Index of epistemology articles

Epistemology (from Greek ἐπιστήμη episteme-, "knowledge, science" and λόγος, "logos") or theory of knowledge is the branch of philosophy concerned with the nature and scope (limitations) of knowledge.[1] It addresses the questions "What is knowledge?", "How is knowledge acquired?", "What do people know?", "How do we know what we know?", and "Why do we know what we know?". Much of the debate in this field has focused on analyzing the nature of knowledge and how it relates to similar notions such as truth, belief, and justification. It also deals with the means of production of knowledge, as well as skepticism about different knowledge claims.

Articles related to epistemology include:

A

– "A Defence of Common Sense" – A posterioriA priori and a posterioriA Treatise Concerning the Principles of Human KnowledgeAbductive reasoning – Academic skepticism – Acatalepsy – Ad hoc hypothesis – Adaptive representation – Adolph Stöhr – Aenesidemus – Aenesidemus (book) – African SpirAgnosticism – Agrippa the Skeptic – Alethiology – Alief (belief) – Alison Wylie – Alvin Goldman – An Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding – An Essay Concerning Human UnderstandingAnalytic–synthetic distinction – Anamnesis (philosophy) – AndrocentrismAndroid epistemology – Anthony Wilden – Anti-foundationalism – Anti-realism – Apperception – Arda Denkel – Argument from illusion – Aristotle's theory of universals – Arnór Hannibalsson – Ásta Kristjana SveinsdóttirAtli HarðarsonAtomismAutoepistemic logic – Ayn Rand

B

– Barry Stroud – Basic belief – Basic limiting principle – BeliefBertrand RussellBertrand Russell's views on philosophy – Björn Kraus – Black swan theory – Blind men and an elephant – Body of knowledgeBrain in a vatBrute fact

C

– C. D. Broad – Carper's fundamental ways of knowing – Cartesian doubt – Cartesian Other – Cartesian Self – Catherine Elgin – Causal chain – Causal Theory of Knowing – CausalityCenter Leo Apostel for Interdisciplinary StudiesCentre de Recherche en Epistémologie AppliquéeCertainty – Claudio Canaparo – Cogito ergo sum – Cognitive closure (philosophy) – Cognitive synonymy – Coherence theory of truthCoherentismCommon sense – Compensationism – Composition of Causes – Computational epistemology – Concluding Unscientific Postscript to Philosophical Fragments – Condition of possibilityConsensus theory of truthConstructivism (mathematics)Constructivist epistemology – Contextualism – Contrastivism – Correspondence theory of truth – CounterintuitiveCrispin WrightCriteria of truth – Critical rationalism – Critical realism – Critical thinking – Cynicism

D

– Daniel M. Hausman – David HumeDeductive closureDefeasible reasoning – Defeater – Deflationary theory of truthDescriptive knowledge – Dharmarāja Adhvarin – DialetheismDianoia – Direct and indirect realism – Direct experience – Discourse on the Method – Disjunctivism – Dispositional and occurrent beliefDivine command theory– Daimonic – Dogma – Doubt – Doxa – Doxastic attitudes – Dream argumentDuck test

E

Eastern epistemologyEcology of contexts – Edgar Morin – Editology – Edmund Gettier – Educology – Egocentric predicament – Elephant testEmergenceEmpirical evidence – Empirical method – Empirical relationship – Empirical research – Empiricism – Endoxa – Enneads – Epilogism – Episteme – Epistemic closure – Epistemic commitment – Epistemic community – Epistemic conservatism – Epistemic feedback – Epistemic minimalism – Epistemic possibility – Epistemic theories of truth – Epistemic theory of miracles – Epistemic virtue – Epistemicism – Epistemocracy – Epistemological anarchism – Epistemological idealism – Epistemological particularism – Epistemological pluralism – Epistemological psychology – Epistemological realism – Epistemological rupture – Epistemological solipsism – EpistemologyEpoché – Eristic – Ernst von GlasersfeldEureka effect – Everett W. Hall – EvidenceEvidentialismEvil demon – Evolutionary argument against naturalism – Evolutionary epistemology – Exclusion principle (philosophy) – Existential phenomenology – Exoteric – Expectation (epistemic) – Experience – Experiential knowledge – Experientialism – Externism – Eyewitness testimony

F

Fa (concept)Fact – Factual relativism – Fact–value distinction – Faith and rationalityFallibilismFalsifiabilityFeminist epistemology – Fideism – FinitismFitch's paradox of knowability – Fooled by Randomness – Formal epistemologyFormative epistemologyFoundationalism – Foundherentism – FragmentalismFrame problemFrank Cameron JacksonFred Dretske – Frederick Wilhelmsen – Freethought – Functional contextualism

G

G. E. MooreGaston BachelardGenerativityGenetic epistemologyGeorge BerkeleyGeorge PappasGettier problemGiambattista Vico – Gila Sher – Gilbert HarmanGilbert RyleGiulio Giorello – Gnosiology – Gödel's incompleteness theorems

H

Harry BinswangerHeinz von Foerster – Helmut Wautischer – Here is a hand – Hierarchical epistemology – Hilary Kornblith – Humanism – Hume's fork

I

– I know it when I see it – I know that I know nothing – Ideological criticism – IdeologyIgnoramus et ignorabimus – Ignorance – Illuminationism – Immanuel Kant – Incorrigibility – Indeterminacy (philosophy)Inductive reasoningInductivism – Infallibilism – Infallibility – InferenceInfinitismInformation sourceInnatismInsight – Intellectual responsibility – Internalism and externalism – Intersubjective verifiability – Intersubjectivity – Introduction to Objectivist EpistemologyIntrospection – Intuition (Bergson) – Intuition (philosophy)Intuition (psychology)IntuitionismIrrealism (philosophy)Is logic empirical? – Islamization of knowledge

