Outline of astronomy

Mauna Kea in Hawaii is one of the world's premier observatory sites. Pictured is the W. M. Keck Observatory, an optical interferometer.

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to astronomy:

Astronomy studies the universe beyond Earth, including its formation and development, and the evolution, physics, chemistry, meteorology, and motion of celestial objects (such as galaxies, planets, etc.) and phenomena that originate outside the atmosphere of Earth (such as the cosmic background radiation).

Nature of astronomy

Astronomy can be described as all the following:

Branches of astronomy

History of astronomy

Basic astronomical phenomena

Astronomical objects

Astronomical object

Solar system

The SunMercuryVenusThe MoonEarthMarsCeresThe main asteroid beltJupiterSaturnMoons of SaturnRings of SaturnUranusNeptunePlutoHaumeaMakemakeS/2015 (136472) 1The Kuiper BeltErisThe Scattered DiscThe Oort CloudSolar System Template Final.png

Sun

Sun

Planets

Small solar system bodies

Small Solar System body

Extrasolar planets

  • Extrasolar planet planet outside the Solar System. A total of 899 such planets (in 698 planetary systems, including 133 multiple planetary systems) have been identified as of 27 June 2013.
    • Super-Earth

Stars and stellar objects

Stars

Variable stars

Variable star

  • Pulsating
    • Cepheids and cepheid-like
      • Cepheid variable
      • Type II Cepheids
      • RR Lyrae variable
      • Delta Scuti variable
      • SX Phoenicis variable
    • Blue-white with early spectra
      • Beta Cephei variable
      • PV Telescopii variable
    • Long Period and Semiregular
    • Other
      • RV Tauri variable
      • Alpha Cygni variable
      • Pulsating white dwarf
  • Eruptive
    • Pre-main sequence star
    • Main Sequence
      • Wolf-Rayet star
      • Flare star
    • Giants and supergiants
    • Eruptive binary
      • RS Canum Venaticorum variable
    • Cataclysmic or explosive
      • Cataclysmic variable star
      • Dwarf nova
      • Nova
      • Supernova
      • Z Andromedae
  • Rotating
    • Non-spherical
      • Ellipsoidal
    • Stellar spots
      • FK Comae Berenices
      • BY Draconis variable
    • Magnetic fields
      • Alpha² Canum Venaticorum variable
      • SX Arietis
      • Pulsar
  • Eclipsing binary

Supernovae

Supernova

Black holes

Artist's representation of a black hole.

Black hole

Constellations

The 88 modern constellations

  • Andromeda
  • Antlia
  • Apus
  • Aquarius
  • Aquila
  • Ara
  • Aries
  • Auriga
  • Boötes
  • Caelum
  • Camelopardalis
  • Cancer
  • Canes Venatici
  • Canis Major
  • Canis Minor
  • Capricornus
  • Carina
  • Cassiopeia
  • Centaurus
  • Cepheus
  • Cetus
  • Chamaeleon
  • Circinus
  • Columba
  • Coma Berenices
  • Corona Australis
  • Corona Borealis
  • Corvus
  • Crater
  • Crux
  • Cygnus
  • Delphinus
  • Dorado
  • Draco
  • Equuleus
  • Eridanus
  • Fornax
  • Gemini
  • Grus
  • Hercules
  • Horologium
  • Hydra
  • Hydrus
  • Indus
  • Lacerta
  • Leo
  • Leo Minor
  • Lepus
  • Libra
  • Lupus
  • Lynx
  • Lyra
  • Mensa
  • Microscopium
  • Monoceros
  • Musca
  • Norma
  • Octans
  • Ophiuchus
  • Orion
  • Pavo
  • Pegasus
  • Perseus
  • Phoenix
  • Pictor
  • Pisces
  • Piscis Austrinus
  • Puppis
  • Pyxis
  • Reticulum
  • Sagitta
  • Sagittarius
  • Scorpius
  • Sculptor
  • Scutum
  • Serpens
  • Sextans
  • Taurus
  • Telescopium
  • Triangulum
  • Triangulum Australe
  • Tucana
  • Ursa Major
  • Ursa Minor
  • Vela
  • Virgo
  • Volans
  • Vulpecula

