Baltimore, Maryland

Baltimore, Maryland
A view of the Baltimore skyline from the Jones Falls Expressway.
Official flag of Baltimore, Maryland
Official seal of Baltimore, Maryland
Flag Seal
Nickname: "Monument City", "Charm City", "Mob Town", "B-more", "Balmerr", "Bodymore, Murderland""
Motto: "The Greatest City In America" (formerly "The City That Reads")
Location of Baltimore in Maryland
Location of Baltimore in Maryland
Coordinates: 39°17′11″N, 76°36′54″W
Country United States
State Maryland
County Independent City
Founded 1729
Incorporated 1797
Mayor Sheila Dixon (D)
 - City 238.5 km²  (92.1 sq mi)
 - Land 209.3 km²  (80.8 sq mi)
 - Water 29.2 km² (11.3 sq mi)
Elevation 10 m  (33 ft)
 - City (2005) 641,943
 - Density 3,039/km²
 - Urban 2,178,000
 - Metro 2,639,213
Time zone EST (UTC-5)
 - Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)

Baltimore is an independent city located in the state of Maryland in the United States of America. As of 2005, the population of Baltimore City was 641,943 and the Baltimore-Towson metropolitan area had approximately 2.6 million residents. Baltimore is the largest city in Maryland and the third largest city on the East Coast after New York City and Philadelphia, although its metropolitan area is outpaced by that of Atlanta, Boston, Miami, and Washington, D.C..

The city is named after the founding proprietor of the Maryland Colony, Lord Baltimore in the Irish House of Lords. Baltimore became the second leading port of entry for immigrants to the United States during the 1800s. The city is a major U.S. seaport, situated closer to major Midwestern markets than any other major seaport on the East Coast.

Because there is also a Baltimore County surrounding (but not including) the city, it is sometimes referred to as Baltimore City when a clear distinction is desired.

People from Baltimore are known as "Baltimoreans", although they sometimes sardonically refer to themselves as "Baltimorons".




During the 17th century, various towns called "Baltimore" were founded as commercial ports at various locations on the upper Chesapeake Bay. The present city dates from July 30, 1729, and is named after Lord Baltimore, who was the first Proprietary Governor of the Province of Maryland. Baltimore grew swiftly in the mid- to late 18th century as a granary for sugar-producing colonies in the Caribbean. The profit from sugar encouraged the cultivation of cane and the importation of food. Baltimore's shorter distance from the Caribbean, compared to other large port cities such as New York City and Boston, reduced transportation time and minimized the spoilage of flour.

During the War of 1812, the British declared Baltimore "A nest of Pirates."[citation needed] The city's Fort McHenry came under attack by British forces near the harbor after the British had burned Washington, D.C. Known today as the Battle of Baltimore, American forces won by repulsing joint land and naval attacks. They fought to a stalemate at the Battle of North Point after killing the British commander General Ross. British reinforcements were not possible thereafter, and their forces subsequently withdrew. The naval engagement inspired Francis Scott Key to write the poem "The Star-Spangled Banner," the lyrics to the United States' national anthem. The battle was memorialized in the Battle Monument which is on the city seal.

In the years that followed, Baltimore's population grew explosively, due to increased commerce not only abroad but more importantly with points west in the interior of the United States. The construction of the federally funded National Road (now US Route 40) and the privately funded Baltimore & Ohio Railroad made Baltimore a major shipping and manufacturing center. As fortunes were made, the city's distinctive local culture started taking shape, and it started to develop a unique skyline peppered with churches and monuments. On an 1827 visit to the city, John Quincy Adams purportedly nicknamed it "Monument City"--a moniker that remained popular for well over a century.

Baltimore became an independent city in 1851, being separated from Baltimore County at that time.

Though it was a slave-holding state, Maryland did not secede but remained part of the Union during the Civil War. Slavery was outlawed in Maryland by the state Constitution of 1864. Pro-Southern sentiment led to the Baltimore riot of 1861, when Union soldiers marched through the city. After the riot, Union troops occupied Baltimore, and Maryland came under direct federal administration — in part, to prevent the state from seceding — until the end of the war in April 1865. This was considered a necessary move by the Union to prevent Washington, D.C., from being completely surrounded by seceded Confederate territory. The case Ex parte Merryman, written by Supreme Court Chief Justice Roger Taney (himself a Marylander), dealt with the habeas corpus rights of Marylanders jailed by the Abraham Lincoln Administration and strongly rebuked Lincoln for his actions.

