List of environmental issues

This is an alphabetical list of environmental issues, harmful aspects of human activity on the biophysical environment. They are loosely divided into causes, effects and mitigation, noting that effects are interconnected and can cause new effects.

Issues

Effects

Air pollution — Environmental impact of the coal industry • Environmental impact of hydraulic fracturing • Indoor air quality • Smog • Tropospheric ozone • Volatile organic compound Atmospheric particulate matter CFCBiological effects of UV exposure
Light pollution • Visual pollution
Noise pollution
Soil pollutionAlkali soilBrownfield • Residual Sodium Carbonate Index • Soil conservation • Soil erosionSoil contaminationSoil salination • Superfund • Superfund sites
Water pollutionAcid rainAgricultural runoffAlgal bloom • Environmental impact of the coal industry • Environmental impact of hydraulic fracturing• EutrophicationFish kill • Groundwater pollution • Groundwater rechargeMarine debrisMarine pollution • Mercury in fish • Microplastics • Nutrient pollution • Ocean acidificationOcean dumpingOil spillsSoda lakeShip pollution • Thermal pollution • Urban runoff • Wastewater
Space debrisInterplanetary contamination * Ozone depletion
  • Resource depletion — Exploitation of natural resources • Overdrafting (groundwater) •Overexploitation
Consumerism — Consumer capitalism • Planned obsolescence • Over-consumption
FishingBlast fishing • Bottom trawling • Cyanide fishing • Ghost nets • Illegal, unreported and unregulated fishing • Overfishing • Shark finning • Whaling
Logging — Clearcutting • Deforestation • Illegal logging
Mining — Acid mine drainage • Environmental impact of hydraulic fracturing • Mountaintop removal mining • Slurry impoundments
Water (depletion) — Anoxic waters • Aral SeaCalifornia Water Wars • Dead Sea • Lake Chad • Water scarcity

Mitigation

See also

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