Zmievskaya Balka (Russian: Змиёвская балка, IPA: [zmʲɪˈjɵfskəjə ˈbaɫkə]) is a site in Rostov-on-Don, Russia at which 27,000 Jews and Soviet civilians were massacred by the SS Einsatzgruppe D on August 11 and 12, 1942.
The Jewish men of Rostov were marched to Zmiyovskaya Balka, a ravine outside the city, and shot. The women, children and elderly were gassed in trucks, and their bodies buried in the same ravine. Communists and Red Army soldiers also were killed and buried there, along with their families. Among those murdered at Zmiyovskaya Balka was the pioneering psychologist Sabina Spielrein.
- Sabina Spielrein, prominent early Soviet psychoanalyst