# Logical constant

In logic, a **logical constant** of a language
is a symbol that has the same semantic value under every interpretation of
. Two important types of logical constants are logical connectives and quantifiers. The equality predicate (usually written '=') is also treated as a logical constant in many systems of logic. One of the fundamental questions in the philosophy of logic is "What is a logical constant?"; that is, what special feature of certain constants makes them *logical* in nature?^{[1]}

Some symbols that are commonly treated as logical constants are:

Symbol | Meaning in English |
---|---|

T | "true" |

F | "false" |

¬ | "not" |

∧ | "and" |

∨ | "or" |

→ | "implies", "if...then" |

∀ | "for all" |

∃ | "there exists", "for some" |

= | "equals" |

"necessarily" | |

"possibly" |

Many of these logical constants are sometimes denoted by alternate symbols (*e.g.*, the use of the symbol "&" rather than "∧" to denote the logical and).

## See also

## References

- ↑ Carnap

## External links

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