York White Roses
York White Roses|
|Minor league affiliations|
|Major league affiliations|
|Minor league titles|
|League titles||2 (1925), (1969)|
|Bob Hoffman Stadium|
The York White Roses began as members of the short-lived Keystone Association in 1884. The league disbanded after only 20 games. The White Roses transferred to the Eastern League after the Harrisburg Olympics folded. The team remained in the Eastern League until the 1893 season when York joined the Pennsylvania State League.
Turn of the 20th century
York joined the Tri-State League as the York Penn Parks in 1904. The name was quickly changed back to White Roses for the 1905 season. The 1906 season was full of controversy when the rival Lancaster Maroons changed their name to the Red Roses. George Heckert, White Roses manager, publicly denounced Lancaster's team and predicted that Lancaster would end the season in last place after it unveiled new jerseys and a new name days before the season opener against York. Yorkers viewed the change as a copycat maneuver since York had called itself the White Roses since 1884. The Red Roses went on to win the first game, 9–4, and an even heavier rivalry began. Some sources indicate that the rival teams were named for the opposing factions in England's Wars of the Roses.
In 1907, the York franchise was moved to Reading, Pennsylvania, and became the Reading Pretzels for the 1908 season. The White Roses returned to York for the 1909 season. They made another move in 1914 when rival Lancaster Red Roses moved to Atlantic City. After a bad start to the season in York, the White Roses moved to Lancaster and became the Red Roses for the second half of the 1914 season. The franchise remained in Lancaster until The Tri State league broke up at the end of the 1914 season.
New era of White Roses
York is one of the six original teams of the New York–Pennsylvania League, joining for the inaugural season in 1923. The White Roses quickly became one of the powerhouse franchises in the League and won their first league championship on September 25, 1925, defeating the Williamsport Grays 5–3, in 11 innings in the fourth and final game of a best-of-five series. York first baseman Del Bissonette homered in the bottom of the 11th to clinch the title.
The White Roses were unaffiliated until the 1933 season when they became part of the Brooklyn Dodgers minor league system. Financial hardships due to the Great Depression caused this version of the White Roses to fold after the 1933 season. The team came out of the dark in 1936 when the Harrisburg Senators were forced to relocate after the 1935 season. The stay in York was brief, as the franchise moved mid-season, becoming the Trenton Senators on July 2, 1936.
The White Roses joined the Interstate League in 1943, spending most of their seasons in this league (1943–1952) as an affiliate of the Pittsburgh Pirates until 1950. From 1953 to 1955, the White Roses were members of the Piedmont League, affiliated with the St. Louis Browns from 1952 to 1953 and the Baltimore Orioles from 1954 to 1955. Hall of Fame player Brooks Robinson played his first professional season for the 1955 White Roses.
The White Roses re-joined the Eastern League, affiliated with the St. Louis Cardinals, in the 1958 season and played there until the end of the 1959 season. The York White Roses returned in 1962 as a member of the Eastern League, as the Johnstown Red Sox moved to York. The Boston Red Sox affiliation lasted only that season. They were affiliated with the Washington Senators from 1963 to 1967.
In 1968, the team was renamed as the York Pirates, affiliated once again with Pittsburgh. Sunday, April 21, 1968, marked a historic event in York baseball history when the York Pirates and Reading Phillies played the first outdoor game on artificial turf at York's Memorial Stadium. York lost 5–3 but the 6,248 audience was also the largest crowd in York's minor-league history.
The 1969 season was the last season of York minor-league baseball in the 20th century. After many dismal seasons in the 1960s the York Pirates made it to the Finals against the Pittsfield Red Sox. Pittsfield won the first game of the series 7–4 but the remaining games of the Championship were rained out and York was named champions (York was in first place in the league that season).
The White Roses had numerous ballparks during the first half of the 20th century. In 1947, York moved its minor-league team from Memorial Field in West York, Pennsylvania, to Memorial Stadium in York. York's minor-league clubs continued to play at Veterans Memorial Stadium/Bob Hoffman Stadium until the York Pirates folded at the end of the 1969 season.
Hall of Fame Alumni
- Brooks Robinson Inducted, 1983
- Joe Coleman (1966-1967) MLB All-Star
- Ripper Collins (1923) 3 x MLB All-Star
- Tito Francona (1952) MLB All-Star
- Lonny Frey (1932) 3 x MLB All-Star
- Jim Lemon (1964) 2 x MLB All-Star
- Dutch Leonard (1933) 5 x MLB All-Star
- Jack McKeon (1950) 2 x NL Manager of The Year (1999, 2003); Manager: 2003 World Series Champion Florida Marlins
- Mel Parnell (1962) 2 x MLB All-Star
- Ken Raffensberger (1955) MLB All-Star
- Dave Robertson (1928) 2 x NL Home Run Leader (1916-1917)
- Dick Siebert (1933) MLB All-Star
- Del Unser (1966-1967)
- Wilbur Wood (1962) 3 x MLB All-Star
Keystone Association (1884)
|1884||10–10||2nd||Frank Burnham||none||Keystone Association disbanded June 7|
Eastern League (1884)
|10–21||5th||John Murphy||none||York replaced the disbanded Harrisburg team July 18|
Pennsylvania State League (1893)
|1893||51–55||6th||William Stevens / Bill Sharsig|
Tri-State League (1909–1914)
|1909||41–73||8th||Frank Reisling / William Poole||none|
|1910||37–74||8th||Louis Simmel / Jacob Weitzel / Curt Weigand||none|
|1914||16–37||–||George Heckert / Eddie Hooper||York moved to Lancaster (10–46) July 8|
New York–Penn League (1923–1933, 1936)
|1925||77–55||1st (t)||Rube Dessau||League Champs|
|1927||79–58||3rd||Rube Dessau / Johnny Tillman||none|
|1931||73–67||5th||Jack Bentley / Frank Uzmann||none|
|1932||72–66||3rd||Russ Wrightstone / Rube Dessau||none|
|1936||24–45||–||Dutch Dorman / Walter Smallwood||York moved to Trenton (16–54) July 2|
Interstate League (1943–1952)
|1943||73–66||4th||Bunny Griffiths||Lost League Finals|
|1944||69–68||3rd||Bunny Griffiths||Lost in 1st round|
|1948||77–62||3rd||Frank Oceak||Lost League Finals|
|1951||51–88||7th||Joe Bowman / Edward Waleski / Eugene Crumling|
|1952||74–62||3rd||Jim Crandall||Lost in 1st round|
Piedmont League (1953–1955)
|1953||59–70||5th||Mark Christman / Bill Enos / George Hausmann|
|1954||72–67||3rd||George Staller||Lost in 1st round|
|1955||64–65||3rd||George Staller||Lost in 1st round|
Eastern League (1958–1969)
|1958||68–61||3rd||Joe Schultz||Lost in 1st round|
|1959||59–81||6th||Mike Ryba / Ed Lyons|
|1963||63–77||5th||Danny O'Connell / Johnny Schaive||none|
|1967||43–95||8th||Billy Klaus / George Case|
|1969||89–50||1st||Joe Morgan||* League Champs|
- *1969– Playoffs Rained out, York Pirates named Eastern League Champions
- Nineteenth Century Baseball: Year-By-Year Statistics for the Major League Teams, 1871 Through 1900 (ISBN 0-7864-0181-8)
- 1906–1914: A Rose by Any Other Name Archived February 4, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
- York-area baseball through the years – The York Daily Record
- "The York and Lancaster Rivalry". Lancaster County Historical Society. Archived from the original on April 15, 2007. Retrieved May 6, 2006.