Hindi film distribution circuits

Hindi film distribution circuits comprises territories which have been created by film distributors for releasing Hindi cinema or Hindustani cinema (as it was earlier known) across India. The six distribution circuits were created in 1930s after the advent of the first talkie in 1931. These circuits were:[1][2][3]

  • Bombay circuit
  • Eastern circuit
  • Delhi-U.P. circuit,
  • C.P., C.I., Rajasthan circuit
  • Punjab circuit
  • South circuit

Presently territories for distribution of Hindi films are divided into eleven territories. These are.[4]

Circuit nameComprising territories
Bombay circuitMumbai, Gujarat, Goa, parts of Maharashtra & Karnataka (Comprises areas that formed the erstwhile Bombay State and Portuguese-ruled Colonies)
Delhi circuitDelhi, Uttar Pradesh & Uttaranchal
Nizam circuitTelangana, parts of Maharashtra & Karnataka (Comprises areas that formed the erstwhile Nizam State)
East Punjab circuitPunjab, Harayana, Chandigarh, Himachal Pradesh and Jammu & Kashmir
Eastern circuitWest Bengal, Bihar, Jharkhand, Orissa, Assam & North-Eastern states, Andaman & Nicobar Islands as well as Bhutan and Nepal
C. P. Berar circuitMaharashtra (Vidarbha), Madhya Pradesh (south & west), Chhattisgarh (Comprises areas that formed the erstwhile Central Provinces and Berar State)
Central India circuitParts of Madhya Pradesh
Rajasthan circuitRajasthan
Mysore circuitBengaluru and parts of Karnataka (Comprises areas that formed the erstwhile Mysore State)
Tamil Nadu circuitTamil Nadu & Kerala
Andhra circuitAndhra Pradesh

Amongst the above territories Bombay circuit is considered by the distributors as having potential for maximum earnings.[1] An additional territory known as overseas territory also exists.[5] However, Hindi movies in Nepal & Bhutan are released by distributors through the Eastern circuit.[1]


  1. Tejaswini Ganti (2012), Producing Bollywood: Inside the Contemporary Hindi Film Industry, Duke University press, p. 187
  3. Ashok Mittal (2003), Cinema Industry in India: Pricing and Taxation, Indus Publishing Company, p. 55, ISBN 81-7387-023-3
  4. Edited by Gulzar, Govind Nihalani, Saibal Chatterjee (2003), Encyclopaedia of Hindi Cinema, Encyclop√¶dia Britannica (India) Pvt. Ltd. & Popular Prakashan Pvt. Ltd., p. 146, ISBN 81-7991-066-0
  5. Tejaswini Ganti (2004), Bollywood: A Guidebook to Popular Hindi Cinema, Routledge, p. 58, ISBN 0-415-28854-1

See also

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