Elastic properties of the elements (data page)

Young's modulus

E/(GPa)
numbersymbolname useWELCRC
3Lilithium 4.94.9
4Beberyllium 287287
11Nasodium 1010
12Mgmagnesium 4545
13Alaluminium 7070
14Sisilicon 4747
20Cacalcium 2020
21Scscandium 74.47474.4
22Tititanium 116116
23Vvanadium 128128
24Crchromium 279279
25Mnmanganese 198198
26Feiron 211211
27Cocobalt 209209
28Ninickel 200200
29Cucopper 130130
30Znzinc 108108
33Asarsenic 88
34Seselenium 1010
37Rbrubidium 2.42.4
39Yyttrium 63.56463.5
40Zrzirconium 6868
41Nbniobium 105105
42Momolybdenum 329329
44Ruruthenium 447447
45Rhrhodium 275275 (Possibly incorrect [1])
46Pdpalladium 121121
47Agsilver 8383
48Cdcadmium 5050
49Inindium 1111
50Sntin 5050
51Sbantimony 5555
52Tetellurium 4343
55Cscaesium 1.71.7
56Babarium 1313
57Lalanthanum (α form) 36.637(α form) 36.6
58Cecerium (γ form) 33.634(γ form) 33.6
59Prpraseodymium (α form) 37.337(α form) 37.3
60Ndneodymium (α form) 41.441(α form) 41.4
61Pmpromethium (α form) est. 4646(α form) est. 46
62Smsamarium (α form) 49.750(α form) 49.7
63Eueuropium 18.21818.2
64Gdgadolinium (α form) 54.855(α form) 54.8
65Tbterbium (α form) 55.756(α form) 55.7
66Dydysprosium (α form) 61.461(α form) 61.4
67Hoholmium 64.86564.8
68Ererbium 69.97069.9
69Tmthulium 74.07474.0
70Ybytterbium (β form) 23.924(β form) 23.9
71Lulutetium 68.66968.6
72Hfhafnium 7878
73Tatantalum 186186
74Wtungsten 411411
75Rerhenium 463463
77Iriridium 528528
78Ptplatinum 168168
79Augold 7878
81Tlthallium 88
82Pblead 1616
83Bibismuth 3232
90Ththorium 7979
92Uuranium 208208
94Puplutonium 9696

Poisson ratio

μ, dimensionless
numbersymbolname useWELCRC
4Beberyllium 0.0320.032
12Mgmagnesium 0.290.29
13Alaluminium 0.350.35
20Cacalcium 0.310.31
21Scscandium 0.2790.280.279
22Tititanium 0.320.32
23Vvanadium 0.370.37
24Crchromium 0.210.21
26Feiron 0.290.29
27Cocobalt 0.310.31
28Ninickel 0.310.31
29Cucopper 0.340.34
30Znzinc 0.250.25
34Seselenium 0.330.33
38Srstrontium 0.280.28
39Yyttrium 0.2430.240.243
40Zrzirconium 0.340.34
41Nbniobium 0.400.40
42Momolybdenum 0.310.31
44Ruruthenium 0.300.30
45Rhrhodium 0.260.26
46Pdpalladium 0.390.39
47Agsilver 0.370.37
48Cdcadmium 0.300.30
50Sntin 0.360.36
57Lalanthanum (α form) 0.2800.28(α form) 0.280
58Cecerium (γ form) 0.240.24(γ form) 0.24
59Prpraseodymium (α form) 0.2810.28(α form) 0.281
60Ndneodymium (α form) 0.2810.28(α form) 0.281
61Pmpromethium (α form) est. 0.280.28(α form) est. 0.28
62Smsamarium (α form) 0.2740.27(α form) 0.274
63Eueuropium 0.1520.150.152
64Gdgadolinium (α form) 0.2590.26(α form) 0.259
65Tbterbium (α form) 0.2610.26(α form) 0.261
66Dydysprosium (α form) 0.2470.25(α form) 0.247
67Hoholmium 0.2310.230.231
68Ererbium 0.2370.240.237
69Tmthulium 0.2130.210.213
70Ybytterbium (β form) 0.2070.21(β form) 0.207
71Lulutetium 0.2610.260.261
72Hfhafnium 0.370.37
73Tatantalum 0.340.34
74Wtungsten 0.280.28
75Rerhenium 0.300.30
76Ososmium 0.250.25
77Iriridium 0.260.26
78Ptplatinum 0.380.38
79Augold 0.440.44
81Tlthallium 0.450.45
82Pblead 0.440.44
83Bibismuth 0.330.33
90Ththorium 0.270.27
92Uuranium 0.230.23
94Puplutonium 0.210.21