The Great Baltimore Fire on February 7, 1904, destroyed over 1,500 buildings in 30 hours and forced most of the city to rebuild. Immediately afterward, Mayor Robert McLane was quoted in the Baltimore News as saying, "To suppose that the spirit of our people will not rise to the occasion is to suppose that our people are not genuine Americans. We shall make the fire of 1904 a landmark not of decline but of progress." He then refused assistance, stating "As head of this municipality, I cannot help but feel gratified by the sympathy and the offers of practical assistance which have been tendered to us. To them I have in general terms replied, 'Baltimore will take care of its own, thank you.'" (McLane committed suicide on May 30.) Two years later, on September 10, 1906, the Baltimore-American reported that the city had risen from the ashes and "one of the great disasters of modern time had been converted into a blessing."

Battle Monument with Washington Monument in background
Battle Monument with Washington Monument in background
Great Baltimore Fire of 1904, looking West from Pratt and Gay Streets.
Great Baltimore Fire of 1904, looking West from Pratt and Gay Streets.
Same view in 1906, 2 years after the fire
Same view in 1906, 2 years after the fire

Baltimore's population peaked at 949,708 in the 1950 Census, which ranked it as the sixth-largest city in the country, behind Detroit, and ahead of Cleveland. For the next five decades, the city's population declined while its suburbs grew dramatically, bottoming out in 2000 at 636,251. In the 21st century, the city's population has stabilized and is again rising, mostly due to revitalization efforts in many city neighborhoods.

In 1955 Flag House Courts, a public housing project consisting of three 12-story buildings, was erected. These buildings were demolished in 2001.

In recent years, efforts to redevelop the downtown area have led to a revitalization of the Inner Harbor. The Baltimore Convention Center was opened in 1979 and was renovated and expanded in 1996. Harborplace, a modern urban retail and restaurant complex, was opened on the waterfront in 1980, followed by the National Aquarium in Baltimore, Maryland's largest tourist destination, and another cultural venue, the Baltimore Museum of Industry in 1981. In 1992, the Baltimore Orioles of Major League Baseball moved from Memorial Stadium to Oriole Park at Camden Yards downtown, and six years later the Baltimore Ravens of the National Football League moved next door into PSINet Stadium (later renamed M&T Bank Stadium following PSINet's bankruptcy).

On October 2, 1996, Baltimore became the first city in the United States to adopt 311 as a non-emergency "hot line" telephone number, in order to reserve the use of 911 for genuine emergencies. The concept has been highly successful, and numerous other American municipalities have since implemented the practice.

In 2003, the Baltimore Development Corporation announced that three hotel projects were being reviewed. As of September 2006, the 756-room, $305 million Hilton hotel project is currently under construction west of the Baltimore Convention Center. The City of Baltimore hopes to have it finished and opened by August 2008. (See Baltimore Convention Center Hotel Project for more details regarding the convention center hotel.)

Also in 2003, Baltimore was affected by Hurricane Isabel from flooding as a result of tidal surge, affecting primarily the Fells Point community and the Inner Harbor and surrounding low areas. Many places were flooded, including the sports center ESPN Zone, the Baltimore World Trade Center (which remained closed for approximately a month during cleanup efforts), and most of the Inner Harbor. Water levels rose some 20 feet in areas, flooding underground parking garages and displacing thousands of cubic yards of trash and debris.

Beginning in the early part of the 21st century, Baltimore has undergone a major building spree in the downtown area, specifically in the Inner Harbor East district. The skyline has extended and will continue to do so well into the next decade. ARC Wheeler, a Philadelphia-based developer has been approved to build a new hotel/condominium complex that will be the city's new tallest building, dubbed "10 Inner Harbor," initially approved at 59 stories and 717ft tall, but rumored to be in the process of being redesigned to be even taller. Other proposals for downtown skyscrapers are twin 65-story towers at sites on E. Saratoga Street and Guilford Avenue, an 800ft.+ tower and complex located on the banks of the Patapsco River's middle branch area, and a 40-story condo and hotel tower at 300 E. Pratt Street.

