List of cartographers

Cartography is the study of map making and cartographers are map makers.

Before 1400

Modern rendering of Anaximander's 6th century BC world map
Ptolemy's 150 CE world map (as redrawn in the 15th century)
  • Anaximander, Greek Anatolia (610 BC–546 BC), first to attempt making a map of the known world
  • Hecataeus of Miletus, Greek Anatolia (550 BC–476 BC), geographer, cartographer, and early ethnographer
  • Dicaearchus, Greece (c. 350 BC–285 BC), philosopher, cartographer, geographer, mathematician, author
  • Eratosthenes, Ptolemaic Egypt (276 BC–194 BC), Greek scientist, mathematician, geographer, and cartographer
  • Hipparchus, Greece (190 BC–120 BC), astronomer, cartographer, geographer
  • Liu An, China (179 BC–122 BC), geographer, cartographer, author of the Huainanzi
  • Marinus of Tyre, Roman Syria (c. AD 70–130), Greek[1] geographer, cartographer and mathematician, who founded mathematical geography
  • Ptolemy, Ptolemaic Egypt (c. 85–165), Greek astronomer, cartographer, and geographer
  • Pei Xiu (224-271), Chinese geographer and cartographer
  • Isidore of Seville, Hispania (560–636)
  • al-Khwārazmī, Caliphate (9th century), Persian cartographer, geographer, and polymath.
  • Su Song, China (1020–1101), horologist and engineer; as a Song dynasty diplomat, he used his knowledge of cartography and map-making to solve territorial border disputes with the rival Liao dynasty
  • Shen Kuo, China (1031–1095), polymath scientist and statesman, author of the Dream Pool Essays, which included a large atlas of China and foreign regions, and also made a three-dimensional raised-relief map
  • al-Idrisi, Sicily (1100–1166), Arab cartographer, geographer and traveller
  • Maximus Planudes, Byzantine Empire (13th century), a monk credited with restoring the texts and maps of Ptolemy
  • Petrus Vesconte, Genoese cartographer, author of the oldest signed Portolan chart (1311)
  • Angelino Dulcert (14th century), author of the earliest known Majorcan portolan charts of the Mediterranean

15th century

First world map of Piri Reis
Martin Behaim's 1492 world map
  • Jacobus Angelus, Florence, translated Ptolemy into Latin c.1406
  • Martin Behaim (Germany, 1436–1507)
  • Benedetto Bordone (Venetian Republic (1460–1551)
  • Sebastian Cabot (1476–1557), Venetian explorer
  • Erhard Etzlaub (1460–1532)
  • Leonardo da Vinci (Italy, 1452–1519)
  • Henricus Martellus Germanus (Germany, fl. 1480–1496)
  • Donnus Nicholas Germanus (Germany, fl. 1460–1475)
  • Fra Mauro (Venice, c. 1459)
  • Piri Reis (Dardanelles, Ottoman Empire, 1465–1554/1555)
  • Johannes Ruysch (Netherlands, c 1466–1530), explorer, cartographer, astronomer, manuscript illustrator and painter
  • Hartmann Schedel (Germany, 1440–1514)
  • Amerigo Vespucci (Republic of Florence, 1454–1512)
  • Johannes Werner (Germany, 1466–1528), refined and promoted the Werner map projection
  • Martin Waldseemüller (Germany, c. 1470–c. 1521/1522)
  • Gabriel de Valseca (15th century), Majorcan, author of several portolan charts of the Mediterranean
  • Grazioso Benincasa (15th century), Venetian (?), author of several portolan charts of the Mediterranean

