Caracas

Santiago de León de Caracas
Skyline of Santiago de León de Caracas
Official flag of Santiago de León de Caracas
Official seal of Santiago de León de Caracas
Flag Seal
Nickname: "La Sultana del Avila (English:The Avilas' Sultan)

La Sucursal del Cielo (English:Branch of Heaven)"

Motto: Ave María Santísima, sin pecado concebida, en el primer instante de su ser natural.

(English: Hail Holiest Mary, conceived without sin, in the first instant of Your Natural Being)

Coordinates:
Country Venezuela
State Miranda
Counties Libertador, Chacao, Baruta, Sucre, El Hatillo
Mayor Juan Barreto (2004 – 2008)
Area  
 - City 1,930 km²  (1199.2 sq mi)
Elevation 900 m  (3,000 ft)
Population  
 - City (2005) 3,276,000
 - Density 1,697/km² (4,394/sq mi)
 - Urban 4,700,000
Website: alcaldiamayor.gob.ve

Caracas (pron. IPA [ka'ɾakas]) is the capital of Venezuela. It is located in the north of the country, following the contours of a narrow mountain valley located on the Venezuelan coastal range (Cordillera de la Costa). The valley's temperatures are springlike, and the urbanizable terrain of the Caracas Valley lies between 2,500 and 3,000 ft (760 and 910 m) above sea level. The Valley is close to the Caribbean Sea , separated from the coast by a steep mountain range (Cerro Ávila) that rises above 7400 ft (2200 m); to the south lies further hills and mountains. The historic center of Caracas, known as the Libertador Municipality, had an estimated population of 2.1 million in 2005[1]. In that same year, the official metropolitan area[2] had an estimated population of 3.3 million[3]. Distrito Capital (Capital District) is the name of Caracas' primary seat, covering part of Miranda State. The population of Caracas' urban agglomeration (Greater Caracas, including neighboring cities out of the Capital District) is about 4.7 million.[4]

Contents

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History

Casa del Libertador (Simón Bolívar's birthplace)
Casa del Libertador (Simón Bolívar's birthplace)

More than five hundred years ago, the area was populated by peaceful local ethnic tribes and Caracas did not exist. Years went by, and Francisco Fajardo, a Spanish colonizer founded a plantation there in 1562. Fajardo's stay in the valley did not last long, and he was expelled by the locals who returned to their flower-filled freedom. This was the last rebellion on the part of the aborigines, for on July 25, 1567, the Spanish captain Diego de Losada laid the foundations of the city of Santiago de León de Caracas, and the ethnic settlement of Catuchacao became transformed under the influence of the colonizers into the new city of Caracas. Caracas is now a days the oldest city that holds the title of capital of a country of the American continent.[citation needed]

The cultivation of cocoa stimulated the development of the city which became the capital of the province of Venezuela.

An attempt at revolution to gain independence organized by José María España and Manuel Gual was put down on July 13, 1797. But the ideas of the French Revolution and the American Wars of Independence inspired the people, and on July 5, 1811 a Declaration of Independence was signed in Caracas. This city was the birthplace of two of Latin America's most important figures: Francisco de Miranda and "El Libertador" Simón Bolívar. An earthquake destroyed Caracas on March 26, 1812 and was portrayed by authorities as a divine punishment for rebelling against the Spanish Crown, during the Venezuelan War of Independence. The valley became a cemetery, and the war continued until June 24, 1821, when Bolívar gained a decisive victory over the Royalists at Carabobo.

As the economy of oil-rich Venezuela grew steadily during the first part of the 20th century, Caracas became one of Latin America's economic centers, and was also known as the preferred hub between Europe and South America. During the 1950s Caracas began an intensive modernization program which continued through the 1960s and early 1970s. The Universidad Central de Venezuela, designed by modernist architect Carlos Raúl Villanueva, now a UNESCO monument, was built. Joining El Silencio, also by Villanueva, several workers' (23 de Enero, Simon Rodriguez) and new middle class residential districts (Bello Monte, Los Palos Grandes, Chuao, Cafetal, etc.) sprouted in the valley, extending its limits towards the East and South East. On October 17 2004, one of the Parque Central towers caught fire. The change in the economic structure of the country, now oil dependent, and the fast development of Caracas made it a magnet for the rural communities who migrated to the capital city in an unplanned fashion, creating the 'ranchitos' (slum) belt in the valley of Caracas.

Reference: The history and geography of a valley, by Maurice Wiesenthal, article appeared in the book Caracas, published in 1981.

