List of open-source health software

The following is a list of software packages and applications licensed under an open-source license or in the public domain for use in the health care industry.

Public health and biosurveillance

Electronic records and medical practice management

Name Maintainer License Programming language/
Software stack
Operating System Features Target setting
EHR/EMR HIS? Practice management? Other
ClearHealth ClearHealth Inc.[4] GNU GPL[4] PHP, JavaScript[5] ? EMR ? Scheduling & billing HIPAA security
CottageMed ? GNU GPL[6] FileMaker Cross-platform[6] EMR[6] ? ? Prescriptions[6]
FreeMED FreeMED Software Foundation[7] GNU GPL[8] ? ? Yes ? Yes HIPAA compliant
FreeMedForms EMR ? Debian-compatible[9] ? Cross-platform[9] EMR ? ? Medical software suite International
ERPNext Frappe Technologies GNU GPL[10] Python; JavaScript ? EMR Yes Yes
GaiaEHR ? GNU GPL[11] PHP & Ext JS ? EHR ? ?
GNUmed GNUmed GNU GPL[12] Python (wxPython); PostgreSQL[12] Cross-platform[12] Yes[12] No ?
GNU Health GNU Health (GNU Project) GNU GPL[13] Python (wxPython); PostgreSQL Cross-platform EMR[13] Yes[13] Yes[13]
Hospital OS ? GNU GPL[14] Java[14] Linux & Windows[14] ? Yes ? Small Thai hospitals[14]
HospitalRun ? GNU GPL[15] JavaScript ? EMR ? ? Offline-first Hospitals in developing countries
HOSxP ? Public domain[16] Delphi/Kylix[16] Windows[16] EHR Yes[16] Financial[16] Thai hospitals[16]
MedinTux MedinTux team[17] CeCILL[17] C++[18] Cross-platform[19] ? ? Yes Modular design; web[20] & desktop interfaces French hospital emergency departments & smaller practices
Odoo Medical LasLabs & Odoo Community Association[21] Affero GPL[21] Odoo[21] ? ? Yes ? Family medicine & primary healthcare
OpenClinic ? GNU GPL[22] PHP, JavaScript[22] Cross-platform[22] EMR ? ? Private clinics[22]
OpenEMR ? GNU GPL[23] PHP, JavaScript; MySQL[24] Cross-platform[23] EMR[23] ? Yes[23] Patient portal & prescriptions[23]
Open-eObs OpusVL[25] GNU AGPL[26] Odoo; Python, JavaScript[27] Cross-platform Integrated with HL7 ADT connector Ward-level No Real-time patient view and NEWS / NEWS2 National Health Service
Open Dental Open Dental Software[28] GNU GPL[28] ? ? Dental record No Yes Dentistry
OpenEyes ? GNU GPL[29] ? ? EMR ? ? Ophthalmology
OpenHospital Informatici Senza Frontiere[30] GNU GPL[30] Java[30] Cross-platform[30] EMR Yes Yes Small rural hospitals
openMAXIMS ? GNU AGPL[31] ? ? Yes Patient administration system ? Scalable Used in the National Health Service and applicable to other health systems
OpenMRS OpenMRS Inc.[32] MPL with Healthcare Disclaimer[32] Java ? EMR ? ? Extensible & scalable
OSCAR McMaster ? GNU GPL[33] Java ? EMR[33] ? Billing Web interface; PHR[33] Canadian healthcare providers
OSEHRA VistA OSEHRA[34] Apache[35] ? ? EHR[34] ? ? Non-governmental use
PopHealth OSEHRA Apache[36] ? ? Reporting engine No No Clinical Quality Measure database; web interface
Ripple Ripple Foundation[37] Apache[37] JavaScript (Node.js)[37] ? Yes ? ? Integrated digital care record platform National Health Service
SMART Pediatric Growth Chart Boston Children's Hospital[38] Apache[38] JavaScript[39] ? Growth charts ? ? FHIR-based Pediatrics
Spinnaker Dental IT Ltd[40] GNU GPL[40] ? ? Dental record ? Yes Open Dental fork[41] UK dental practices[41]
THIRRA ? MPL[42] PHP5 (CodeIgniter), JavaScript (jQuery);[42] PostgreSQL ? EHR[42] ? ? Disease surveillance;[42] web interface Ambulatory care & public health[42]
VistA US Department of Veterans Affairs Free[34] ? ? EHR ? ? Veterans Health Administration facilities
WorldVistA WorldVistA[34] GNU GPL[43] ? ? EHR[34] ? with VistA-Edge PMS Non-governmental use
ZEPRS Zcore Research Triangle Institute[44] Apache[44] Java[44] ? Yes ? ? Web interface

Health system management

  • iHRIS is an integrated Human Resource Information System developed by IntraHealth International under USAID-funded CapacityPlus project and deployed in more than 20 countries in the world.[45] iHRIS is distributed under the GNU GPL.[46]
  • DHIS is a district health management information system and data warehouse. DHIS2 is released under the BSD license.[47]
  • HRHIS is a human resource for health information system for management of human resources for health developed by University of Dar es Salaam college of information and communication technology, Department of Computer Science and Engineering, for Ministry of Health and Social Welfare (Tanzania) and funded by the Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA).

