Satyajit Ray filmography

Satyajit Ray (listen ; 2 May 1921 – 23 April 1992) was an Indian filmmaker who worked prominently in Bengali cinema and who has often been regarded as one of the great directors of world cinema.[1] Ray was born in Calcutta (now Kolkata) to a Bengali family and started his career as a junior visualiser.[2] His meeting with French film director Jean Renoir, who had come to Calcutta in 1949 to shoot his film The River (1951), and his 1950 visit to London, where he saw Vittorio De Sica's Ladri di biciclette (Bicycle Thieves) (1948), inspired Ray to become a film-maker.[3][4] Ray made his directorial debut in 1955 with Pather Panchali and directed 36 films, comprising 29 feature films, five documentaries, and two short films.

A portrait of Satyajit Ray

Although Ray's work generally received critical acclaim,[5][6] his film Pather Panchali and Ashani Sanket (1973) were criticised for "exporting poverty" and "distorting India's image abroad".[5][7] His Apu Trilogy (1955–1959) appeared in Time's All-Time 100 Movies in 2005.[8] Aside from directing, Ray composed music and wrote screenplays for films, both his own and those by other directors.[9] Often credited as a fiction writer, illustrator, and calligrapher; Ray authored several short stories and novels in Bengali, most of which were aimed at children and adolescents.[10][11] Some of his short stories have been adapted into films by other directors, including his only son, Sandip Ray. Considered a cultural icon in India and acknowledged for his contribution to Indian cinema,[12] Ray has influenced several filmmakers around the world, including Wes Anderson, Martin Scorsese,[13][14] James Ivory,[15] François Truffaut[16] and Carlos Saura.[17]

Ray intended to make various other films, including The Alien which inspired Steven Spielberg's 1982 film E.T.;[18][19] a documentary on Indian sitar player Ravi Shankar;[20] an adaptation of the ancient Indian epic, the Mahābhārata; and an adaptation of E. M. Forster's 1924 novel, A Passage to India. However, none had been started when he died in 1992.[21]

Ray received numerous awards at international film festivals and elsewhere, including several Indian National Film Awards and an honorary Academy Award at the 64th Academy Awards in 1992.[22] Ray was awarded India's highest award in cinema, the Dadasaheb Phalke Award, in 1984 and India's highest civilian award, Bharat Ratna, in 1992.[23][24]

Filmography

Key
Indicates a documentary Indicates a short film Indicates a television film/series # Indicates an advertisement film

Directed by Ray

List of films directed by Satyajit Ray[lower-roman 1][lower-roman 2][lower-roman 3][lower-roman 4][lower-roman 5][lower-roman 6][lower-roman 7][lower-roman 8]
Year Original title International release title Language(s) Producer Music Screenplay Writer Other
1955 Pather Panchali A Song of the Little Road Bengali Yes
1956 Aparajito The Unvanquished Bengali Yes Yes
1958 Parash Pathar The Philosopher's Stone Bengali Yes Dialogue
1958 Jalsaghar The Music Room Bengali Yes Yes Distributor
1959 Apur Sansar The World of Apu Bengali Yes Yes Distributor
1960 Devi The Goddess Bengali Yes Yes Distributor
1961 Teen Kanya
  The Postmaster
  Monihara
  Samapti
Three Daughters / Two Daughters[upper-alpha 1]
  The Postmaster
  The Lost Jewels
  The Conclusion
Bengali Yes Yes Yes Distributor
1961 Rabindranath Tagore Rabindranath Tagore English Yes Narrator
1962 Kanchenjungha Kanchanjangha Bengali Yes Yes
1962 Abhijan The Expedition Bengali Yes Yes
1963 Mahanagar The Big City Bengali Yes Yes
1964 Charulata The Lonely Wife Bengali Yes Yes
1964 Two Two No spoken language Yes Yes
1965 Kapurush-O-Mahapurush
  Kapurush
  Mahapurush