16th century

Battista Agnese's 1544 world map
Jodocus Hondius' Leo Belgicus (1611)
Gerardus Mercator's 1587 world map
World map from the Theatrum Orbis Terrarum by Abraham Ortelius
  • Giovanni Battista Agnese (c. 1500–1564), Genoese, cartographer, author of numerous nautical atlases
  • Hacı Ahmet, Tunisian cartographer, translated 16th c. map into Turkish for the Ottoman Empire.
  • Peter Apian (1495–1552), also known as Peter Bienewitz, German geographer and astronomer, author of the Apianus projection
  • Philipp Apian (1531–1589)
  • Joost Janszoon Bilhamer (Netherlands, 1541–1590)
  • Willem Janszoon Blaeu (Netherlands, 1571–1638), father of Joan Blaeu
  • Giovanni Battista Boazio, mapped Sir Francis Drake's voyage to the West Indies and America
  • Jacob Roelofs van Deventer (Netherlands, c 1510/15–1575)
  • Fernão Vaz Dourado (India, c. 1520–c. 1580), Portuguese cartographer of the school initiated by Lopo Homem
  • Oronce Finé (France, 1494–1555)
  • Gemma Frisius (or Reiner Gemma) (Netherlands, 1508–1555)
  • Martin Helwig (Germany, 1516–1574)
  • Augustin Hirschvogel (Germany, 1503–1553)
  • Lopo Homem (Portugal?–1565), co-author, with the Reinel family, of the well-known Miller Atlas
  • Diogo Homem (Portugal 1521–1576), cartographer, son of Lopo Homem
  • Jodocus Hondius (Netherlands, 1563–1612)
  • Johannes Honterus (Transylvania, 1498–1549)
  • Gerard de Jode (Netherlands, 1509–1591)
  • Jacques le Moyne (France, ca. 1533–1588)
  • Guillaume Le Testu (France, ca. 1509–1573)
  • Jacobus Pentius de Leucho (Italy)
  • Gerardus Mercator (Netherlands, 1512–1594)
  • Sebastian Münster (Germany, 1488–1552)
  • Abraham Ortelius (France, 1527–1598), generally recognized as the creator of the first modern atlas
  • Petrus Plancius (Netherlands, 1552–1622)
  • Timothy Pont (Scotland, 1565–1614)
  • Pedro Reinel (Portugal ?–c. 1542), author of the oldest signed Portuguese nautical chart
  • Jorge Reinel (Portugal c. 1502–c. 1572), Portuguese cartographer, son of Pedro Reinel
  • Diogo Ribeiro (Portugal, ?–Sevilha, 1533), author of the first known planisphere with a graduated Equator (1527)
  • Sebastião Lopes (Portugal 16th century), Portuguese cartographer and cosmographer
  • Christopher Saxton (England, born c 1540)
  • John Speed (England, 1542–1629)
  • Fernando Álvares Seco (Portugal?–?), signed the oldest known map of Portugal, reproduced in various editions of Abraham Ortelius's Theatrum Orbis Terrarum
  • Bernardus Sylvanus (Italy)
  • Luís Teixeira (Portugal ?–?), author of an important atlas of Brazil
  • Bartolomeu Velho (Portugal ?–1568), cosmographer and cartographer
  • Lucas Janszoon Waghenaer (Netherlands, 1533/34–1605/06), driver, cartographer
  • Edward Wright (mathematician) (England, 1561–1615), mathematician and cartographer

17th century

Willem Blaeu and Johannes Blaeu's 1606–26 world map
Herman Moll's A new map of the whole world with the trade winds (1736)
Frederik de Wit's 1670 world map
  • Pieter van der Aa (Netherlands, 1659–1733)
  • João Teixeira Albernaz I (Portugal, died c. 1664), prolific cartographer, son of Luís Teixeira
  • João Teixeira Albernaz II (Portugal, died c. 1699), Portuguese cartographer
  • Pedro Teixeira Albernaz (Portugal, c. 1595–1662), Portuguese cartographer author of an important atlas of the Iberian Peninsula and a map of Portugal (1656)
  • Guillaume Le Vasseur de Beauplan (France, c. 1600–1673), French cartographer who created first descriptive map of Ukraine[2][3]
  • Johannes Blaeu (Netherlands, 1596–1673)
  • Vincenzo Coronelli (Venetian, 1650–1718)
  • Guillaume Delisle (French, 1675–1726)
  • Petter Gedda (Sweden, 1661–1697)
  • Hessel Gerritsz (Netherlands, 1581–1632), cartographer for the VOC
  • Isaak de Graaff (Netherlands, 1668–1743), cartographer for the VOC
  • Johann Homann (Germany, 1664–1724), geographer
  • Henricus Hondius (Netherlands, 1597–1651)[4]
  • Willem Hondius (Netherlands, 1598–1652/58)
  • Johannes Janssonius (Netherlands, 1588–1664)
  • Johannes van Keulen (Netherlands, 1654–1715)
  • Joannes de Laet (Netherlands, 1581–1649)
  • Michael van Langren (Netherlands, 1600–1675)
  • Alain Manesson Mallet (France, 1630–1706)
  • Matthäus Merian Sr. (Switzerland, 1593–1650) and Jr. (Switzerland, 1621–1687)
  • Herman Moll (Germany?/England, 1654–1732)
  • Robert Morden (England, 1650-1703)
  • Dirck Rembrantsz van Nierop (Netherlands, 1610–1682), cartographer, mathematician and astronomist
  • Jean-Baptiste Nolin (France, c.1657–1708)
  • John Ogilby (Scotland, 1600–1676)
  • Henry Popple (England, 16xx-1743, see https://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Henry_Popple)
  • Nicolas Sanson (France, 1600–1667)
  • Peter Schenk the Elder (Germany, 1660–1718/19)
  • Johannes Vingboons (Netherlands, 1616/17–1670), cartographer and aquarellist
  • Georg Matthäus Vischer (Austria, 1628–1696), cartographer, topographer and engraver
  • Claes Jansz Visscher (Netherlands, 1587–1652)
  • Nicolaes Visscher I (Netherlands, 1618–1679)
  • Frederik de Wit (Netherlands, 1610/16–1698)
  • Nicolaes Witsen (Netherlands, 1641–1717), diplomat, cartographer, writer and mayor of Amsterdam
  • Giovanni Cassini (a.k.a. Cassini I, Italy & France, 1625–1712)
  • Jacques Cassini (a.k.a. Cassini II, France, 1677–1756)