On January 17, 2007, Sheila Dixon became the first woman to hold the office of Mayor of Baltimore.[1] The city's charter states that if the Mayor resigns, as Martin O'Malley did that day to become Governor, the President of the City Council shall assume the remainder of the term.[2] Thus Dixon will be Mayor through December 2007. The Primary Election scheduled for September 11, 2007 will most likely determine who will be the next elected Mayor of Baltimore, and Dixon's name is expected to be on the ballot.[3]


Law and government

Baltimore is an independent city — not part of any county. For most governmental purposes under Maryland law, Baltimore City is treated as a "county"-level entity. The United States Census Bureau uses counties as the basic unit for presentation of statistical information in the United States, and treats Baltimore as a county equivalent for those purposes.

Baltimore has been a Democratic stronghold for over 150 years, with Democrats dominating every level of government.



For a full list of mayors that served the city, see List of Baltimore Mayors.

In November of 2006, former Mayor Martin O'Malley won the Maryland gubernatorial election and became Governor on January 17, 2007. Former Baltimore City Council President Sheila Dixon, became mayor when O'Malley became governor. In serving the remaining year of O'Malley's term, Dixon is the city's first female mayor. Dixon says that she intends to run for a full term in the 2007 election, but many other prominent city political figures are also interested in entering the race [1].


Baltimore City Council

Grassroots pressure for reform, voiced as Question P, restructured the city council in November of 2002, against the will of the mayor, the council president, and the majority of the council. A coalition of union and community groups, organized by ACORN, backed the effort.

The Baltimore City Council is now made up of 14 single member districts and one elected at-large council president. Since January 17, 2007, Stephanie Rawlings Blake has been the council's Acting president, after Sheila Dixon succeeded Mayor O'Malley. On November 2, 2004, Dixon won re-election to her Council President post in a two-way contest; Joan Floyd, a Green Party candidate, was the only challenger; the Republicans did not field a candidate.


State Government

Prior to 1969 some considered Baltimore and its suburbs to be particularly underrepresented in the Maryland General Assembly, while rural areas were heavily overrepresented. Since Baker v. Carr in 1969, the Baltimore suburbs account for a substantial majority of seats in the state legislature; this has caused some to argue that rural areas are now underrepresented.

Baltimore dominated Maryland state politics prior to 1969, however; even today, most of the states' highest elected officials come from the Baltimore area.


Federal Government

There are no Congressional districts that lie entirely inside Baltimore. Three lie partly in the city — the 2nd, represented by Dutch Ruppersberger; the 3rd, represented by John Sarbanes; and the 7th, represented by Elijah Cummings. All three are Democrats and graduates of Baltimore City College; a Republican has not represented a significant portion of Baltimore in decades, and has not represented any of Baltimore since 2002.

Both of Maryland's Senators, Ben Cardin and Barbara Mikulski, are from Baltimore.



City Crime Rankings (12th Edition) ranks Baltimore second only to Detroit among the most dangerous American cities over 500,000 in population.[4] According to crime statistics there were 269 murders in Baltimore in 2005,[5] giving it the highest murder rate per 100,000 of all U.S. cities of 250,000 or more population. [2] Though this is significantly lower than the record-high 353 murders in 1993, the murder rate in Baltimore is nearly seven times the national rate, six times the rate of New York City, and three times the rate of Los Angeles. In addition, other categories of crime in Baltimore have also been declining, although overall crime rates are still high compared to the national average. The rate of forcible rapes has fallen below the national average in recent years; however, Baltimore still has much higher-than-average rates of aggravated assault, burglary, robbery, and theft[6] and a local news survey, though unscientific, recorded that over 75% of respondents felt that Baltimore City is no safer.[7]

Though the crime situation in Baltimore is considered one of the worst in the nation, city officials have pointed out that most violent crimes, particularly murders, are committed by people who know their victims and who are often associated with the illegal drug trade.[8]