University of Caracas, 1911
University of Caracas, 1911
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Symbols

Incidentally, the National Anthem of Venezuela "Gloria al Bravo Pueblo" recites: "...Y si el despotismo levanta la voz, seguid el ejemplo que Caracas dio." ("...and if despotism raises its voice, follow the example that Caracas gave.") ... meaning that Caracas used to generously give plenty of heroic fighters to wage the Independence War.
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Law and government

Caracas has five municipalities: Baruta, El Hatillo, Chacao, Libertador and Sucre. The constitution of Venezuela specifies that municipal governments be divided into executive and legislative branches. The executive government of the municipality is governed by the mayor, while the legislative government is managed by the Municipal council. In March 8, 2000, the year after a new constitution was introduced in Venezuela, it was decreed in Gaceta Oficial N° 36,906 that the Metropolitan District of Caracas would be created, and that some of the powers of these municipalities would be delegated to the Alcaldía Mayor, physically located in Libertador municipality.

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Geography

Generalissimo Francisco de Miranda air base , and El Ávila national park
Generalissimo Francisco de Miranda air base , and El Ávila national park

Caracas is contained entirely within a valley of the Venezuelan central range, and separated from the Caribbean coast by a roughly 15 km expanse of El Ávila National Park. (This group of mountains is greatly appreciated by the natives of Caracas for its beauty and wealth, and for being a place for natural recreation.) The valley is relatively small and quite irregular, the altitude with respect to sea level varies from between 870 and 1,043 meters, with 900 meters in the historic zone. This, along with the rapid population growth, has profoundly influenced the urban development of the city. The most elevated point of the Capital District, wherein the city is located, is the Pico El Ávila, which rises to 2159 meters. The main body of water in Caracas is the Guaire river, which flows across the city and empties into the Tuy river, which is also is fed by the El Valle and San Pedro rivers, in addition to numerous streams which descend from El Ávila. The La Mariposa and Camatagua reservoirs provide water to the city.

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Climate

The climate of Caracas is intertropical, with precipitation that varies between 900 and 1300 mm (annual), in the city proper, and up to 2000 mm in some parts of the Mountain range. The annual average temperature is approximately of 22.5ºC, with the average of the coldest month (January) 22° C and the average of the warmest month (May) 24° C, which gives little annual thermal amplitude, of 3ºC. The daily thermal amplitude is greater (more than 10ºC), superior to 30ºC, that rare times descend to less from 25ºC. In the months of December and January appear abundant fog, in addition to a sudden nocturnal temperature drop, that gets until 13ºC or less, this “cold” is known by the natives of Caracas as the Pacheco. In addition, the nocturnal temperatures at any time of the year usually do not surpass 20ºC, which results in very pleasant evening temperatures in Caracas. Hail storms appear in Caracas, although only on rare occasions. Electrical storms are much more frequent, especially between June and October, by the condition of a closed valley and the orographic action of Cerro El Ávila.

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Avg high °F 77 79 81 82 82 80 79 80 81 80 80 78 80
Avg low °F 63 65 66 68 70 69 68 68 68 68 67 65 67
Avg high °C 25 26 27 27 27 26 26 26 27 26 26 25 26
Avg low °C 17 18 18 20 21 20 20 20 20 20 19 18 19
Source: Weatherbase
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Economy

Caracas as the capital of Venezuela, hosts numerous companies of services, banks, malls, among others. Its activity is in almost 100% of services, excepting some industries established in its metropolitan area, this city also host the Caracas Stock Exchange, that requests the operations of the purchase and authorizes the sale of the instruments for its negotiation in the stock-market. It also hosts Petróleos de Venezuela (PDVSA) which is the main company of the country, that negotiates all the international agreements for the distribution and export of petroleum.

Caracas host the political power of Venezuela, has an immense economic capacity like seat of the small and medium industry, the city has excellent routes of communication and transport services between the metropolitan area and the country, Caracas becomes a center for the distribution of products. The high concentration of population has been also important factor for the accelerated multiplication of retail wholesale markets, and in this region, the commerce (national and international), is the activity of greater increase. Between the industries it has, those of, Chemicals, Textiles, Leather, food, iron and wood products, there are also important rubber and cement factories.

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Demographics

Caracas downtown
Caracas downtown
Shantytown in northwest Caracas
Shantytown in northwest Caracas

The population of Caracas is of 3,276,000 inhabitants, not including the surrounding suburbs, like Petare, whose population is approximately 1,500,000 people.[citation needed]

The mixture of races and cultures has marked this city throughout its history. Previously, during colonial times, Spaniards mixed with local native Indians and again with African slaves brought to work on the cocoa and coffee fields. As a result, the racial and ethnic composition of Caracas is diverse.