18th century

Jacques-Nicolas Bellin: Carte réduite de l'océan septentrional..., from: L'hydrographie françoise, Paris 1766
Jean Baptiste Bourguignon d'Anville: Troisième partie de la carte d'Asie, contenant la Sibérie, et quelques autres parties de la Tartarie, Paris (1753)
Plan du Jardin & Vue des Maisons de Chiswick, 1736, by John Rocque V&A Museum no. E.352-1944
A survey of Boston Harbor from Atlantic Neptune by Colonel Joseph Frederick Wallet DesBarres
  • John Senex (1690–1740), engraver, publisher, surveyor and geographer to Queen Anne[5]
  • John Lodge Cowley, cartographer, mathematician and geographer
  • Emanuel Bowen (1693/4–1767), engraver and map maker[6]
  • Joseph Frederick Wallet DesBarres (1721–1824), created Atlantic Neptune
  • Giambattista (Giovanni Battista) Albrizzi (Venice, 1698–1777), publisher of illustrated books and maps
  • Sieur le Rouge map c1740[7]
  • John Gibson (cartographer), map c. 1758[8]
  • Jacques-Nicolas Bellin (1703–1772), chief cartographer to the French navy
  • William Bligh (England, 1754–57 December 1817), Ships Master during the infamous Bounty mutiny and noted free-hand cartographer
  • Rigobert Bonne (France, 1727–1795), Royal Cartographer to France in the office of the Hydrographer at Depot de la Marine
  • Jean Baptiste Bourguignon d'Anville (France, 1697–1782)
  • Don Tomas Lopez de Vargas Machuca (Spain, 1730–1802)[9]
  • Lourenco Homem da Cunha d’Eca, created Carta militar das principaes estradas de Portugal, 1808
  • Abel Buell (1742–1822), published the first map of the new United States created by an American
  • Dimitrie Cantemir (Moldavia and Russia, 1673–1723)
  • César-François Cassini de Thury (a.k.a. Cassini III, France, 1714–1784)
  • Jean-Dominique Cassini (a.k.a. Cassini IV, France, 1748–1845)
  • Edme Mentelle (France, 1730–1816)
  • Pierre Gilles Chanlair (France, 1758–1817)[10]
  • James Cook (Captain RN) (1728–1779), navigator and naval chart maker
  • Simeon De Witt (1756–1834), successor to Robert Erskine and Surveyor-General of the State of New York
  • Johann Friedrich Endersch (Germany, fl. 1755)
  • Colonel Robert Erskine (1735–1780), geographer and Surveyor-General of the Continental Army during the American Revolution
  • Joseph de Ferraris (1726–1814), Austrian cartographer of the Austrian Netherlands
  • Joseph Marx Baron von Liechtenstern (Austria, 1765–1828)
  • Louis Feuillée (France, 1660–1732)
  • J. Flyn "New and Correct Plan of London", 1770
  • Samuel Gustaf Hermelin (Sweden, 1744–1820)[11]
  • Thomas Jefferys (England, c. 1710–1771), geographer of King George III of the United Kingdom
  • William Faden (England, 1749–1836), successor to Thomas Jefferys
  • Murdoch McKenzie (Scotland, died 1797)
  • John Mitchell (1711–1768), colonial British American mapmaker
  • Thomas Livingstone Mitchell (England, 1792–1855)
  • Carlton Osgood (United States, †1816)
  • Adriaan Reland (Netherlands, 1676–1718), linguist and cartographer
  • Thomas Richardson (Scotland)
  • Dider Robert de Vaugondy (France, 1688–1766)
  • John Rocque (England, 1709–1762)
  • David Watson, surveyed Scotland post 1747 to produce The Duke of Cumberland's Map
  • William Roy (England, 1726–1790)
  • William Mudge (England, 1762–1820)
  • Thomas Frederick Colby (England, 1784–1852)
  • Matthäus Seutter (Germany, 1678–1757)
  • Friedrich Wilhelm Carl von Schmettau (1743–1806)
  • Matthias Seutter (Germany, 1678–1757)
  • Daniel-Charles Trudaine (France, 1703–1769)
  • Philip Johan von Strahlenberg (1676–1747)
  • Thomas Kitchin (1718–1784), London-based cartographer and engraver of maps of England, greater Europe, and parts of the British Empire.; at one time held the titles "Senior Hydrographer to His Majesty" and "Senior Engraver to His Royal Highness the Duke of York"[12]
  • Friedrich Christoph Müller (Germany, 1751–1808)
  • Alexander Wilbrecht (Russia, 1757–1823), geographer of the Geographic Department of the Cabinet of Her Imperial Majesty
  • George Washington (United States of America, 1732–1799), first president of the United States; cartographer
  • Henri Michelot (France, born c. 1664), Marseilles, France, hydrographer and pilot of the Royal Galley

