Wayne at Macworld 2009
Ronald Gerald Wayne|
May 17, 1934
Cleveland, Ohio, U.S.
|Known for||Cofounding Apple Inc.|
Ronald Wayne (born May 17, 1934) is an American retired electronics industry worker. He co-founded Apple Computer (now Apple Inc.) with Steve Wozniak and Steve Jobs, providing administrative oversight for the new venture. However, he soon sold his share of the new company back to Jobs and Wozniak for $800 US dollars, and later accepted $1,500 to forfeit any claims against Apple (in total, equivalent to $9,498 in 2017). As of August 2, 2018, if Wayne had kept his 10% stake in Apple Inc., it would have been worth over $100 billion, making him the second richest man on earth.
Early life and education
Wayne was born in Cleveland, Ohio, United States on May 17, 1934. He trained as a technical draftsman at the School of Industrial Art in New York.
In 1956, aged 22, he moved to California. In 1971, Wayne started his first business, a company selling slot machines. The company failed, with Wayne reflecting in 2014 that, "I discovered very quickly that I had no business being in business. I was far better working in engineering."
Wayne worked with Steve Jobs at Atari before he, Jobs, and Wozniak founded Apple Computer on April 1, 1976. Serving as the venture's "adult supervision", Wayne drew the first Apple logo, wrote the three men's original partnership agreement, and wrote the Apple I manual.
Wayne received a 10% stake in Apple. Less than two weeks later, on April 12, 1976 he relinquished his equity for US$800. Legally, all members of a partnership are personally responsible for any debts incurred by any partner; unlike Jobs and Wozniak, then 21 and 25, Wayne had personal assets that potential creditors could seize. The failure of a slot machine company he had started five years earlier also contributed to his decision to exit the partnership.
Later in 1976, venture capitalist Arthur Rock and Mike Markkula helped develop an Apple business plan and converted the partnership to a corporation. A year after leaving Apple, Wayne received $1,500 for his agreement to forfeit any claims against the new company.
In 1976, its first year of operations, Apple's sales reached US$174,000. In 1977 sales rose to US$2.7 million, in 1978 to US$7.8 million, in 1980 to US$117 million and in 1982 to US$1 billion. In August 2018, Apple's value exceeded one trillion dollars, making it the most valuable U.S. company by far, and if Wayne had kept his 10% stock until then, it would have been worth tens of billions.
Wayne has stated that he does not regret selling his share of the company as he made the "best decision with the information available to me at the time". He also said he felt the Apple enterprise "would be successful, but at the same time there would be significant bumps along the way and I couldn't risk it. I had already had a rather unfortunate business experience before. I was getting too old and those two were whirlwinds. It was like having a tiger by the tail and I couldn't keep up with these guys."
After leaving Apple, Wayne resisted Jobs' attempts to get him to return, remaining at Atari until 1978, when he joined Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory and later an electronics company in Salinas, California.
Wayne retired to a mobile home park in Pahrump, Nevada selling stamps and rare coins in Pahrump. Wayne never owned an Apple product until 2011, when he was given an iPad 2 at the Update Conference in Brighton, England.
In the late 1970s, Wayne had run a stamp shop in Milpitas, California for a short time, Wayne's Philatelics. After a number of break-ins, he moved his stamp operations to Nevada. The logo for the business was a wood-cut style design, with a man sitting under an apple tree, with the "Wayne's Philatelics" name written in a flowing ribbon curved around the tree. This was the original logo he designed for Apple Computer.
In the early 1990s, Wayne sold the original Apple company agreement, signed in 1976 by Jobs, Wozniak and himself, for $500. In 2011, the contract was sold at auction for $1.6 million. Wayne has stated that it is the one thing he regrets about his involvement with Apple.
In July 2011, Wayne published a memoir titled, Adventures of an Apple Founder. Plans for initial exclusivity on the Apple iBookstore did not pan out.
...the product of decades of research and observation into the evolution of human governance, and the foundations of the American Constitutional Republic. Through this analysis, the reader is introduced to a complete, yet simplified understanding of the architecture of our Constitution, its foundations, principles, and the essential meaning of its structure all in the context of modern living.
