Peter T. Kirstein
CBE, FREng, DFBCS
Peter Thomas Kirstein (born 1933) is a British computer scientist who played a role in the creation of the Internet; he is "often recognized as the father of the European Internet".
Born in Germany but brought up in England, he was educated at Highgate School in North London, received a B.A. from Cambridge University in 1954, an MSc and PhD in electrical engineering from Stanford University (in 1955 and 1957, respectively) and a D.Sc. in engineering from the University of London in 1970.
He was a member of the staff at CERN from 1959 to 1963. He did research for General Electric at Zurich from 1963 to 1967. He was a professor at the University of London from 1970 to 1973. After that, he joined the faculty at the University College London, where he has been ever since (serving as head of the computer science department from 1980 to 1994).
Kirstein's research group at University College London was one of the first international connections on the ARPANET in 1973, alongside Norwegian Seismic Array (NORSAR) and Sweden's Tanum Earth Station. Early in the development of the Internet, he co-authored (with Vint Cerf) one of the most significant early technical papers on the internetworking concept. His research group at UCL adopted TCP/IP in 1982, a year ahead of ARPANET, and played a significant role in the very earliest experimental Internet work.
He was awarded the CBE for his work on the Internet. He is also a Fellow of the Royal Academy of Engineering, a Fellow of the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, an Honorary Foreign Member of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, and a Distinguished Fellow of the British Computer Society. He has also received the SIGCOMM Award in 1999, and the Postel Award in 2003, as well as various other award for his contributions to the development of the Internet internationally.
- Internet in the United Kingdom § History
- Internet pioneers
- Sylvia Wilbur, a computer scientist who worked for Kirstein in his early ARPANET research
- "Peter Kirstein to receive Marconi Prize". Marconi Society. Archived from the original on 1 July 2015. Retrieved 22 August 2015.
- Highgate School Register 7th Edn 1833–1988, Ed. Patrick Hughes & Ian F Davies 1989
- Brown, Ian, ed. (2013). Research handbook on governance of the Internet. Edward Elgar. p. 7. ISBN 1849805040.
- Cerf, V. G.; Kirstein, P. T. (1978). "Issues in packet-network interconnection". Proceedings of the IEEE. 66 (11): 1386. doi:10.1109/PROC.1978.11147.
- Martin, Olivier (2012). The "Hidden" Prehistory of European Research Networking. Trafford Publishing. ISBN 1466938722.
- Kirstein, Peter T. "Early experiences with the ARPANET and Internet in the UK". Department of Computer Science, Systems and Networks Research Group, University College London. Retrieved 13 April 2016.
- Cade Metz (25 December 2012). "How the Queen of England Beat Everyone to the Internet". Wired. Archived from the original on 19 July 2014. Retrieved 27 June 2014.
- 2012 Inductees, Internet Hall of Fame website. Retrieved 24 April 2012