Zacualpan, Veracruz


Location in Veracruz
Location in Mexico
Coordinates: 20°26′01″N 98°20′55″W / 20.43361°N 98.34861°W / 20.43361; -98.34861Coordinates: 20°26′01″N 98°20′55″W / 20.43361°N 98.34861°W / 20.43361; -98.34861[1]
Country  Mexico
State  Veracruz
Established 13 November 1875
Seat Zacualpan
  President Carina Lugo Barrón
  Total 264.418 km2 (102.092 sq mi)
Elevation[1] (of seat) 1,713 m (5,620 ft)
Population (2010 Census)[3]
  Total 6,784
  Estimate (2015 Intercensal Survey)[4] 7,194
  Density 26/km2 (66/sq mi)
  Seat 633
Time zone Central (UTC-6)
  Summer (DST) Central (UTC-5)
Postal codes 92650–92658[5]
Area code 774
Website Official website

Zacualpan (Nahuatl: "place above the pyramid") is a municipality in the Mexican state of Veracruz, located 179 kilometres (111 mi) northwest of the state capital of Xalapa and 56 kilometres (35 mi) northeast of the city of Pachuca, Hidalgo.


The municipality of Zacualpan is located in northern Veracruz at an altitude between 400 and 2,700 metres (1,300–8,900 ft). It borders the Veracruzian municipalities of Huayacocotla to the west, Texcatepec to the north, and Tlachichilco to the northeast, as well as the Hidalgan municipalities of San Bartolo Tutotepec to the southwest and Agua Blanca de Iturbide to the south.[6] The municipality covers an area of 264.418 square kilometres (102.092 sq mi)[3] and comprises 0.4% of the state's area.[4]

Zacualpan is located in the Huasteca Karst of the Sierra Madre Oriental. Its land cover is divided between forest (50%), pastureland (25%) and farmland (25%). It is watered by tributaries of the Vinazco River, itself a tributary of the Tuxpan River.[6]

Zacualpan's climate is humid with rain throughout the year. Average temperatures in the municipality range between 12 and 24 °C (54–75 °F), and average annual precipitation ranges between 1,100 and 2,600 millimetres (43–102 in).[6]


The area was originally inhabited by the Huastec people.[2] Zacualpan was separated from Huayacocotla to form its own municipality on 13 November 1875. It became a free municipality on 15 January 1918.[9]


The municipal government comprises a president, a councillor (Spanish: síndico), and a trustee (regidor).[2] The current president of the municipality is Carina Lugo Barrón.[10]


In the 2010 Mexican Census, the municipality of Zacualpan recorded a population of 6784 inhabitants living in 1821 households.[11] The 2015 Intercensal Survey estimated a population of 7194 inhabitants in Zacualpan.[4]

There are 69 localities in the municipality,[1] of which only the municipal seat, also known as Zacualpan, is classified as urban. It recorded a population of 633 inhabitants in the 2010 Census.[11]


Major economic activities in Zacualpan include forestry and farming. Zacualpan produced 33,983 cubic metres (1,200,100 cu ft) of timber in 2015, second to Huayacocotla among municipalities in Veracruz.[12] Cattle and pigs are the main livestock raised, while corn, peaches and apples are the main agricultural crops.[13]


  1. 1 2 3 "Sistema Nacional de Información Municipal" (in Spanish). SEGOB. 2010. Retrieved 6 March 2018.
  2. 1 2 3 "Zacualpan". Enciclopedia de los Municipios y Delegaciones de México (in Spanish). INAFED. Retrieved 6 March 2018.
  3. 1 2 3 "Zacualpan: Datos generales". Cédulas de información municipal (in Spanish). SEDESOL. 2013. Retrieved 6 March 2018.
  4. 1 2 3 Panorama sociodemográfico de Veracruz de Ignacio de la Llave 2015 (PDF) (in Spanish). INEGI. 2016. p. 434. ISBN 978-607-739-871-4.
  5. "Consulta Códigos Postales". Catálogo Nacional de Códigos Postales. Mexican Postal Service. 23 February 2018. Retrieved 6 March 2018.
  6. 1 2 3 "Compendio de Información Geográfica Municipal 2010: Zacualpan, Veracruz de Ignacio de la Llave" (in Spanish). INEGI. Retrieved 6 March 2018.
  7. "NORMALES CLIMATOLÓGICAS" (in Spanish). Servicio Meteorológico Nacional. Retrieved 6 March 2018.
  8. "NORMALES CLIMATOLÓGICAS" (in Spanish). Servicio Meteorológico Nacional. Retrieved 6 March 2018.
  9. Estado de Veracruz-Llave. División Territorial de 1810 a 1995 (PDF) (in Spanish). Mexico: INEGI. 1996. pp. 120, 317. ISBN 970-13-1517-0.
  10. Topete, José (5 June 2017). "Pese a paridad de género, sólo habrá 57 alcaldesas en Veracruz". Al Calor Político (in Spanish). Retrieved 6 March 2018.
  11. 1 2 "Resumen municipal: Municipio de Zacualpan". Catálogo de Localidades (in Spanish). SEDESOL. Retrieved 6 March 2018.
  12. Cuadro 14.1: Volumen de la producción forestal maderable por municipio según grupo de especies (PDF). Anuario estadístico y geográfico de Veracruz de Ignacio de la Llave 2016 (in Spanish). INEGI. ISBN 978-607-739-964-3.
  13. "Cuadernillos municipales, 2016: Zacualpan" (PDF) (in Spanish). SEFIPLAN Veracruz. p. 6. Retrieved 6 March 2018.
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