Shortly after February 1974, Wayne came out as gay to Jobs, while both men were employees at Atari. Jobs later recalled, "It was my first encounter with someone who I knew was gay." Wayne said in 2011 that, "Nobody at Atari knew, and I could count on my toes and fingers the number of people I told in my whole life. But I guess it just felt right to tell him, that he would understand, and it didn't have any effect on our relationship."
- Martin, Emmie (2 August 2018). "Apple hit a $1 trillion market cap—here's why its third co-founder sold his 10% stake for $800". CNBC. Retrieved 2 August 2018.
- "Just nine of the world's richest men have more combined wealth than the poorest 4 billion people". The Independent. Retrieved 2 August 2018.
- Dave Lee, "Apple at 40: The forgotten founder who gave it all away". BBC News, April 1, 2016,
- "Bio". Ronald G Wayne official site. Archived from the original on February 23, 2015. Retrieved September 2, 2015.
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Twelve days after Wayne wrote the document that formally created Apple, he returned to the registrar's office and renounced his role in the company. When Jobs and Wozniak filed for incorporation a year later, Wayne received a letter asking him to officially forfeit any claims against the company, and he received another check, this time for $1,500.
- "US pensioner Ronald Wayne gave up £15bn slice of Apple". The Daily Telegraph. UK. April 23, 2010. Archived from the original on November 14, 2012. Retrieved September 2, 2015.
- Wozniak, Steve. "Letters-General Questions Answered". Steve Wozniak official site. Archived from the original on August 17, 2000. Scroll down to third letter.
- Simon, Dan (June 24, 2010). "The gambling man who co-founded Apple and left for $800". CNN. Archived from the original on June 26, 2010. Retrieved June 24, 2010.
Wayne left Apple for only $800. "What can I say? You make a decision based on your understanding of the circumstances, and you live with it," he said.
- Seibold, Chris (April 12, 2009). "April 12, 1976: Ron Wayne, Apple's Third Founder, Quits". Apple Matters. Archived from the original on February 1, 2015.
- Gillespie, Patrick (February 13, 2015). "Apple: First U.S. company worth $700 billion". CNN. Archived from the original on August 11, 2015. Retrieved February 13, 2015.
- Linzmayer, Owen W. "Chapter one: The Forgotten Founder". Apple Confidential: The Real Story of Apple Computer, Inc. No Starch Press via The Denver Post. Archived from the original on April 11, 2015. Retrieved March 31, 2010.
- "Pahrump Nevada Man Could Have Been Apple Billionaire now lives in Mobile Home Park". RealPaurump.com. June 25, 2010. Archived from the original on August 28, 2014. Retrieved July 5, 2010.
- Newman, Bruce (June 9, 2010). "For obscure Apple co-founder, misstep was a costly one". The Seattle Times. Archived from the original on August 31, 2011.
- Brian, Matt (September 11, 2011). "Apple's co-founder Ron Wayne on its genesis, his exit and the company's future". The Next Web. Retrieved September 13, 2011.
- "Sotheby's listing of the sold item". Sotheby's.
- Luo, Benny (September 12, 2013). "Ronald Wayne: On Co-founding Apple and Working With Steve Jobs". Nextshark.
- Blackden, Richard (December 13, 2011). "Apple's founding document sold for $1.59m at auction". The Daily Telegraph. Archived from the original on February 24, 2016.
- John C Abell (June 3, 2010). "Apple Co-Founder Ron Wayne's Long, Strange – and Sad – Trip". Wired. Archived from the original on October 27, 2014. Retrieved November 11, 2010.
- "Adventures of an Apple Founder on iTunes store". Ronald G Wayne. September 3, 2011. Archived from the original on October 1, 2011. Retrieved November 11, 2010.
- 512k Entertainment (January 1, 2008). "Life Before Apple". Archived from the original on September 2, 2015.
- Isaacson, Walter (2011). Steve Jobs. Simon & Schuster. p. 44. ISBN 978-1451648539.
- Official website
- Ron Wayne interview by OMT
- NPR report "Lost" Apple Founder Has No Regrets – June 13, 2010
- Ron Wayne, Apple Co-Founder, Shares Steve Jobs' "Richest Man in the Cemetery" Sentiment Almost Verbatim, Village Voice, October 8, 2011
- Ronald G. Wayne interviewed on the TV show Triangulation on the TWiT.tv network