City officials have, however, come under scrutiny from Maryland legislators regarding the veracity of crime statistics reported by the Baltimore City Police Department.[9] For 2003 the FBI identified irregularities in the number of rapes reported, which was confirmed by the Mayor. 2005's murder numbers appear to exhibit discrepancies as well[10] The former Commissioner of Police states upon interview that the administration suppressed corrections of its reported crime.[11] However, many of these charges seem to be, at least partially, politically motivated.[12] Nonetheless, experts indicate that the city's reporting practices should raise eyebrows and call for an independent audit, with which the administration has not cooperated, despite requests from members of City Council and the City's auditor.[13] While racial disparities in arrest and incarceration rates exist in Baltimore, both young white and black men in the city are arrested and incarcerated at relatively high rates. Fifty-two percent of black males in their 20s are either in prison, in jail, or under correctional supervision.[14] Of the roughly 100,000 arrests each year in this city of 635,000, about a quarter do not merit charging and another quarter do not merit prosecution. The ACLU has filed a suit in respect of systematic civil rights abuses by the current administration.[15]

Criminal intimidation has also been reported as a problem in the city.[16] In an infamous case, community activist Angela Dawson and her family were murdered by firebomb in their Baltimore home on October 16, 2002, in retaliation for Dawson's reporting of criminal activity. In a separate incident, another public safety activist, Edna McAbier, was also targeted.[17] Though she survived, she has fled her neighborhood, where she cannot be protected by city police.[18] In 2005, 3 men were sentenced to life in prison for their involvement in the latter case.[19] One of these men had appeared in the infamous video Stop Snitchin', a homemade DVD produced by local drug dealers threatening fellow dealers who failed to adhere to a street based code of ethics and became informants.



Despite the city's fame for its high crime rate (a reputation arguably fanned by such Baltimore-based TV series as Homicide: Life on the Street, The Corner, and The Wire), Baltimore nevertheless retains a distinctive local culture and social flavor. Historically a working-class port town, Baltimore has sometimes been dubbed a "city of neighborhoods," with different districts traditionally occupied by distinct ethnic groups. Most notable today are three downtown areas along the port: the Inner Harbor, frequented by tourists due to its hotels, shops, and museums; Fells Point, once a favorite entertainment spot for sailors but now refurbished and gentrified (and featured in the movie Sleepless in Seattle); and Little Italy, located between the other two, where Baltimore's Italian community was based--and where current U.S. House Speaker Nancy Pelosi grew up. Further inland, Mt. Vernon is the traditional center of cultural and artistic life of the city; it is home to a distinctive Washington Monument, set atop a hill in a 19th century urban square, that predates the monument in Washington, D.C. by several decades.

The traditional local accent, similar to Philadelphia's but with more of a southern drawl, has long been noted and celebrated as "Baltimorese" or "Bawlmorese." One thing outsiders quickly notice is that the locals refer to their city as "Bawlmer" or "Ballmer," dropping with the "t" for the most part. The dialect is similar to that of most Marylanders and many Pennsylvanians; it may reflect the region's roots in Cornwall and the English West Country, as many of the original settlers of the Chesapeake Bay area came from this area in colonial times. (Traditionally, Marylanders call their state "Merlin"--and likewise, many Pennsylvanians call their state "Pennsavania," dropping the "l".) However, Baltimore's local accent also reflects the rich mix of ethnic groups from Ireland, Germany, and southern and eastern Europe who immigrated to the city during the industrial era. (For a more in-depth discussion of the Maryland dialect, click the "Culture of Baltimore" link above.)

As Baltimore's demographics have changed since World War Two, its cultural flavor and accents have evolved as well. Today, after decades of out-migration to suburbs beyond its corporate limits and significant in-migration of African-Americans from Georgia and the Carolinas, Baltimore has become a majority African-American city with a significantly changed, but still regionally distinctive, dialect and culture. In addition, new immigrants from Latin America are making their mark, notably in neighborhoods near Fells Point.

Much of Baltimore's African-American culture has roots that long predate the 20th-century "Great Migration" from the Deep South. Like Atlanta, Georgia and Washington, DC, Baltimore has been home to a successful African-American middle class and professional community for centuries. Before the Civil War, Baltimore had one of the largest concentrations of free African-Americans among American cities. In the twentieth century, Baltimore-born Thurgood Marshall became the first African-American justice of the U.S. Supreme Court.

