Yamunanagar

YamunanagarNJ
Area
YamunanagarNJ
Location in Haryana, India
YamunanagarNJ
YamunanagarNJ (India)
Coordinates: 30°07′59″N 77°17′17″E / 30.133°N 77.288°E / 30.133; 77.288Coordinates: 30°07′59″N 77°17′17″E / 30.133°N 77.288°E / 30.133; 77.288
Country India
State Haryana
District Yamunanagar
Elevation 255 m (837 ft)
Population (2011)[1]
  Area 216,628
  Density 687/km2 (1,780/sq mi)
  Metro[2] 383,318
Languages
  Official Hindi (Pwadhi), Punjabi, Haryanvi
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 135001
Telephone code 1732
ISO 3166 code IN-HR
Vehicle registration HR-02
Sex ratio 877 /
Website http://yamunanagar.nic.in/

Yamunanagar ( pronunciation ) is a city and a municipal corporation in Yamunanagar district in the Indian state of Haryana. This town is known for the cluster of plywood units. It is also known for providing the country's finest timber to even larger industries. The older town is called Jagadhri. The Jagadhri railway station services the city. Though the name is Jagadhri Railway Station, but it is situated in Yamunanagar. There is also another railway station by the name Jagadhri Workshop which is also situated in Yamunanagar. People often get confused because of the name and its location. It used to be a green, clean and prosperous industrial city.In Yamunanagar, there are many big Industries like BILT, Sarswati Sugar Mill, ISGEC , Bharat Starch Mill, etc. However, due to recent spur in Industrial units in and around the city have resulted in severe air, water and soil pollution issues. The city is turning up rapidly with the opening of multiplexes and various high end brand stores. Saroj Bala is the elected Mayor of Yamuna Nagar MC.[3]

Geography

Yamuna Nagar has the river Yamuna (its namesake) running through the district, which forms the eastern boundary with the neighboring Saharanpur district. This boundary is also a state boundary, as Saharanpur is in the state of Uttar Pradesh. The district also separates the Yamuna system from the Satluj river system.

From Yamuna Nagar, Yamuna river enters plain area for the first time. The historical river Saraswati also originates from the place named Adibadri in the district. Towards its northern edge is a sub-mountainous region, which has more forest cover and lots of streams; it is the area where the river Yamuna flows out of the hills and into the plains. The northern boundary is also an interstate boundary with the state of Himachal Pradesh to the north. Sirmour in Himachal is the district to its north with the towns of Nahan and Paonta Sahib close to the boundary with Yamuna nagar.

To its west and northwest is Ambala district, and to its west and southwest is Kurukshetra district. To its south is Karnal district.

Yamunanagar has a Tropical Monsoon climate . It has hot summers and mild winters .Extreme Temperatures go up to 42-44 degree Celsius in summers and may dip to 2-4 degrees celsius in winters .

Wind Pattern is Westerlies from Northwest during most of the times of year . It is from East and South-east during Monsoon months of July and August .

It is the rainiest district of Haryana . Average rainfall in Haryana is 472 mm , Whereas in Yamunanagar it is 850 mm . Highest rainfall was recorded in Jagadhri Tehsil on 14th July 2016 , It was 383 mm / 15 inches of rain in just 6 hours .

Chhachhrauli , Bilaspur tehsils are rainiest tehsils in Haryana . They are known as “Cherapunjji of Haryana” .

Loo blows generally between 15 May to 20th of June . Fog is common in December , January and February.

Demographics

As per provisional data of census 2011, Yamuna Nagar urban agglomeration had a population of 383318, out of which males were 205,346 and females were 177,972. The literacy rate was 85.72 percent.[4]

History

This town was once part of District Ambala before it was made as separate District. The place was earlier known as 'Abdullahpur' which was later renamed by the city's eminent people as Jamnanagar and later on as Yamuna Nagar. The Topra Asokan pillar of Delhi was found in the village Topra Kalan, about 20 km from yamuna Nagar. Archaeological survey of India has found many Harrapan bricks and stones from this area.