Prescriptions and medicines management

  • OpenEP is a suite of medicines management apps that improve the safety and efficiency of prescribing and medicines management. It is available under the GNU AGPL.[48]

Disease management

  • Breathing Games is a series of research-backed, co-created games to prevent, diagnose and treat chronic respiratory diseases. They are released under the Peer Production licence.[49]
  • Nightscout is a collection of software tools, including mobile clients, to enable DIY cloud-based continuous glucose monitoring “…for informational and educational purposes.”[50] Individual components are available under various open-source licenses, including the GNU GPL,[51] GNU AGPL,[52] MIT License,[53] and BSD licenses.[54]

Imaging/visualization

  • CamBA is a collection of neuroimaging pipelines distributed under the GNU GPL.[55]
  • dcm4che is a DICOM based collection of Java applications and utilities for the healthcare enterprise. It is licensed under the GNU LGPL, GNU GPL, and Mozilla Public License.[56]
  • Drishti is a volumetric visualization package for viewing computer tomography data. Able to import DICOM image stacks. It is available under the MIT license.[57]
  • Endrov Image and data viewer and editor. It is available under the BSD license.[58]
  • GIMIAS is a workflow-oriented environment focused on biomedical image computing and simulation. It is available under a BSD-style license.[59]
  • Ginkgo CADx Cross-platform open source DICOM viewer and dicomizer. It is available under the GNU LGPL.[60]
  • Horos is a DICOM medical image viewer. It is available under the GNU LGPL.[61]
  • ImageVis3D volume rendering software for interactive visualization. It is available under the MIT license.[62]
  • Insight Segmentation and Registration Toolkit (ITK) v4.0+ is released under the Apache license.[63]
  • InVesalius 3D medical imaging reconstruction software. It is available under the GNU GPL.[64]
  • ITK-SNAP Interactive software for 3D image navigation, annotation, and automatic segmentation. It is available under the GNU GPL.[65]
  • MITK Medical Imaging Interaction Toolkit for interactive medical image processing. It is available under a BSD-style license.[66]
  • Orthanc – Lightweight, RESTful DICOM server for medical imaging. It is available under the GNU GPL with OpenSSL exception; plugins may be released under other licenses.[67]
  • OsiriX 3D DICOM medical viewer for Mac OS X. Complete DICOM Viewer with DICOM network support.
  • ParaView large-scale visualization tool. It is available under the BSD license.[68]
  • 3DSlicer Platform for medical image visualization and algorithm development. DICOM support, segmentation and registration, Diffusion MRI processing, and image guided surgery support. It is available under a BSD-style license.[69]
  • Voreen volume rendering engine—a library for visually exploring volume data sets. DICOM is supported and Voreen is used in medical visualization as well as for visualizing electron microscopy data. It is available under the GNU GPL.[70]
  • VTK is a visualization toolkit available under the BSD license.[71]
  • Xebra is a medical imaging thin client available under the GNU GPL.[72]

Medical information systems

  • Bika is an ISO 17025 laboratory information management system (LIMS) that combines web content management and workflow processing. It is available under the GNU GPL.[73]
  • Caisis is a web-based information system for the storage and analysis of cancer patient data intended to bridge the gap between clinic and research. It is available under the GNU GPL.[74]
  • cTAKES ("clinical Text Analysis Knowledge Extraction Software") is a natural language processing system for extracting information from electronic medical record clinical free-text, an Apache top level project (TLP) since 2013, developed by the Mayo Clinic and others. It is available under the Apache license.[75]
  • MEDIC Client Registry RI is the Mohawk College MARC-HI/MEDIC Client Registry EMPI Implementation. It is available under the Apache license.[76]

Research

  • ADAM is a genomics analysis platform with a focus on scalability and interoperability. It is available under the Apache license.[77]
  • Bcbio is community developed genomics system that handles the data processing component of sequencing analysis. It is available under the MIT license.[78]
  • Galaxy is a web platform for data-intensive biology using geographically-distributed supercomputers.[79]
  • i2b2 is a National Institutes of Health-funded informatics framework for clinical genomics researchers. It is available under the i2b2 Software License.[80]
  • LabKey Server is an extensible platform for integrating, analyzing and sharing all types of biomedical research data. It provides secure, web-based access to research data and includes a customizable data processing pipeline. It is distributed under the Apache license.[81]
  • Open cancer is a cancer data management aiming to provide open data models, clinical pathways, prognostic scoring, and auto-identification of trial patients.
  • Wregex is an amino acid motif searching software for weighted regular expressions. It is available under the GNU GPL.[82]
  • Phoenix CTMS is an integrated CTMS/CDMS and subject registry platform, available under LGPL.[83]

Mobile devices

  • Glucosio allows people with diabetes to track their glucose levels while supporting diabetes research via Android or iOS mobile apps. The apps are released under the GNU GPL.[84]
  • Medic Mobile combines SMS messaging, data collection, and analytics for health workers and health systems in hard-to-reach areas with or without internet connectivity. The web app is available under the Apache License.[85]
  • OpenAPS is a set of development tools and documentation to support a DIY implementation of an artificial pancreas for people with Type 1 Diabetes. Common setups include the interfacing of CGMs, Insulin Pumps, and Raspberry Pi devices. It is released under the MIT license, but compatible medical devices are proprietary.[86]
  • Ushahidi allows people to submit crisis information through text messaging using a mobile phone, email or web form. Displays information in map view. It is released under the GNU Affero General Public License, but some libraries use different licenses.[87]

Out-of-the-box distributions

Interoperability

Specifications

See also

References

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Further reading

  • "Medical Free/Libre and Open Source Software". IMIA Open Source Working Group. Retrieved 3 July 2017.
  • Millard, Peter S.; Bru, Juan; Berger, Christopher A. (4 July 2012). "Open-source point-of-care electronic medical records for use in resource-limited settings: systematic review and questionnaire surveys". BMJ Open. 2 (4): e000690. doi:10.1136/bmjopen-2011-000690. PMC 3391372. PMID 22763661.
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