Baltimore's culture has been famously celebrated in the movies of Barry Levinson, who grew up in the city's Jewish neighborhoods. His movies Diner, Tin Men, Avalon, and Liberty Heights are inspired to varying degrees on his life in the city.


Geography and climate



City plan of Baltimore (1852) by Lucas, Fielding Jr. of Baltimore.
City plan of Baltimore (1852) by Lucas, Fielding Jr. of Baltimore.

Baltimore is in the north central part of the state of Maryland, on the Patapsco River, not far from the Chesapeake Bay. It is on the western edge of the Atlantic Coastal Plain, with low hills rising in the western part of the city. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 238.5 km² (92.1 mi²). 209.3 km² (80.8 mi²) of it is land and 29.2 km² (11.3 mi²) of it is water. The total area is 12.240 percent water.

The Baltimore-Washington Metropolitan Area is the 4th largest Combined Statistical Area in the United States, with an estimated population of 8,052,496. The Baltimore-Towson Metropolitan Statistical Area is the 19th largest MSA, with a population of 2,655,675.

1888 German map of Baltimore
1888 German map of Baltimore


Further information: List of Baltimore neighborhoods


Baltimore is on the northern end of the humid subtropical climate zone, according to the Köppen classification, with moderating influence from its relative proximity to the ocean. It gets relatively hot, humid summers and cool, moist winters, but the climate is less extreme than that of other American cities farther inland at a similar latitude.

July is typically the hottest month of the year, with an average high temperature of 91°F (33°C) and an average low of 73°F (23°C). The record high for Baltimore is 108°F (42°C), set in 1985. January is the coldest month, with an average high of 44°F (7°C) and an average low of 29°F (-2°C). However, winter warm fronts can bring brief periods of springlike weather, and arctic fronts can briefly drop nighttime low temperatures into the teens. The record low temperature for Baltimore is -7°F (-22°C), set in 1934. Baltimore rarely experiences temperatures below 10°F and above 100°F. Due to an urban heat island effect in the city proper, the outlying, inland parts of the Baltimore metro area are usually several degrees cooler than the city proper and the coastal towns.

Typical in most East Coast cities, precipitation is generous, and very evenly spread throughout the year, with every month bringing 3-4 inches of precipitation. Spring, summer, and fall bring frequent showers and thunderstorms, with an average of 105 sunny days a year. Annual snowfall averages around 20 inches (51 cm). However, seasonal snow totals have ranged from less than an inch to over 60 inches. [20] The heaviest snowstorm on record brought 28.2 inches to the city, from February 15-18, 2003. In the northern and western suburbs, the climate becomes more continental, and thus snowfall amounts are usually higher, where many places annually receive 24-36 inches (61-91 cm). [21] Freezing rain is not uncommon in Baltimore, but major ice storms are very rare.

The city lies in between two peculiar physical features that protect it from extreme weather and account for the relatively tempered seasons. The Appalachian Mountains protect central Maryland from much of the harsh northern winds and accompanying lake effect weather that bring subfreezing temperatures and heavy snows to the Great Lakes region, and the Delmarva Peninsula protects Baltimore from many of the tropical storms that affect the immediate coast.

Average Monthly Temperatures and Precipitation for Baltimore, MD
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Avg high °F (°C) 44 (7) 47 (8) 57 (14) 68 (20) 77 (25) 86 (30) 91 (33) 88 (31) 81 (27) 70 (21) 59 (15) 49 (9)
68 (20)
Avg low °F (°C) 29 (-2) 31 (-1) 39 (4) 48 (9) 58 (14) 68 (20) 73 (23) 71 (22) 64 (18) 52 (11) 42 (6) 33 (1)
52 (10)
Rainfall inches (mm) 3.48 (88.4) 3.07 (78.0) 4.12 (104.6) 3.06 (77.7) 4.18 (106.2) 3.28 (83.3) 3.96 (100.6) 4.05 (102.9) 4.06 (103.1) 3.19 (81.0) 3.45 (87.6) 3.60 (93.7)
43.59 (1107.1)



Road transport

The major highways serving the city are I-695 (the Baltimore Beltway), I-95, I-83 (the Jones Falls Expressway), and I-70 (the eastern terminus of which is just beyond the city limits). Freeways I-95, I-83, and I-70 are not directly connected to each other because of freeway revolts in the City of Baltimore led by Barbara Mikulski, which resulted in the abandonment of the original plan. There are two tunnels traversing the Baltimore harbor within the city limits: the four-bore Fort McHenry Tunnel (served by I-95) and the two-bore Harbor Tunnel (served by I-895).