J

Jean PiagetJean-Louis Le Moigne – Jean-Michel Berthelot – John Greco (philosopher) – John Hick – John LockeJohn Searle – Jonathan Dancy – Jonathan Kvanvig - Jules VuilleminJustified true belief

K

– Karla Jessen Williamson – KatalepsisKeith Lehrer – KK thesis – Knowing and the Known – KnowledgeKnowledge and Its Limits – Knowledge by acquaintance – Knowledge by description – Knowledge organization – Knowledge relativity

L

Laplace's demon – Larry Laudan – Larry Sanger – Latitudinarianism (philosophy) – Laurence BonJour – Law (principle) – Leap of faith – Leonard PeikoffLevels of adequacy – List of epistemologists – Logical holism – Logical positivism – Lottery paradox

M

MaieuticsMap–territory relation – Margaret Elizabeth Egan – Mathematical proofMeditations on First PhilosophyMemory – Meno – Meno's slave – MetaMeta-epistemology – Metaphor in philosophy – Metaphysical naturalismMetatheory – Methodical culturalism – Methodism (philosophy) – Methodological solipsism – Michel de Montaigne – Mind extension – Mioara Mugur-Schächter – Misotheism – Molyneux's problem – Moore's paradox – Moral rationalism – Multiperspectivalism – Mundane reason

N

Naïve empiricismNaïve realismNassim Nicholas TalebNaturalism (philosophy)Naturalized epistemology – Nayef Al-Rodhan – Neopragmatism – Neutrality (philosophy) – New realism (philosophy) – Nicholas Rescher – Niklas Luhmann – Nomothetic – Nomothetic and idiographic – NoogonyNorman Malcolm – Noumenon

O

– Object (philosophy) – Objectivism (Ayn Rand)Objectivity (philosophy)Observation – Ontologism – Omphalos hypothesis – Opinion – Outline of epistemology – Overbelief

P

– P. F. Strawson – Pancritical rationalism – Panrationalism – ParadigmParadigm shift – Participatory theory – Paul Churchland – Perception – Perceptual learning – Peripatetic axiom – Perspectivism – Pessimism – Peter Millican – Peter Unger – Phenomenal conservatism – Phenomenalism – Phillip H. Wiebe – Philosophic burden of proof – Philosophical Fragments – Philosophical Investigations – Philosophical problems of testimony – Philosophical skepticism – Philosophical theology – Philosophical zombie – Philosophy of color – Philosophy of perception – Philosophy of science – Plato's Problem – Platonic epistemology – Pluralism (philosophy) – Pluralist theories of truth – Positivism – Postfoundationalism – Postmodern philosophy – Postpositivism – Pragmatic theory of truthPramāṇa – Praxeology – Predictive power – Preface paradox – Preformation theory – Presentationism – Presupposition (philosophy) – Primary/secondary quality distinction – Principle of charity – Private language argument – Privileged access – ProbabilismProbability interpretationsProblem of induction – Problem of other minds – Problem of the criterionProblem of universalsProcedural knowledgeProof (truth)Propensity probabilityPropositional attitude – Pseudointellectual – Psychological nominalism – Pyrrho – Pyrrhonism

R

Ramification problem – Rational egoism – Rational fideism – Rational ignorance – Rationalism – Rationality – Reason – Reasonism – Redundancy theory of truth – Reformed epistemology – Regress argument – Relevant alternatives theory – Reliabilism – Religious epistemology – Robert Audi – Robert Nozick – Roderick Chisholm – Role of chance in scientific discoveries

S

– Sally Haslanger – Salvino Azzopardi – Satya – Scepticism and Animal Faith – Scottish Common Sense Realism – Self-evidence – Semantic externalism – Semantic theory of truth – Sensualism – Sextus Empiricus – Sherrilyn Roush – Simulated realitySimulation hypothesis – Skepticism – Sleeping Beauty problemSocial constructionismSocial epistemology – Social Epistemology (journal) – Sociology of knowledge – SocratesSolipsism – Sophist (dialogue) – Speculative reason – Steve Fuller (sociologist)Subjectivism – Swamping problem – Swampman – Systemography

T

Tabula rasaTarski's undefinability theorem – Techne – Telesis – TestimonyThe Black Swan (Taleb book)The Course in Positive PhilosophyThe Extended MindThe Postmodern ConditionThe Republic (Plato)The Roots of ReferenceThe Will to Believe – The World as Will and Representation – Theaetetus (dialogue) – Theomachist – Theory of Forms – Theory of justification – There are known knowns – Thick Black Theory – Thought experimentTractatus Logico-Philosophicus (6.5) – Transcendent truth – Transcendental idealism – Transcendental philosophy – Transcendental realism – Transparency (philosophy) – Trenton Merricks – Truth – Truth by consensus – Truth predicate – Truth-value link – Twin Earth thought experiment – Two Dogmas of Empiricism – Two truths doctrine

U

UncertaintyUnderdeterminationUnderstanding – Universal pragmatics – Unknown known – Unobservable – Upamāṇa

V

– Vagueness – Vasily Seseman – Verification theoryVerificationismVerisimilitudeVeritismVienna Circle – Virtue epistemology – Visual space – Voluntarism (metaphysics)

W

– Walter Terence Stace – Ward Jones – What Engineers Know and How They Know It – Wilfrid Sellars – William Alston – William Crathorn – Word and Object – World Hypotheses – World view

X

– Xenophanes

Y

Yujian Zheng

Z

Zen and the Art of Motorcycle Maintenance

See also

References

  1. Encyclopedia of Philosophy, Volume 3, 1967, Macmillan, Inc.
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