  The Coward
  The Holy Man
Bengali Yes Yes
1966 Nayak The Hero Bengali Yes Yes
1967 Chiriyakhana The Zoo Bengali Yes Yes Lyricist
1968 Goopy Gyne Bagha Byne The Adventures of Goopy and Bagha Bengali Yes Yes   Costume designer
  Lyricist
1969 Aranyer Din Ratri Days and Nights in the Forest Bengali Yes Yes
1970 Pratidwandi The Adversary Bengali Yes Yes
1971 Seemabaddha A Company Limited Bengali Yes Yes
1971 Sikkim Sikkim English Yes Yes   Narrator
  Sound designer
1972 The Inner Eye The Inner Eye Bengali Yes Yes   Narrator
  Sound designer
1973 Ashani Sanket The Distant Thunder Bengali Yes Yes
1974 Sonar Kella[upper-alpha 2] The Fortress Bengali Yes Yes Yes
1975 Jana Aranya The Middleman Bengali Yes Yes
1976 Bala Bala English Yes Yes Narrator
1977 Shatranj Ke Khilari The Chess Players   Hindi
  Urdu
  English
Yes Yes Dialogue
1979 Joi Baba Felunath[upper-alpha 3] The Elephant God Bengali Yes Yes Yes
1980 Hirak Rajar Deshe The Kingdom of Diamonds Bengali Yes Yes   Art director
  Costume designer
  Lyricist
1980 Pikoo[upper-alpha 4] Pikoo's Day Bengali Yes Yes Yes
1981 Sadgati The Deliverance Hindi Yes Yes Dialogue
1984 Ghare Baire The Home and The World Bengali Yes Yes
1987 Sukumar Ray Sukumar Ray Bengali Yes Yes
1990 Ganashatru An Enemy of the People Bengali Yes Yes
1992 Shakha Proshakha The Branches of the Tree Bengali Yes Yes Yes Distributor
1992 Agantuk[upper-alpha 5] The Stranger Bengali Yes Yes Yes

Contributions by Ray

List of films contributed to by Satyajit Ray[lower-roman 1][lower-roman 2][lower-roman 3][lower-roman 4][lower-roman 5][lower-roman 6][lower-roman 7][lower-roman 8]
Year Original title Language(s) Director Composer Screenplay Writer Other
1948 A Perfect Day English Harisadhan Dasgupta Yes
1951 The River   Bengali
  English
Jean Renoir Assistant director[upper-alpha 6]
1960 Our Children will Know Each Other Better English Harisadhan Dasgupta Yes
1960 The Tidal Bore English Vijaya Mulay Narrator
1961 The Story of Tata Steel # English Harisadhan Dasgupta Yes
1963 Creative Artists of India: Satyajit Ray English B.D. Garga Yes Narrator
1965 Shakespeare Wallah English James Ivory Yes
1967 Glimpses of West Bengal English Bansi Chandragupta Yes
1967 Quest for Health # English Harisadhan Dasgupta Yes
1969 House that Never Dies English Tony Meyer Yes
1970 Baksa Badal Bengali Nityananda Datta Yes Yes
1970 Gangasagar Mela Bengali Bansi Chandragupta Yes
1973 Max Mueller English Jorn Thiel Yes Narrator
1974 Darjeeling: Himalayan Fantasy English Bansi Chandragupta Yes
1978 The Brave Do Not Die English Harisadhan Dasgupta Yes
1983 Phatik Chand (film) Bengali Sandip Ray Yes Yes Yes
1983 The Music of Satyajit Ray English Utpalendu Chakrabarty Yes Illustrator
1985–86 Satyajit Ray Presents I Bengali Sandip Ray Yes Yes Yes
1986–87 Satyajit Ray Presents II Bengali Sandip Ray Yes Yes Yes
1986 Kissa Kathmandu Ka[27] Hindi Sandip Ray Yes
1991 Goopy Bagha Phire Elo Bengali Sandip Ray Yes Yes Lyricist
1994 Uttoran Bengali Sandip Ray Yes Yes
1995 Target Bengali Sandip Ray Yes Yes
1996 Baksho Rahashya[upper-alpha 7] Bengali Sandip Ray Yes
1996–97 Feluda 30 Bengali Sandip Ray Yes
1998 Parvaz-e zanbur Tajik   Boung-hun Min
  Jamshed Usmonov
Yes[upper-alpha 8]
1999 Satyajiter Gappo Bengali Sandip Ray Yes
2000 Dr. Munshir Diary Bengali Sandip Ray Yes
2001 Satyajiter Priyo Galpo Bengali Sandip Ray Yes
2001 Eker Pithe Dui Bengali Sandip Ray Yes
2003 Bombaiyer Bombete[upper-alpha 9] Bengali Sandip Ray Yes
2006 Bankubabur Bandhu[upper-alpha 10] Bengali Kaushik Sen Yes
2007 The Darjeeling Limited English Wes Anderson Yes[upper-alpha 11]
2007 Kailashey Kelenkari[upper-alpha 12] Bengali Sandip Ray Yes
2008 Tintorettor Jishu[upper-alpha 13] Bengali Sandip Ray Yes
2010 Gorosthaney Sabdhan[upper-alpha 14] Bengali Sandip Ray Yes
2011 Royal Bengal Rahashya[upper-alpha 15] Bengali Sandip Ray Yes
2011 Some Maana[29] Kannada Abhishek Iyengar Yes
2012 Jekhane Bhooter Bhoy[upper-alpha 16] Bengali Sandip Ray Yes
2013 Bombay Talkies[upper-alpha 17][30] Hindi Dibakar Banerjee Yes
2014 Goopi Gawaiya Bagha Bajaiya[31] Hindi Shilpa Ranade Yes
2014 Chaar[upper-alpha 18] Bengali Sandip Ray Yes
2014 Badshahi Angti[upper-alpha 19] Bengali Sandip Ray Yes
2016 Double Feluda[upper-alpha 20] Bengali Sandip Ray Yes
2017 Anukul Bengali Sujoy Ghosh Yes