Passenger rail

Baltimore is a major stop for Amtrak. Named passenger trains which serve Baltimore include Acela Express, Palmetto, Carolinian, Silver Star, Silver Meteor, Vermonter, Crescent, and Amtrak's Regional trains.


Public transit

Public transit in Baltimore City is provided by the Maryland Transit Administration. Baltimore City has a bus system, a light rail system, and a subway line. Additionally, MARC commuter rail connects Washington, D.C.'s Union Station with the city's two main intercity rail stations, Camden Station and Penn Station. A new rapid bus service, known as the no. 40 line, connects the Social Security/Woodlawn area and eastern suburbs with the downtown area. In recent months there has been serious consideration to extending both Baltimore's light rail and subway lines. A proposed Red Line would link the Social Security Administration to Fells Point and possibly out to the Dundalk/Essex communities. Other possible commuter rail routes are being considered.





Historical populations
Census Pop.

1790 13,503
1800 26,514 96.4%
1810 46,555 75.6%
1820 62,738 34.8%
1830 80,620 28.5%
1840 102,313 26.9%
1850 169,054 65.2%
1860 212,418 25.7%
1870 267,354 25.9%
1880 332,313 24.3%
1890 434,439 30.7%
1900 508,957 17.2%
1910 558,485 9.7%
1920 733,826 31.4%
1930 804,874 9.7%
1940 859,100 6.7%
1950 949,708 10.5%
1960 939,024 -1.1%
1970 905,759 -3.5%
1980 786,775 -13.1%
1990 736,014 -6.5%
2000 636,251 -13.6%

After New York City, Baltimore was the second city in the United States to reach a population of 100,000, (followed by New Orleans, Philadelphia, Boston).[22] Baltimore was the second largest city in the nation until 1860, when it was surpassed by Philadelphia. Baltimore remained one of the 10 largest cities in the United States from 1790 until about 1970. The city and metropolitan area currently rank in the top 20 in terms of population.

In the 1830, 1840, and 1850 censuses of the United States of America, Baltimore was the second-largest city in population. It was among the top 10 cities in population in the United States in every census up to the 1980 census. Recently, a 2005 census estimate projected that Baltimore was the city with the largest population drop alongside Detroit and Washington D.C., losing over 84,000 residents between 1990 and 2000.[23]

As of 2005, the population was 641,943, down slightly from 643,304 in 2004, but higher than the century-long low of 636,251 in 2000. The Baltimore–Towson metropolitan area, as of 2004, was estimated to have a population of 2.6 million.[24] The population density was 3,111.5/km² (8,058.4/mi²). There were 300,477 housing units at an average density of 1,435.8/km² (3,718.6/mi²). The racial makeup of the city was 64.34% Black or African American, 31.63% White, 0.32% Native American, 1.53% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.67% from other races, and 1.47% from two or more races. 1.70% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 257,996 households out of which 25.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 26.7% were married couples living together, 25.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 43.0% were non-families. 34.9% of all households are made up of individuals, and 11.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.42, and the average family size was 3.16.

In the city the population was spread out with 24.8% under the age of 18, 10.9% from 18 to 24, 29.9% from 25 to 44, 21.2% from 45 to 64, and 13.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 87.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 82.9 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $30,078, and the median income for a family was $35,438. Males had a median income of $31,767 versus $26,832 for females. The per capita income for the city was $16,978. About 18.8% of families and 22.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 30.6% of those under age 18 and 18.0% of those age 65 or over.


Baltimore Metropolitan Area

The Baltimore Metropolitan Area currently includes Anne Arundel, Baltimore, Carroll, Harford, Howard and Queen Anne's counties, as well as the city itself. As of 2005 the region was home to more than 2.6 million individuals. As the Washington region has prospered, Baltimore and its suburbs have prospered as well. Howard and Anne Arundel counties have become very affluent and rank nationally in terms of per capita family and personal income. Pockets of wealth exist within the Northern sections of the city, as well as parts of Baltimore County. In addition home prices as well as demand have risen significantly throughout the region attracting several prominent high-tech firms. Currently Johns Hopkins University is the largest single employer in the Baltimore region.