After the colonization period, when Venezuela was already independent and when petroleum was discovered and exploited, another kind of immigration arrived in the growing city: Europeans. The French, who brought the phone system (thus, people say "aló" like in French, when they answer the phone), and the Dutch (Shell Petroleum), who came to exploit the natural resources.

Then afterwards, due to the Second World War, old European dictatorships and more exploitation of petroleum, many thousands of immigrants from Spain (Galicia, Canary Islands especially), Portugal (Madeira Island especially), Italy and some other countries like Turkey and Lebanon came to build a new life on a brand new city, about to burst. This European immigration was notorious during the 60s and 70s. But some years later, during the 80s and 90s, Caracas received another type of immigrants, this time from nearby countries such as Colombia; Ecuador; Peru, Bolivia, Trinidad and Tobago, Haití, bringing again a new type of demography to the former landscape.

Fortunately, due to the old Spanish influence, mixture of races and cultures has been an accepted part of life in the city of Caracas. Therefore, it is not difficult to find blond people with dark eyes, as well as very dark people with blondish hair and blue eyes. Nevertheless, the common demography would be "mulatos" (black+white), "mestizos" (white+native indian), and "criollo" (three races all together).

Many people have arrived, but unfortunately the city has grown without any control. No demographic planning has ever been done, thus there are zones and neighborhoods of Caracas without water and electrical systems, not to mention other services like schools, hospitals, police, fire departments, etc. Therefore, some suburbs and zones of the city are like lawless territories, in which insecurity is felt every day and every night. Caracas, like many other Latin American cities, represents the best example of "non-planned supportable development", having as a result a modern, rich city, but at the same time, lawlessness combined with some of misery and poverty.

It is quite normal to find in Caracas an amazing 60-story, magnificent, high-tech building right next to a small house.

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Sites of interest

Main library of Ciudad Universitaria de Caracas
Main library of Ciudad Universitaria de Caracas
Teresa Carreño Cultural Complex
Teresa Carreño Cultural Complex
The National Pantheon (Panteón Nacional)
The National Pantheon (Panteón Nacional)
Mounted statue of Simón Bolívar in Plaza Bolívar, Caracas.
Mounted statue of Simón Bolívar in Plaza Bolívar, Caracas.
Santa Rosalía de Palermo Church in El Hatillo
Santa Rosalía de Palermo Church in El Hatillo
Pico Oriental of the Cerro El Ávila
Pico Oriental of the Cerro El Ávila
Las Mercedes
Las Mercedes
Altamira neighborhood
Altamira neighborhood
A narrow street in the colonial town of Petare
A narrow street in the colonial town of Petare
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Ciudad Universitaria

The main campus of the Central University of Venezuela, designed by the renowned architect Carlos Raúl Villanueva and declared World Heritage by UNESCO in 2000, is considered to be a masterwork of Modern Architecture and Art. Over 28 artists from the Modern Avant-garde participated in the project. Among them Hans Arp, Alexander Calder, Fernand Léger, Victor Vasarely with the Venezuelans Francisco Narváez, Alejandro Otero and Oswaldo Vigas.

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Capitolio Federal

The Capitolio Federal occupies an entire city block, and, with its golden domes and neoclassical pediments, can seem even bigger. The building was commissioned by Antonio Guzmán Blanco in the 1870s, and is most famous for its Salón Elíptico, an oval hall with a mural-covered dome and walls lined with portraits of the country's great and good.

Visit on Independence Day and you'll catch a glimpse of the original Act of Independence of 1811, installed inside a pedestal topped by a bust of Bolívar and displayed only on this most auspicious of public days. The halls surrounding the salon are daubed with battle scenes commemorating Venezuela's fight for independence.

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Parque del Este

Designed by Brazilian architect Roberto Burle Marx. A green paradise in the middle of the city, where diverse activities can be done. A park where typical animals can be seen in a little zoo. A replica of the ship led by Francisco de Miranda, the Leander, is in the southern part of the park.

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Teresa Carreño Cultural Complex

The Teresa Carreño Cultural Complex (Complejo Cultural Teresa Carreño), or more commonly the Teresa Carreño Theater (Teatro Teresa Carreño), is one of the most important Theaters of Caracas and Venezuela, where symphonic and popular concerts imagine frequently, operas, ballet and theater. It is located near the Seat of the museums, the Caobos Park and the Athenian of Caracas,in the cultural zone of the city. It is divided in two rooms: Jose Felix Ribas and Ríos Reyna. It is constructed on a site of 22 thousand square meters. The theater was thus named in honor of the Venezuelan pianist Teresa Carreño.