Notes

  1. The title of the film Teen Kanya means three daughters (or girls), however the international version of the film is titled Two Daughters. Though the feature film has three different stories, only two of them were included for the international release—The Postmaster and Samapti[25]
  2. Based on a novel: Sonar Kella by Ray.
  3. Based on a novel: Joi Baba Felunath by Ray.
  4. Based on a short story named Pikoor Diary (Pikoo's Diary), written by Ray for one of his books, Pikoor Diary O Onyanyo (Pikoo's Diary and Other Stories).
  5. Based on a short story named Atithi (The Guest) by Ray.
  6. Unaccredited role[26]
  7. Based on a short story named Baksho Rahashya by Ray.
  8. Featured music
  9. Based on a novel named Bombaiyer Bombete by Ray.
  10. Based on a science fiction short story named Bankubabur Bandhu by Ray.
  11. Reused five of Ray's previous compositions from the films; Teen Kanya (1961), Charulata (1964), Shakespeare Wallah (1965), Baksa Badal (1970) and Joi Baba Felunath (1979)[28]
  12. Based on a novel: Kailashey Kelenkari by Ray.
  13. Based on a short story named Tintorettor Jishu by Ray.
  14. Based on a novel: Gorosthaney Sabdhan by Ray.
  15. Based on a novel: Royal Bengal Rahashya by Ray.
  16. Based on two short stories named Brown Saheber Bari and Anath Babur Bhoy by Ray.
  17. Based on a short story named Patol Babu, Film Star by Ray.
  18. Based on two short stories named Kagtarua and Dui Bondhu by Ray.
  19. Based on a novel: Badshahi Angti by Ray.
  20. Based on two stories: Samaddarer Chabi and Golokdham Rahasya by Ray.