The Baltimore-Towson PMSA increased from 2,552,994 to 2,655,675 from 2000 to 2005.

Primary suburban areas within the Baltimore Region include: Annapolis (35,838), Bel Air (10,080), Catonsville (39,820), Columbia (88,254), Dundalk (62,306), Ellicott City (56,397), Fallston (8,427), Glen Burnie (38,922), Owings Mills (20,193), Severna Park (28,507), Towson (51,793), and Westminster (16,731)




Colleges and universities

Baltimore is the home of several places of higher learning, both public and private. Among them are:





As well as those located within the city, several are located in the suburbs that surround the city. Major ones include:


Primary and secondary schools

The city's public schools are operated by the Baltimore City Public School System, which includes Baltimore City College—the third oldest public high school in the country—and Baltimore Polytechnic Institute.


Private schools


Parochial schools



Although Baltimore is only 45 minutes north of Washington by automobile, it is a major media market in its own right. Its main newspaper, The Baltimore Sun, was sold by its Baltimore owners in 1988 to the Times Mirror Company, which has since been bought by Tribune Company. Baltimore is the 24th-largest television market and 21st-largest radio market in the country.








Museums and attractions


Sports teams


Defunct (or moved) Sports Teams
















Sister Cities

Baltimore has eleven sister cities, as designated by Sister Cities International, Inc. (SCI):


Baltimore in fiction

See main article Baltimore in Fiction for more information.


See also



  1. Fritze, John. "Dixon Takes Oath". The Baltimore Sun. January 19, 2007. URL retrieved on January 20, 2007.
  2. "Baltimore City Transition 2007 Explained", Baltimore City Council website. URL retrieved on January 20, 2007.
  3. Baltimore City, Mayor - D Primary, Our Campaigns. URL retrieved on January 20, 2007.
  4. Morgan Quitno's America's Safest Cities, "City Crime Rankings by Population Group".
  5. Anna Ditkoff, "Murder Ink"., Baltimore City Paper (January 11, 2006)
  6. "Baltimore Maryland Crime Statistics and Data Resources"., AreaConnect
  7. "Is Baltimore getting safer?"., WBAL-TV
  8. "Promising Strategies To Reduce Gun Violence"., Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (1998)
  9. "State Lawmaker Calls For Investigation Into Police"., WBAL-TV (February 14, 2006)
  10. "Homicide Rate, Police Procedures Questioned"., WBAL-TV (February 14, 2006)
  11. "Ex-Commish Raised Questions During Tenure"., WBAL-TV (February 22, 2006)
  12. John Wagner and Tim Craig, "Duncan Rebukes O'Malley Over Crime"., Washington Post (February 14, 2006)
  13. "Criminologists Express Doubt About O'Malley's Crime Statistics"., The Associated Press (February 12, 2006)
  14. Ryan Davis, "Study: 1 in 5 young black city men in jail"., The Baltimore Sun (March 16, 2005)
  15. "ACLU, NAACP Sue Baltimore Over Illegal Arrests"., The Associated Press (June 15, 2006)
  16. Gary Gately, "Baltimore struggles to battle witness intimidation"., The Boston Globe (February 12, 2005)
  17. Matthew Dolan, "Victim describes fire attack"., The Baltimore Sun (December 6, 2005)
  18. Matthew Dolan, "A life exiled"., The Baltimore Sun (September 19, 2006)
  19. Matthew Dolan, "3 convicted in firebombing case"., The Baltimore Sun (December 14, 2005)
  20. NOAA, "Baltimore Average Monthly Snowfall (since 1883)".
  21. NOAA, "Maryland Average Annual Snowfall Map".
  22. United States census data for 1830, 1840, and 1850
  23. "Top 50 Cities in the U.S. by Population and Rank (2005 Census)". 2005. Retrieved August 1 2006
  24. Annual Estimates of the Population of Metropolitan and Micropolitan Statistical Areas: April 1, 2000 to July 1, 2004 (CBSA-EST2004-01)

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