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Casa Natal de Bolívar

Skyscrapers may loom overhead, but there's more than a hint of original colonial flavor in this neatly proportioned reconstruction of the house where Simón Bolívar was born on July 24, 1783. The museum's exhibits include period weapons, banners and uniforms.

Much of the original colonial interior has been replaced by monumental paintings of battle scenes, but more personal relics can be seen in the nearby Museo Bolivariano. Pride of place goes to the coffin in which Bolívar's remains were brought from Colombia; his ashes now rest in the National Pantheon.

Bolívar's funeral was held 12 years after his death at the Iglesia de San Francisco, just a few blocks west, and it was also here that he was proclaimed 'El Libertador' in 1813. The church dazzles the eye with its richly gilded baroque altarpieces, and still retains much of its original colonial interior, despite being given a modernizing once-over by Guzmán Blanco.

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Museo de Arte Colonial

The gardens that surround this museum are almost as enticing as its interior. The museum is housed in a gorgeous colonial country mansion known as Quinta Anauco, which is surrounded by beautiful greenery. Inside the house you'll find meticulously restored rooms, filled with carefully selected works of art, furniture and period household and many other historical artifacts.

The "Quinta" was well outside the historic town when it was built back in 1797, but today it's an oasis in the inner suburb of San Bernardino. Head there late on a Sunday morning and you might catch a chamber music concert in rooms which were once the house stables

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Panteón Nacional

Venezuela's most venerated building is five blocks north of Plaza Bolívar, on the northern edge of the old town. Formerly a church, the building was given its new purpose as the final resting place for eminent Venezuelans by Antonio Guzmán Blanco in 1874. The entire central nave is dedicated to Bolívar, with the altar's place taken by the hero's bronze sarcophagus, while lesser luminaries are relegated to the aisles. The national pantheon's vault is covered with 1930s paintings depicting scenes from Bolívar's life, and the huge crystal chandelier glittering overhead was installed in 1883 on the centennial of his birth. It's worth hanging around to catch the ceremonial changing of the guard, held several times a day.

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Parque Central

At a short saunter east of Plaza Bolívar is Parque Central, a concrete complex of five high-rise residential slabs of somewhat apocalyptic-appearing architecture, crowned by two 53-storey octagonal towers while one of them is currently going under major repairs due to the fire which burned the building on October 17, 2004.

Parque Central is Caracas' art and culture hub, loaded with museums, cinemas, the Teresa Carreño Cultural Complex, and the Caracas Athenaeum, home to the esteemed Rajatabla theatre company. The Mirador de la Torre Oeste, on the 52nd floor, gives a 360° bird's-eye view of the city.

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Plaza Bolívar

Leafy Plaza Bolívar is the focus of the old town with the inevitable monument to El Libertador, Simon Bolívar, at its heart. Modern high-rise buildings have overpowered much of the colonial flavor of Caracas' founding neighborhood. But the lively area still boasts some important sites.

The Museo Caracas on the ground floor highlights local history, and has some great models of the city as it appeared in the early 19th century and 1930s. To grasp just how much this city has grown, take a look at the map dating from 1578 in the building's central courtyard.

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El Hatillo

El Hatillo is a colonial town located at the south-east suburbs of Caracas in the municipal area of the same name. This small town, which is one of Venezuela's few well-preserved typical colonial areas, gives an idea of what Caracas was like in centuries past. Just like every town in Venezuela, El Hatillo has its own Plaza Bolívar with El Libertador's statue in the middle. It also has a well preserved Roman Catholic Church, and many colonial houses. Even the municipal government, banks, and bookshops in this neighborhood keep the colonial look, with tall windows, floor-to-top wood doors, and red tile roofs.

The actual colonial section of El Hatillo municipality represents only a small part of the total land size. Other parts of El Hatillo municipality are regular residential and commercial zones, including the neighborhoods of La Boyera, Oripoto, and La Lagunita.

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Cerro El Ávila

Cerro El Ávila (Mountain El Ávila) (Wuaraira Repano), is a mountain in the mid-North of Venezuela, it rises next to Caracas and separates the city from the Caribbean Sea, it is considered the lung of Caracas due to the fact that there is no construction on it, only vegetation, this makes it a sites of reference of the city. In 1958 the mountain was declared National Park, with the name of El Ávila National Park.