References

  1. "Sight and Sound Poll 1992: Critics". California Institute of Technology. Archived from the original on 18 June 2015. Retrieved 3 February 2013.
  2. Robinson 1989, pp. 56–58.
  3. Robinson 1989, pp. 42–44.
  4. Robinson 1989, p. 48.
  5. Malcolm, Derek (2 May 2002). "The universe in his backyard". Guardian.co.uk. London. Archived from the original on 15 January 2015. Retrieved 3 February 2013.
  6. Swagrow, Michael (28 September 1994). "An art wedded to truth". The Atlantic. Archived from the original on 31 May 2015. Retrieved 3 February 2013.
  7. Ganguly 2010, pp. 6–7.
  8. Schickel, Richard (12 February 2005). "Time 100: The Apu Trilogy". Time. Archived from the original on 20 October 2013. Retrieved 3 February 2013.
  9. Robinson 1989, pp. 352–364.
  10. "Books written by Satyajit Ray". satyajitray.org. Archived from the original on 30 March 2013. Retrieved 4 February 2013.
  11. Robinson 1989, pp. 296–305.
  12. Tankha, Madhur (1 December 2007). "Returning to the classics of Ray". The Hindu. New Delhi. Archived from the original on 26 April 2014. Retrieved 3 February 2013.
  13. "Scorsese's secret inspiration". ShortList. Archived from the original on 10 March 2013. Retrieved 3 February 2013.
  14. "Martin Scorsese hits DC, hangs with the Hachet". The GW Hatchet. 4 March 2002. Archived from the original on 17 July 2012. Retrieved 3 February 2013.
  15. "Ivory, James (1928–)". Screenonline. Archived from the original on 30 December 2006. Retrieved 3 February 2013.
  16. "The 'World' of Satyajit Ray legacy of India's premier film maker on display". Daily News (New York). 5 May 1995. Archived from the original on 21 February 2015. Retrieved 3 February 2013.
  17. "Satyajit Ray is this Spanish director's inspiration". CNN-IBN. 11 March 2008. Archived from the original on 7 July 2014. Retrieved 3 February 2013.
  18. Robinson 1989, pp. 287–295.
  19. "Close encounters with native E.T. finally real". The Times of India. Kolkata. 5 April 2003. Archived from the original on 23 October 2012. Retrieved 24 March 2013.
  20. Dutta, Indrani (13 December 2012). "Satyajit had planned documentary on Pandit Ravi Shankar". The Hindu. Archived from the original on 18 February 2013. Retrieved 3 February 2013.
  21. Robinson 1989, pp. 284–286.
  22. "The 64th Academy Awards (1992)". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. 30 March 1992. Archived from the original on 23 September 2014. Retrieved 3 February 2013.
  23. "Dadasaheb Phalke Award past recipients". Directorate of Film Festivals. Archived from the original on 26 May 2016. Retrieved 3 February 2013.
  24. "List of recipients of Bharat Ratna" (PDF). Ministry of Home Affairs (India). Retrieved 3 February 2013.
  25. "Teen Kanya (Three Daughters / Two Daughters)". satyajitray.org. Archived from the original on 5 January 2013. Retrieved 4 February 2013.
  26. Robinson 1989, p. 68.
  27. Ray 2004, p. x.
  28. "The Darjeeling Limited Soundtrack". iTunes Store. 25 September 2007. Archived from the original on 22 June 2012. Retrieved 4 February 2013.
  29. Thimmaiah, Bhavya (15 June 2012). "Chinwag with...Abhishek Iyengar". Bangalore: Bangalore Mirror. Retrieved 23 March 2013.
  30. Banerjee, Soumyadipta (4 February 2013). "Dibakar Banerjee to make a film on Ray's short story". Mumbai Mirror. Mumbai. Archived from the original on 4 February 2013. Retrieved 4 February 2013.
  31. Rao, Ch Sushil (13 November 2013). "'Gopi Gawaiya Bagha Bajaiya' inaugural film of 18th ICFFI". The Times of India. Hyderabad. Archived from the original on 14 November 2013. Retrieved 15 March 2014.
Filmography, contributions and credits
  1. Satyajit Ray filmography @ satyajitray.org
  2. "Satyajit Ray > Filmography". satyajitray.ucsc.edu. Archived from the original on 6 May 2015. Retrieved 2 February 2013.
  3. "Satyajit Ray > Filmography". satyajitray.org.uk. Archived from the original on 30 March 2013. Retrieved 2 February 2013.
  4. "Satyajit Ray > Filmography". AllMovie. Archived from the original on 29 January 2013. Retrieved 2 February 2013.
  5. Satyajit Ray filmography @ satyajitrayworld.com
  6. "Satyajit Ray > Filmography". The New York Times. Archived from the original on 31 May 2015. Retrieved 2 February 2013.
  7. "Satyajit Ray > Rotten Tomatoes Celebrity Profile". Rotten Tomatoes. Archived from the original on 20 November 2012. Retrieved 2 February 2013.
  8. "Satyajit Ray > Filmography". Yahoo! Movies. Archived from the original on 13 March 2016. Retrieved 2 February 2013.
Bibliography
  • Ray, Satyajit (2004). Complete Adventures of Feluda. I. Penguin Books India. ISBN 978-0-14-303277-9.
  • Robinson, Andrew (1989). Satyajit Ray: The Inner Eye. I. B. Tauris. ISBN 1-86064-965-3.
  • Ganguly, Keya (2010). "Introduction: The Light of the New Moon". Cinema, Emergence, and the Films of Satyajit Ray. University of California Press. ISBN 978-0-520-26216-4.

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