18th century

As a means of recording the passage of time, the 18th century refers to the century that lasted from 1701 through 1800 in the Gregorian calendar.

History scholars sometimes specifically define the 18th century otherwise for the purposes of their work. For example the "short" 18th century may be defined as 1715-1789, denoting the period of time between the death of Louis XIV of France and the start of the French Revolution[1][2], while the "long" eighteenth century may run from the Glorious Revolution of 1689 to the battle of Waterloo in 1815[3] or even later.[4]

The storming of the Bastille, July 14, 1789, an iconic event of the French Revolution.
The storming of the Bastille, July 14, 1789, an iconic event of the French Revolution.

Contents

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Events

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1700s

Union flag of The Kingdom of Great Britain
Union flag of The Kingdom of Great Britain
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1710s

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1720s

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1730s

Qianlong Emperor
Qianlong Emperor
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1740s

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1750s

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1760s

Frederick II the Great, King of Prussia
Frederick II the Great, King of Prussia
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1770s

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1780s

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1790s

A Phrygian cap from 1790s France
A Phrygian cap from 1790s France
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Significant people

Johann Sebastian Bach
Carl Friedrich Gauss
Samuel Johnson
Samuel Johnson
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
Voltaire
George Washington

See Founding Fathers of the United States

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Inventions, discoveries, introductions

The Spinning Jenny
The Spinning Jenny
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References

  1. Anderson, M. S. (1979). Historians and the Eighteenth-Century Europe, 1715–1789. Oxford University Press. ISBN 0198225482.
  2. Ribeiro, Aileen (2002). Dress in Eighteenth-Century Europe 1715-1789 (revised edition). Yale University Press. ISBN 0300091516.
  3. Marshall, P. J. (Editor) (2001). The Oxford History of the British Empire: Volume II: The Eighteenth Century (Oxford History of the British Empire). Oxford University Press, USA. ISBN 0199246777., "Introduction" by P. J. Marshall, page 1
  4. O'Gorman, Frank (1997). The Long Eighteenth Century: British Political and Social History 1688-1832 (The Arnold History of Britain Series). A Hodder Arnold Publication. ISBN 0340567511.
  5. 5.0 5.1 Porter, Roy (Editor) (2003). The Cambridge History of Science, Volume 4: The Eighteenth Century (The Cambridge History of Science). Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0521572436., "The Philosopher's Beard: Women and Gender in Science" by Londra Schiebinger, pages 184-210
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Decades and years

Millennium Century
4th BC: 40th BC 39th BC 38th BC 37th BC 36th BC 35th BC 34th BC 33rd BC 32nd BC 31st BC
3rd BC: 30th BC 29th BC 28th BC 27th BC 26th BC 25th BC 24th BC 23rd BC 22nd BC 21st BC
2nd BC: 20th BC 19th BC 18th BC 17th BC 16th BC 15th BC 14th BC 13th BC 12th BC 11th BC
1st BC: 10th BC 9th BC 8th BC 7th BC 6th BC 5th BC 4th BC 3rd BC 2nd BC 1st BC
1st:   1st   2nd   3rd   4th   5th   6th   7th   8th   9th 10th
2nd: 11th 12th 13th 14th 15th 16th 17th 18th 19th 20th
3rd: 21st 22nd 23rd 24th 25th 26th 27th 28th 29th 30th
4th: 31st 32nd 33rd 34th 35th 36th 37th 38th 39th 40th
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