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Las Mercedes

For those who wish to know the most commercial and cosmopolitan district of Caracas, you must visit Las Mercedes, this zone reunited some of the best restaurants of the city, that include the diverse gastronomical specialities, along with pleasant pubs, bars and pools. It is the favorite meeting place of the Caracas youth, it has some of the most exclusive stores of the city.

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Altamira neighborhood

Altamira is a neighborhood located in the Chacao municipality of Caracas, it has its own Metro Station, many hotels and restaurants, and is an important business center of the city, the Francisco de Miranda avenue (a major avenue in Caracas) and the Distibuidor Altamira (a congested highway exit) are both located in Altamira.

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The Caracas Cathedral

The Cathedral is situated in one corner of the Plaza Bolívar, it was founded in 1594. The parents of Simón Bolívar are buried in the Cathedral, besides its hand carved altars, it possesses some magnificent works of art, a Resurrection by Rubens, the Presentation of the Virgin by Murillo, and the Last Supper, an unfinished work by the Venezuelan painter Arturo Michelena.

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Religious buildings

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Seats and parks

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Colleges and universities

Central University of Venezuela
Central University of Venezuela
Laberinto Cromovegetal, at the Universidad Simón Bolívar
Laberinto Cromovegetal, at the Universidad Simón Bolívar
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Central University of Venezuela

(Universidad Central de Venezuela in Spanish) is a premier public University of Venezuela located in Caracas. Founded in 1721, it is the oldest university in Venezuela and one of the first in Latin America. The university campus was designed by architect Carlos Raúl Villanueva and it was declared World Heritage by UNESCO in 2000. The Ciudad Universitaria de Caracas, as the main Campus is also known, is considered a masterpiece of architecture and urban planning and it is the only university campus designed in the 20th century that has received such recognition by UNESCO.

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Simón Bolívar University

(Universidad Simón Bolívar in Spanish) or USB, is a public institution located in Caracas, Venezuela with scientific and technological orientation. Its motto is "La Universidad del Futuro" ("The University of the Future"). Both nationally and globally, Simón Bolívar University is a well-known school with a high reputation in scientific and engineering careers. Its graduates are known for achieving high professional standards.

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Other universities

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Sports

Estadio Olímpico de la UCV
Estadio Olímpico de la UCV

Most notably football and baseball teams are located in Caracas. Several other sports also have Caracas as their home. The baseball teams Tiburones de La Guaira and Leones del Caracas have like seat the Estadio Olímpico de la UCV, of the Central University of Venezuela, with a capacity of 25 000 spectators. The Navegantes del Magallanes, another baseball team, although it was founded in Caracas, was moved to Valencia, Carabobo, but it has a great liking in the capital, in special by its historical rivalry with the local team.

They city has two football stadiums:

Caracas for being the capital of Venezuela, has the seat of the National Institute of Sports and the Venezuelan Olympic Committee as well as of many clubs and national federations of a great diversity of disciplines. Bodybuilding, in particular Female Bodybuilding has become popular in Caracas as well. The most famous names being Betty Viana and Yaxeni Oriquen, who is also a Ms. Olympia champion. Both women are also natives of Caracas.

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Sports teams

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Culture

Caracas is Venezuela's cultural capital, boasting several restaurants, theaters, museums, and shopping centers. The city is also home to an array of immigrants from but not limited to: Spain, Italy, Portugal, the Middle East, Germany, China, and Latin American countries.

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Museums and theaters

  • Museo Arturo Michelena
  • Museo Audiovisual
  • Museo de la Estampa y el Diseño Carlos Cruz-Diez
  • Museo de Arte Popular de Petare
  • Museo Alejandro Otero
  • Galería Contini, an international gallery of paintings (America and Europe)
  • Centro de Arte La Estancia
  • Ciudad Universitaria de Caracas [2]
  • Cuadra Bolivariana
    • Casa natal del Libertador Simón Bolívar
    • Museo Bolivariano
  • Teresa Carreño Cultural Complex [3]
  • Teatro Municipal
  • Teatro Nacional
  • Centro de Estudios Latinoamericanos Rómulo Gallegos (CELARG)
  • Poliedro de Caracas [4]
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Notable natives

Plaza Francia in the Chacao Municipality
Plaza Francia in the Chacao Municipality

Caracas has been the birthplace of many politicians and artists that notably shaped the country's history and culture:

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Recreation

The city has two main football stadiums: The Olympic Stadium (35,000) and the Estadio Brígido Iriarte, with a capacity of 25,000 seats, which is home to the Caracas Fútbol Club and Italchacao). Baseball teams Tiburones de la Guaira and Leones del Caracas also play on their shared stadium Estadio Universitario (25,000 seats).

