Zhuravne

Zhuravno
Журавно

Coat of arms
Country
Oblast
Raion
Ukraine
Lviv Oblast
Zhydachivskyi Raion
Founded 1435
City rights 1563
Area
  Total 45.3 km2 (17.5 sq mi)
Population (2013)
  Total 3,598
  Density 81.0/km2 (210/sq mi)
Postal code 81780, 81781
Area code(s) +380-3239

Coordinates: 49°15′38″N 24°16′35″E / 49.26056°N 24.27639°E / 49.26056; 24.27639 Zhuravno (Ukrainian: Журавно; Polish: Żurawno; Yiddish: זשיראוונע, Zhirovne) is an urban-type settlement in Zhydachiv Raion, Lviv Oblast of western Ukraine. Population: 3,598(2013 est.)[1].

History

The town was first mentioned in 1435. In the 16th century, Zhuravno was granted city status. Prior to World War II the town was located in Poland.

Zhuravno gained recognition in Polish history because of the battle which took place nearby between the king of Poland, John III Sobieski, and the Turkish and Tatar invaders, a battle that ended in a peace treaty. The town was also the birthplace of the renowned Polish poet and author Mikołaj Rej in 1505.

The German forces occupied the territory in early July 1941. From the beginning of September to November 1942, the majority of Zhuravno’s Jews were deported to the Belzec extermination camp. About 160 Jewish specialists were purposefully left and confined to an open ghetto. In February and June 1943, they were murdered during two mass executions on the outskirts of the village carried out by German Gendarmerie and Ukrainian local police[2].

References

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