19th century

Moule's map of the hundreds of Monmouthshire, c. 1831
A 1912 map of the Russian Empire by Yuly Shokalsky
  • John James Abert (United States, 1788–1863), headed the Corps of Topographical Engineers for 32 years and organized the mapping of the American West
  • John Arrowsmith (England, 1790–1873), member of the Arrowsmith family of geographers
  • Louis Albert Guislain Bacler d'Albe (France, 1761–1824), also artist and longtime strategic advisor to Napoleon
  • John Bartholomew the elder(26 April 1805 – 8 April 1861) was a Scottish cartographer and engraver.
  • Henry Peter Bosse (Germany/United States, 1844–1903), also photographer and civil engineer
  • George Bradshaw (England, 1801–1853)
  • Agostino Codazzi (Italy, 1793–1858)
  • J. H. Colton (United States, 1800–1893)
  • James Ireland Craig, Craig retroazimuthal projection
  • Carl Diercke (1842–1913)
  • Louis Isidore Duperrey (French, 1786–1865)
  • Percy Fawcett (1867–1925), British explorer of South America
  • Fielding Lucas, Jr. (c. 1781–1854), of the Lucas Brothers, Baltimore, USA
  • Matthew Flinders (British, 1774–1814), Royal Navy officer; circumnavigated Australia and made exploration of the Australian coastline
  • Matthew Fontaine Maury (United States, 1806–1873), U.S. Navy officer; also oceanographer, meteorologist, cartographer, author, geologist, and educator
  • Thaddeus Mortimer Fowler (1842–1922), American producer of pictorial maps[13]
  • Björn Gunnlaugsson (Iceland, 1788–1876)
  • Charles F. Hoffmann (Germany/United States, 1838–1913)
  • William Hughes (geographer) FRGS (1818 – 21 May 1876) was an English geographer, mapmaker, cartographer and author.
  • Pierre Jacotin (France, 1765–1829)
  • Felix Jones (England, 1813–1878)
  • Peter Kozler (Slovenia, 1824–1879), lawyer, geographer, politician, manufacturer
  • Victor Adolphe Malte-Brun (France, 1816–1889)
  • Heinrich Theodor Menke (Germany, 1819–1892)
  • Robert Moresby (England, 1794–1863)
  • Thomas Moule (England, 1784–1851)
  • August Heinrich Petermann(18 April 1822 – 25 September 1878) was a German cartographer.
  • George Philip, (1800–1882) was a cartographer, map publisher and founder of the publishing house George Philip & Son Ltd.
  • Yuly Shokalsky (Russia, 1856–1940), also oceanographer and geographer
  • Karl Spruner von Merz (Germany, 1803–1892)
  • Jacob Swart (Netherlands, 1796–1866)
  • John Tallis and Company (England, 1838–1851)
  • David Thompson (British–Canadian, 1770–1857)
  • Nicolas Auguste Tissot (France, 1824–1897), devised Tissot's indicatrix
  • Philippe Vandermaelen (Belgium, 1795–1869)
  • Edward A. Vincent (England/United States, c. 1825–27 November 1856), cartographer, civil engineer, architect
  • James Wilson (United States, 1763–1835), first maker of globes in the United States
  • Nain Singh Rawat: Indian cartographer
  • Cope, Emmor B: Gettysburg Battlefield cartographer and first Gettysburg National Military Park superintendent
  • Alexandre Vuillemin (France, 1812–1880)
  • John Francon Williams FRGS (1854 – 4 September 1911) was an editor, journalist, writer, geographer, historian, cartographer and inventor.
  • James Wyld (England, 1812–1887)
  • Hatsusaburō Yoshida (Japan, 1884-1955)