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Transportation

Metrobus feeder bus
Metrobus feeder bus
Agua Salud station of the Caracas Metro
Agua Salud station of the Caracas Metro
The Francisco Fajardo highway at night
The Francisco Fajardo highway at night
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Main avenues

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Districts

Caracas Districts
Northwest Catia • 23 de Enero • Propatria • Lomas de Urdaneta • Casalta • El Atlántico • Caño Amarillo • Los Magallanes de Catia • Alta Vista • Ruperto Lugo • Lídice • Gramoven • Manicomio
Center El Silencio • Capitolio • La Hoyada • Altagracia • La Pastora • Cotiza • Quita Crespo • Guaicaipuro • La Candelaria
Southwest Artigas • Vista Alegre • Bella Vista • Colinas de Vista Alegre • La Yaguara • Zona Industrial de La Yaguara • El Algodonal • Carapa • Antímano • Washington • Las Fuentes • El Paraíso • El Pinar • La Paz • El Paraíso • Montalbán • Juan Pablo II • La Vega • Las Adjuntas • Caricuao • Mamera
Centereastern El Conde • Parque Central • San Agustín del Sur • San Agustín del Norte • Simón Rodríguez • Maripérez •La Colina • Las Palmas • Las Lomas • San Rafael • Los Caobos • Quebrada Honda • San Bernardino • La Campiña • La Florida • Alta Florida • Chapellín • Los Cedros • El Bosque • Chacaíto • Sabana Grande • Bello Monte
South Cementerio • Los Carmenes • Los Castaños • Prado de Maria • La Bandera • Las Acacias • Colinas de las Acacias • Los Rosales • Valle Abajo • Los Chaguaramos • Ciudad Universitaria • Santa Mónica • Colinas de Santa Mónica • Colinas de Bello Monte • Cumbres de Curumo • El Valle • Los Jardines de El Valle • Coche • Delgado Chalbaud • La Rinconada
Eastern Country Club • El Pedregal • San Marino • Campo Alegre • Chacao • Bello Campo • El Rosal • El Retiro • Las Mercedes • Tamanaco • Chuao • Altamira • Los Palos Grandes • La Castellana • La Floresta • Santa Eduvigis • Sebucán • La Carlota • Santa Cecilia • Campo Claro • Los Ruices • Montecristo • Los Chorros • Los Dos Caminos • Boleíta • Los Cortijos • La California • Horizonte • El Marqués • La Urbina • El Llanito • Macaracuay • La Guairita • Caurimare • El Cafetal • San Román • Santa Rosa • San Luis • Santa Sofía • Santa Paula • Santa Inés • Los Pomelos • Palo Verde • Petare
Southeastern Valle Arriba • Santa Fe • Los Campitos • Prados del Este • Alto Prado • El Peñón • Baruta • Piedra Azul • La Trinidad • La Tahona • Monterrey • Las Minas • Cerro Verde • Los Naranjos • La Boyera • Alto Hatillo • El Hatillo • Los Geranios • La Lagunita • El Placer • El Guayabao • El Volcán • La Unión • Sartanejas •
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Panorama

Caracas and the Francisco Fajardo Highway
Caracas and the Francisco Fajardo Highway
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References

  1. Population projection by state
  2. Gobierno en Linea: Distrito Capital
  3. United Nations World Urbanization Prospects report
  4. citypopulation.de
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See also

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External links


Municipalities of Caracas

Baruta | Chacao | El Hatillo | Libertador | Sucre

Political Divisions of Venezuela Flag of Venezuela
Capital District: Caracas
States: Amazonas | Anzoátegui | Apure | Aragua | Barinas | Bolívar | Carabobo | Cojedes | Delta Amacuro | Falcón | Guárico | Lara | Mérida | Miranda | Monagas | Nueva Esparta | Portuguesa | Sucre | Táchira | Trujillo | Vargas | Yaracuy | Zulia
Federal dependencies: Los Monjes Archipelago | Las Aves Archipelago | Isla Aves | Los Hermanos Island | Islas Los Frailes | Los Roques Archipelago | La Sola Island | La Tortuga Island | La Orchila | La Blanquilla Island | Los Testigos Island | Isla de Patos
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