flag
Flag of Tunisia Tunisia — Republic of Tunisia Flag
Flag of Turkey Turkey — Republic of Turkey Flag
Flag of Turkmenistan Turkmenistan Flag
Flag of Tuvalu Tuvalu Flag


Flag of Uganda Uganda — Republic of Uganda Flag
Flag of Ukraine Ukraine[4] Flag of
Flag of United Arab Emirates United Arab Emirates[3] Flag of
Flag of United Kingdom United Kingdom[2] — United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland Flag of
Flag of United States United States[2][3] — United States of America Flag of
Flag of Uruguay Uruguay — Eastern Republic of Uruguay Flag
Flag of Uzbekistan Uzbekistan[4] — Republic of Uzbekistan Flag


Flag of Vanuatu Vanuatu — Republic of Vanuatu Flag
Flag of Vatican City Vatican City — State of the Vatican City Flag of
Flag of Venezuela Venezuela[3] — Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela Flag
Flag of Vietnam Vietnam — Socialist Republic of Vietnam Flag


Flag of Yemen Yemen — Republic of Yemen Flag


Flag of Zambia Zambia — Republic of Zambia Flag
Flag of Zimbabwe Zimbabwe — Republic of Zimbabwe Flag


  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 This list includes some de facto independent countries. More information can be found at the list of unrecognized countries.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 2.6 Some sovereign states have overseas dependencies, generally not part of the territory of the state. More information can be found at the List of dependent countries.
  3. 3.00 3.01 3.02 3.03 3.04 3.05 3.06 3.07 3.08 3.09 3.10 3.11 3.12 3.13 3.14 3.15 3.16 3.17 3.18 3.19 3.20 3.21 Some sovereign states have more or less federal structures. More information can be found at a List of federations.
  4. 4.00 4.01 4.02 4.03 4.04 4.05 4.06 4.07 4.08 4.09 4.10 4.11 4.12 4.13 4.14 4.15 4.16 4.17 4.18 4.19 Some sovereign states have one or more autonomous areas as part of the their territory; see List of autonomous areas by country.
  5. Note that the Palestinian Authority, which does enjoy partial control over the Palestinian Territories cannot be equated to the State of Palestine. The former does not, at the moment, claim independence.
  6. The legal name for Canada is the sole word; an officially sanctioned, though disused, name is Dominion of Canada (which includes its legal title); see: Canada's name, Dominion.
  7. Also known as Ivory Coast (which was formerly its official name).
  8. The Republic of Macedonia is known also as the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, see Foreign relations of the Republic of Macedonia.
  9. Also known as Burma (which was formerly its official name).
  10. Somalia is a country that currently only exists in a de jure capacity.

Other listings

National flags National coats of arms
Flags of sovereign states Coats of arms of sovereign states
Flags of dependent territories Coats of arms of dependent territories
Flags of unrecognized states Coats of arms of unrecognized states
Flags of micronations Coats of arms of micronations
Flags of formerly independent states

For more sources, see Geographic references.


See also

Lists by country
Topical country articles


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