20th century

George Comer's 1913 map of Southampton Island
  • Jacques Bertin (France, 1918–2010)
  • Josef Breu (Austria, 1914–1998)
  • Roger Brunet (1931– )
  • Bernard J. S. Cahill (1867–1944), inventor of octahedral "Butterfly Map" of the world
  • Leslie George Bullock (1895-1971)
  • George Comer (1858–1937)
  • James Ireland Craig (1868–1952), inventor of the Craig retroazimuthal projection, otherwise known as the Mecca projection
  • John Paul Goode (1862–1932), created the "Evil Mercator" and Goode’s World Atlas
  • Max Eckert-Greifendorff (Germany, 1868–1938)
  • Hermann Haack (Germany, 1872–1966)
  • Günther Hake (1922–2000)
  • Richard Edes Harrison (1901–1994)
  • Tom Harrisson (1911–1976)
  • Eduard Imhof (1895–1986), oversaw the Schweizerischer Mittelschulatlas, the atlas used in Swiss high schools from 1932 until 1976
  • George F. Jenks (1916–1996)
  • Elrey Borge Jeppesen (1907–1996)
  • Ingrid Kretschmer (1939–2011)
  • Edgar Lehmann (1905–1990)
  • John P. Snyder (1926–1997), developed the space oblique mercator projection
  • Rudi Ogrissek (1926–1999)
  • Rafael Palacios (1905–1993), prolific map-drawer for major US publishers
  • Erwin Raisz (1893–1968)
  • Arthur H. Robinson (1915–2004), wrote the influential textbook Elements of Cartography and developed the Robinson projection
  • William R. Shepherd (1871–1934)
  • John C. Sherman (1916–1996)
  • Jessamine Shumate (1902–1990)
  • Marie Tharp (1920–2006), oceanographic cartographer
  • Bradford Washburn (1910–2007)
  • David Woodward (1942–2004)

21st century

See also

References

  1. Hubert Cancik and Helmuth Schneider (ed.): "Marinus", Brill's New Pauly, Brill, 2010: M. of Tyre (Μαρῖνος; Marînos), Greek geographer, 2nd century AD
  2. "General Depiction of the Empty Plains (in Common Parlance, the Ukraine) Together with its Neighboring Provinces". World Digital Library. Retrieved 20 January 2013.
  3. Borschak, Elie. "Beauplan, Guillaume Le Vasseur de". Internet Encyclopedia of Ukraine. Retrieved 20 January 2013.
  4. "Venezuela with the Southern Part of New Andalusia". World Digital Library. 1612–1699. Retrieved 2013-10-25.
  5. John Senex
  6. Emanuel Bowen
  7. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 1 October 2009. Retrieved 26 September 2009.
  8. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 6 October 2011. Retrieved 4 October 2011.
  9. http://viaf.org/viaf/27152759/#L%C3%B3pez_de_Vargas_Machuca,_Tom%C3%A1s,_1731-1802. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  10. http://data.bnf.fr/15288394/pierre-gilles_chanlaire/
  11. "Map of Sweden". World Digital Library. Retrieved 20 January 2013.
  12. Kitchen Map 1755
  13. "Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, 1902". World Digital Library. 1902. Retrieved 2013-06-03.
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