Charles De Koninck
|Charles De Koninck|
29 July 1906|
13 February 1965 58) (aged|
|Alma mater||Catholic University of Louvain|
|Philosophy of nature, political theory, philosophy of science, Philosophy of mathematics, metaphysics, logic, theology|
Charles De Koninck MSRC (29 July 1906 – 13 February 1965) was a Belgian-Canadian Thomist philosopher and theologian. As director of the Department of Philosophy at the Université Laval in Quebec, he influenced Catholic philosophy in French Canada and also influenced Catholic philosophers in English Canada and the United States. The author of many books and articles in French and English, he contributed to a variety of philosophical fields including natural philosophy, philosophy of science, philosophy of mathematics, and political philosophy, but he also wrote on theology, especially Mariology.
De Koninck was the founder of the so-called Laval School of philosophy, and mentored a number of philosophers, including Ralph McInerny, who published an English translation of De Koninck's collected works.
Early life and education
De Koninck was born in Torhout, Belgium, the son of Louis De Koninck and Marie Verplancke, both natives of Torhout. In 1914, the De Koninck family emigrated to the United States, where Louis De Koninck worked as a builder and contractor in Detroit, Michigan.
In 1921 Charles returned to Belgium to complete his education. He first went to school in Ostende, where he studied mainly mathematics, chemistry, and physics, but where he also read widely in Latin, Greek, Dutch, and English Literature. He then studied philosophy at the Catholic University of Louvain, where he became a Thomist. After attending the University of Detroit, he returned to Louvain and earned a doctorate summa cum laude with a dissertation on Sir Arthur Eddington's philosophy of science.
In 1934, De Koninck began work at the Université Laval in Quebec, where he became a full professor the following year, a position which he held for the rest of his life. Between 1939 and 1956 he was dean of the faculty of philosophy at Laval.
As member of the Royal Society of Canada, De Koninck and his family hosted and entertained many well-known people in their Quebec City residence, among them Antoine de Saint-Exupéry and his writer-artist wife, Consuelo Suncín during their five-week stay in the province in the spring of 1942. The De Konincks' eight-year-old son, Thomas De Koninck, whom Saint-Exupéry met, may have served as an inspiration for the extraterrestrial visitor of his well-known novella, The Little Prince.
Philosophy of nature
De Koninck devoted a good portion of his philosophical work to the philosophy of nature. De Koninck's graduate career at Louvain led him to write a dissertation under Fernand Renoirte, himself a philosopher of science, on the philosophy of Sir Arthur Eddington. His dissertation attempted to parlay between classical Thomistic philosophy and Eddington's philosophy of science, shaped by recent developments in relativity theory and quantum theory.
While De Koninck's initial view of the relationship between philosophy and the experimental sciences followed a separatist line akin to that of Jacques Maritain, a later development in his thinking portrayed the modern sciences as "dialectical extensions" of metaphysics and, more proximately, the philosophy of nature. Over the course of his career, De Koninck published articles addressing overlapping issues in classical Aristotelian and Thomistic philosophy and quantum indeterminism, the biological sciences, the foundation of mathematical physics, and the philosophy of mathematics. The most accessible introduction to his thought in the philosophy of nature and science are his Whidden Lectures of 1959, published as a collection titled The Hollow Universe. In the three lectures, De Koninck addresses the philosophical foundations, content, and implications of three modern scientific inquiries: modern mathematics ("The World of Symbolic Construction, or Two is One Twice Over"), physics ("Mental Construction and the Test of Experience"), and biology ("The Lifeless World of Biology"). The epilogue to the book, "Reckoning with the Computers," extends the theme of the hollow universe from the realm of mathematics, physics, and biology to the account of man himself. Scholar Leslie Armour maintains that "our place as knowing beings suggests to De Koninck that nature and knowing beings are so designed as to go together, and so designed as to be unintelligible without one another."
"Common good" controversy
Along with Henri Grenier and Louis Lachance, De Koninck was a prominent Thomist critic of personalism. De Koninck's book On the Primacy of the Common Good: Against the Personalists criticized personalist thinkers for claiming that the common good ought to be subordinate to the private good of persons. De Koninck did not name the personalists whom he had in mind, but Yves Simon and I. Th. Eschmann assumed that he was thinking of Jacques Maritain. Yves Simon agreed with De Koninck's rejection of the subordination of the common good to the person, but denied that it applied to Maritain. Eschmann, on the other hand, defended the subordination of the common good to the person and claimed that this was in fact taught by Maritain.