Bulk modulus

K/(GPa)
numbersymbolname useWELCRCother
3Lilithium 1111
4Beberyllium 130130
5Bboron (β form) 185320β 185(7) GPa, α 224(15) GPa
6Ccarbon 3333
11Nasodium 6.36.3
12Mgmagnesium 4545
13Alaluminium 7676
14Sisilicon 100100
15Pphosphorus 1111
16Ssulfur 7.77.7
17Clchlorine (liquid) 1.1
19Kpotassium 3.13.1
20Cacalcium 1717
21Scscandium 56.65756.6
22Tititanium 110110
23Vvanadium 160160
24Crchromium 160160
25Mnmanganese 120120
26Feiron 170170
27Cocobalt 180180
28Ninickel 180180
29Cucopper 140140
30Znzinc 7070
31Gagallium 5656 average
32Gegermanium 75.875.8
33Asarsenic 2222
34Seselenium 8.38.3
35Brbromine 1.9
37Rbrubidium 2.52.5
39Yyttrium 41.24141.2
41Nbniobium 170170
42Momolybdenum 230230
44Ruruthenium 220220
45Rhrhodium 380380 (Possibly incorrect [1])
46Pdpalladium 180180
47Agsilver 100100
48Cdcadmium 4242
50Sntin 5858
51Sbantimony 4242
52Tetellurium 6565
53Iiodine 7.77.7
55Cscaesium 1.61.6
56Babarium 9.69.6
57Lalanthanum (α form) 27.928(α form) 27.9
58Cecerium (γ form) 21.522(γ form) 21.5
59Prpraseodymium (α form) 28.829(α form) 28.8
60Ndneodymium (α form) 31.832(α form) 31.8
61Pmpromethium (α form) est. 3333(α form) est. 33
62Smsamarium (α form) 37.838(α form) 37.8
63Eueuropium 8.38.38.3
64Gdgadolinium (α form) 37.938(α form) 37.9
65Tbterbium (α form) 38.738.7(α form) 38.7
66Dydysprosium (α form) 40.541(α form) 40.5
67Hoholmium 40.24040.2
68Ererbium 44.44444.4
69Tmthulium 44.54544.5
70Ybytterbium (β form) 30.531(β form) 30.5
71Lulutetium 47.64847.6
72Hfhafnium 110110
73Tatantalum 200200
74Wtungsten 310310
75Rerhenium 370370
76Ososmium 462462
77Iriridium 320320
78Ptplatinum 230230
79Augold 180180
80Hgmercury 25
81Tlthallium 4343
82Pblead 4646
83Bibismuth 3131
90Ththorium 5454
92Uuranium 100100

Shear modulus

G/(GPa)
numbersymbolname useWELCRC
3Lilithium 4.24.2
4Beberyllium 132132
11Nasodium 3.33.3
12Mgmagnesium 1717
13Alaluminium 2626
19Kpotassium 1.31.3
20Cacalcium 7.47.4
21Scscandium 29.12929.1
22Tititanium 4444
23Vvanadium 4747
24Crchromium 115115
26Feiron 8282
27Cocobalt 7575
28Ninickel 7676
29Cucopper 4848
30Znzinc 4343
34Seselenium 3.73.7
38Srstrontium 6.16.1
39Yyttrium 25.62625.6
40Zrzirconium 3333
41Nbniobium 3838
42Momolybdenum 120120
44Ruruthenium 173173
45Rhrhodium 150150
46Pdpalladium 4444
47Agsilver 3030
48Cdcadmium 1919
50Sntin 1818
51Sbantimony 2020
52Tetellurium 1616
56Babarium 4.94.9
57Lalanthanum (α form) 14.314(α form) 14.3
58Cecerium (γ form) 13.514(γ form) 13.5
59Prpraseodymium (α form) 14.815(α form) 14.8
60Ndneodymium (α form) 16.316(α form) 16.3
61Pmpromethium (α form) est. 1818(α form) est. 18
62Smsamarium (α form) 19.520(α form) 19.5
63Eueuropium 7.97.97.9
64Gdgadolinium (α form) 21.822(α form) 21.8
65Tbterbium (α form) 22.122(α form) 22.1
66Dydysprosium (α form) 24.725(α form) 24.7
67Hoholmium 26.32626.3
68Ererbium 28.32828.3
69Tmthulium 30.53130.5
70Ybytterbium (β form) 9.99.9(β form) 9.9
71Lulutetium 27.22727.2
72Hfhafnium 3030
73Tatantalum 6969
74Wtungsten 161161
75Rerhenium 178178
76Ososmium 222222
77Iriridium 210210
78Ptplatinum 6161
79Augold 2727
81Tlthallium 2.82.8
82Pblead 5.65.6
83Bibismuth 1212
90Ththorium 3131
92Uuranium 111111
94Puplutonium 4343

Notes

All values from CRC refer to room temperature. All values from WebElements presumably are also at room temperature.

References

  1. Cardarelli, François (2018). "Materials Handbook". SpringerLink: 567. doi:10.1007/978-3-319-38925-7_4#sec232.

WEL

As quoted at http://www.webelements.com/ from these sources:

  • A.M. James and M.P. Lord in Macmillan's Chemical and Physical Data, Macmillan, London, UK, 1992.
  • G.W.C. Kaye and T. H. Laby in Tables of physical and chemical constants, Longman, London, UK, 15th edition, 1993.
  • G.V. Samsonov (Ed.) in Handbook of the physicochemical properties of the elements, IFI-Plenum, New York, USA, 1968.
  • D.R. Lide, (Ed.) in Chemical Rubber Company handbook of chemistry and physics, CRC Press, Boca Raton, Florida, USA, 79th edition, 1998.

CRC

As quoted in an online version of:

  • David R. Lide (ed), CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics, 84th Edition. CRC Press. Boca Raton, Florida, 2003; Section 4, Properties of the Elements and Inorganic Compounds; Physical Properties of the Rare Earth Metals

which further refers to:

  • Scott, T., in Handbook on the Physics and Chemistry of Rare Earths, Vol. 1, Gschneidner, K.A., Jr. and Eyring, L., Eds., North-Holland Physics, Amsterdam, 1978, 591.

See also

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