Notable Individuals

Religious places

  • Kapal Mochan (Bilaspur)
  • Chitta Mandir (Yamuna Nagar)
  • Saraswati Udgam Sthal (Bilaspur)
  • Gurudwara Sri Guru Tegh Bahadur Sahib (Buria)
  • Panchmukhi Hanuman Mandir (Bilaspur)
  • Adi Badri
  • Prachin Surya Kund Mandir (Amadalpur)
  • Pataleshwar temple (Buria)

Industries

Yamuna Nagar is well known for its industries. It has emerged as an important industrial destination in the state. This has been despite its relatively isolated location from rest of the state. Due to expanding industries, the city kept on extending geographically. This is primarily due to an increasing number of immigrants. This led to an intermixing of diverse culture. It also has to do with the rural ambiance which is reported to have undergone a lot of change. With increasing population, the trading aspects became brighter and the city went on becoming the second highest revenue generator of Haryana, immediately after Faridabad that owes its position largely to its prime location.

The city has a paper manufacturer giant. Ballarpur Industries Limited (BILT) is a flagship of the US$4 bn Avantha Group and India's largest manufacturer of writing and printing (W&P) paper.

The city produces sugar machinery, paper machinery along with highly efficient equipments for petrochemical plants, which are shipped to various refineries across the country. The city is also known for its plywood industries, which is attributed to the easy accessibility of primary raw material poplar tree. It has also one of India's largest railway carriage and wagon repair workshops. Recently, Reliance Infrastructure has also installed Deenbandhu Chhotu Ram Thermal Power Station in the town. Haryana Urban Development Authority has done major development work in the land stretch linking the city with Jagadhri, the other part of twin city. Jagadhri is as also known as the 'Brass City', and famous for its brass and stainless steel utensils.There is a one industry in yamunanagar in Digital Marketing [Bulk Sms India].

Institute

Colleges and other educational institutes include:

  • Institute of business, management and technology, Bhambholi
  • Seth Jai Prakash Institute of Engineering & Technology
  • Global research institute of management & technology, radaur
  • Mukand Lal national college
  • Guru nanak khalsa college
  • DAV college
  • Haryana Engineering college, jagadhri
  • Yamuna institute of engineering and technology, Gadhola, Jagadhri Road, Yamuna Nagar, Haryana 133103
  • Ganpati institute of technology and management
  • Tilak Raj Chadha Institute of Management and Technology
  • Guru nanak girls college (GNG)
  • DAV Dental college (Dayanand)
  • Maharaja Agrasen Institute of Management and Technology, Jagadhri

Agriculture

Due to the abundant presence of water, fertile soil, and warm climate, farming is an important part of Yamuna Nagar. Some of the more commonly grown crops are sugarcane, rice, wheat, and garlic. In addition to conventional farming, many farmers of Yamuna Nagar also participate in agroforestry; poplar or eucalyptus trees are often included in these projects.

Tourism

Located at the base of Shivalik Hills, Yamuna Nagar has moderately developed tourism industry.

Kalesar National Park is one of the tourist spots which can be seen here. The place is located at the borders of Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Punjab and Uttarakhand.

Additional information

The Western Yamuna Canal of the river Yamuna flows on one side of the city. This canal serves the irrigation needs of the farmers. The canal has century old path ways, known locally as pattris, on both sides which serve as connecting routes between villages even today and also help the irrigation department to maintain the canal and serve as a perfect scenic walk—with water on one side and green lush farms on other. The river marks the boundary of the district with the state of Uttar Pradesh, which borders the city on the eastern side of river Yamuna. The neighbouring city is Saharanpur in the state of Uttar Pradesh. In the north, the district borders the state of Himachal Pradesh, Sirmaur being the district and the towns of Nahan and Paonta Sahib being the towns nearby. Tajewala headworks—from where the Yamuna canal is diverted—also lies north of the city. Jagadhri is an adjoining town famous for its industrial brass sheet and stainless steel industry.

Old name- (Abdullapur)

Railways

Yamunanagar has Two Railway station named Yamuna Nagar-Jagadhri & Jagadhri Workshop Railway station. It is on the popular direct route Amritsar - Kolkata.

Roadways

Yamunanagar is well-connected to Delhi and other cities in Haryana like Panipat, Karnal, Ambala, Kurukshetra and Rohtak. four-laning of highway connecting Yamunanagar to the state capital of Chandigarh via Panchkula is under process

See also

References

  1. "Cities having population 1 lakh and above, Census 2011" (PDF). Censusindia.gov.in. Retrieved 2015-11-21.
  2. "Provisional Population Totals, Census of India 2011" (PDF). Censusindia.gov.in. Retrieved 2015-11-21.
  3. "Panipat gets first Mayor". Dailypioneer.com. 2013-07-04. Retrieved 2015-11-21.
  4. "Urban Agglomerations/Cities having population 1 lakh and above" (PDF). Provisional Population Totals, Census of India 2011. Retrieved 2012-07-26.
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