- Le cosmos, Québec, Pro Manuscripto, 1936.
- Ego Sapientia, Montréal/Québec, Fides/Éditions de l'Université Laval, 1943 (translated in Spanish).
- De la primauté du bien commun contre les personnalistes. Le principe de l'ordre nouveau, Montréal/Québec, Fides/Éditions de l'Université Laval, 1943.
- La piété du Fils, 1954.
- The Hollow Universe, London, Oxford University Press, 1960 (translated in Spanish and reedited in French at the Presses de l'Université Laval).
- Le scandale de la médiation, Paris, Nouvelles Éditions latines, 1962.
- Tout homme est mon prochain, Québec, Presses de l'Université Laval, 1964.
- Geoffrey M. Vaughan (11 May 2018). Leo Strauss and His Catholic Readers. CUA Press. p. 50. ISBN 978-0-8132-3043-6.
- Stuart Brown; Diane Collinson; Robert Wilkinson (10 September 2012). Biographical Dictionary of Twentieth-Century Philosophers. Routledge. p. 172. ISBN 978-1-134-92796-8.
- Ernest L. Fortin (2007). Ever Ancient, Ever New: Ruminations on the City, the Soul, and the Church. Rowman & Littlefield. p. 176. ISBN 978-0-7425-5920-2.
- William A Wallace (1996). The Modeling of Nature: Philosophy of Science and Philosophy of Nature in Synthesis. CUA Press. p. 227. ISBN 978-0-8132-0860-2.
- "Charles De Koninck". The Canadian Encyclopedia by Elizabeth A. Trott Archived June 8, 2011, at the Wayback Machine. retrieved on 6 January 2010
- Louis Balthazar; International Council for Canadian Studies (1998). Images of Canadianness: Visions on Canada's Politics, Culture, Economics. University of Ottawa Press. p. 81. ISBN 978-0-7766-0489-3.
- Normand Provencher, "Thomas De Koninck: l'homme aux 1001 questions". La Presse. 22 March 2015.
- "Was The Little Prince inspired by a Quebec City professor?". Global News, February 15, 2016. By Raquel Fletcher
- Royal Society of Canada (1965). Mémoires Et Comptes Rendus de la Société Royale Du Canada. Royal Society of Canada. p. 81.
- Revue philosophique de Louvain. Éditions de l'Institut Supérieur de Philosophie. 1965. p. 186.
- Brungardt (2016), pp. 1–24.
- Leslie Armour, "The Philosophy of Charles De Koninck," in: De Koninck (2008), p. 23.
- Marie Martin-Hubbard, “Incursion personnaliste chez les thomistes canadiens-français des années 1930 et 1940 : l’exemple de François Hertel ”
- Aquinas Guilbeau (2016). Charles de Koninck's Defense of the Primacy of the Common Good. University of Fribourg (Switzerland).
- Francesca Aran Murphy (2004). Art and Intellect in the Philosophy of Etienne Gilson. University of Missouri Press. p. 243. ISBN 978-0-8262-6238-7.
- Lawrence Dewan (2008). Wisdom, Law, and Virtue: Essays in Thomistic Ethics. Fordham Univ Press. p. 279. ISBN 978-0-8232-2796-9.
- Ralph McInerny (1 November 1988). "6". Art and Prudence: Studies in the Thought of Jacques Maritain. University of Notre Dame Press. ISBN 978-0-268-00619-8.
- John G. Brungardt, "Charles De Koninck and the Sapiential Character of Natural Philosophy," American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly 90.1 (2016): 1–24. doi:10.5840/acpq20161570.
- The Writings of Charles De Koninck. Volume One (edition and translation), with an introduction by Leslie Armour and a biography by Thomas De Koninck, Notre Dame, Notre Dame University Press, 2008
- The Writings of Charles De Koninck. Volume Two (edition and translation), Notre Dame, Notre Dame University Press, 2009
- Bibliography of the writings by Charles De Koninck : http://www.charlesdekoninck.com/bibliography/
- Biographical note on Charles de Koninck by Lawrence Dewan Jrank.org
- Charles De Koninck: Works in philosophy. Good Catholic Books website (Includes full text of many of his works).
- Charles De Koninck Wiki.
- (in French) De la primauté du bien commun contre les personnalistes
- On the Primacy of the Common Good, translated by Sean Collins.
- Translations of De Koninck texts by David Quackenbush
- The Charles De Koninck Project