Constellation history

The 48 constellations listed by Ptolemy after 150 AD
  • Andromeda
  • Aquarius
  • Aquila
  • Ara
  • Argo Navis
  • Aries
  • Auriga
  • Boötes
  • Cancer
  • Canis Major
  • Canis Minor
  • Capricornus
  • Cassiopeia
  • Centaurus
  • Cepheus
  • Cetus
  • Corona Australis
  • Corona Borealis
  • Corvus
  • Crater
  • Cygnus
  • Delphinus
  • Draco
  • Equuleus
  • Eridanus
  • Gemini
  • Hercules
  • Hydra
  • Leo
  • Lepus
  • Libra
  • Lupus
  • Lyra
  • Ophiuchus
  • Orion
  • Pegasus
  • Perseus
  • Pisces
  • Piscis Austrinus
  • Sagitta
  • Sagittarius
  • Scorpius
  • Serpens
  • Taurus
  • Triangulum
  • Ursa Major
  • Ursa Minor
  • Virgo
The 41 additional constellations added in the 16th and 17th centuries
  • Vespucci or Corsalius early 16c: Crux
  • Triangulum Australe ▶ Vopel 1536: Coma Berenices Keyser & de Houtman 1596: Apus
  • Chamaeleon
  • Dorado
  • Grus
  • Hydrus
  • Indus
  • Musca
  • Pavo
  • Phoenix
  • Tucana
  • Volans ▶ Plancius 1613: Camelopardalis
  • Columba
  • Monoceros ▶ Habrecht 1621: Reticulum ▶ Hevelius 1683: Canes Venatici
  • Lacerta
  • Leo Minor
  • Lynx
  • Scutum
  • Sextans
  • Vulpecula ▶ de Lacaille 1763: Antlia
  • Caelum
  • Carina
  • Circinus
  • Fornax
  • Horologium
  • Mensa
  • Microscopium
  • Norma
  • Octans
  • Pictor
  • Puppis
  • Pyxis
  • Sculptor
  • Telescopium
  • Vela
Obsolete constellations including Ptolemy's Argo Navis

Obsolete constellations including Ptolemy's Argo Navis Anser

  • Antinous
  • Argo Navis
  • Asterion
  • Cancer Minor
  • Cerberus
  • Chara
  • Custos Messium
  • Felis
  • Frederici Honores/Gloria Frederici
  • Gallus
  • Globus Aerostaticus
  • Jordanus
  • Lochium Funis
  • Machina Electrica
  • Malus
  • Mons Maenalus
  • Musca Borealis
  • Noctua
  • Officina Typographica
  • Polophylax
  • Psalterium Georgianum/Harpa Georgii
  • Quadrans Muralis
  • Ramus Pomifer
  • Robur Carolinum
  • Sceptrum Brandenburgicum
  • Sceptrum et Manus Iustitiae
  • Solarium
  • Rangifer/Tarandus
  • Taurus Poniatovii
  • Telescopium Herschelii
  • Testudo
  • Tigris
  • Triangulum Minus
  • Turdus Solitarius
  • Vespa
  • Vultur cadens
  • Vultur volans

Clusters and nebulae

Galaxies

Cosmology

Space exploration

See: Outline of space exploration

Organizations

Public sector space agencies

Space agencies

Africa
North Africa
  • Algeria Algerian Space Agency
  • Egypt National Authority for Remote Sensing and Space Sciences
  • Egypt Remote Sensing Center
  • Morocco Royal Centre for Remote Sensing
  • Tunisia National Remote Sensing Center
Sub-Saharan
Americas
North America
South America
Asia
East Asia
Southeast Asia
South Asia
Southwest Asia
Central Asia
Europe
Oceania
World

1 Preceded by the Soviet space program

Books and publications

Astronomers

See also

References

  1. "astrophysics". Merriam-Webster, Incorporated. Retrieved 2011-05-22.
This article is issued from Wikipedia. The text is licensed under Creative Commons - Attribution - Sharealike. Additional terms may apply for the media files.