World Fencing Championships

World Fencing Championships
Status active
Genre Fencing World championship
Date(s) varying
Frequency annual
Country varying
Inaugurated 1921 (1921)
Most recent 2018
Next event 2019
Organised by FIE
Website www.fie.ch

The World Fencing Championships is an annual competition in fencing organized by the Fédération Internationale d'Escrime or FIE, (International Fencing Federation in English). The world championships are, after the Olympic Games, the most prominent international competition in the sport of fencing. Contestants may participate in foil, épée, and sabre events.

History

The FIE first organized an international fencing championship in Paris in 1921. The competition in its early years was named the European Championships (Championnats d'Europe) and the initial participants were members of the fencing federations of the FIE. In 1921, the only event was men's épée individual. In 1922 and 1923, men's sabre individual was also held. In 1925, only men's sabre individual was held. Since 1926, men's individual events have been held in all three weapons: épée, foil, and sabre. In 1929, women's foil was added to the program as well as a men's foil team event. Men's épée and sabre teams were added in 1930 and women's foil team in 1932. Women's épée individual and team events were added in 1988 and women's sabre individual and team in 1999.

After the 1936 Olympics, the government of Benito Mussolini in Italy offered national recognition and privileges to winners of Olympic or world titles but not European titles.[1] The Italian fencing federation requested that the FIE change the name of the European Championships to World Championships (Championnats du Monde). The FIE approved this request and gave retroactive World Championship status to the previous European Championships.

Since 1921, the FIE championships have occurred annually except for an interruption forced by World War II from 1939 to 1946 and in some of the years when the Summer Olympics are held. The fencing competitions at the Summer Olympics have served as the World Championships of the year for the relevant events. Since 1932, World Championships have been held during the Olympic years only for those events not being held during that year's Summer Olympics. For the years 1932, 1936, 1948, 1952, and 1956, World Championships were held only in Women's Foil Team since that event was not on the Olympic program during those years. After this event was added to the Olympic program beginning with the 1960 Olympics, the FIE stopped holding World Championships during the Olympic years until 1988 when women's épée individual and women's épée team events were added to the World Championship program but the IOC declined to add these events to the Olympic program. A World Championship in these two events was again held in 1992 for the same reason. Finally, in 1996 the IOC added these two events to the Olympic program and the FIE again stopped holding a World Championship in an Olympic year.

When the FIE added women's sabre to the World Championships in 1999, the IOC refused to add these two events to the 2000 Olympic program and so the FIE held a World Championships in only women's sabre in 2000. For the 2004 Olympics, the IOC allowed women's sabre to be contested at the Olympics but only under the condition that the number of fencing events being contested (individual and team) remain at ten. The FIE reluctantly agreed to this condition and has satisfied it by not contesting two of the team events at the Olympics but holding World Championships for them instead during those years. So World Championships have been held but Olympic events have not been held (2004–2016) for the following events:

  • 2004 – women's foil team, women's sabre team
  • 2008 – men's foil team, women's épée team
  • 2012 – men's épée team, women's sabre team
  • 2016 – men's sabre team, women's foil team

From 2020 Summer Olympics, all 12 fencing events are held, which means no World Championships are held on Olympic years.[2]

Naming

These World Fencing Championships are usually referred to as Senior World Fencing Championships because the FIE also runs three other World Championships. Beginning in 1950, the FIE also sanctioned an annual competitions which it originally called the Junior World Criterium (Criterium Mondial des Jeunes). Entries were originally restricted to those 21 years of age or lower but in 1960 the age limit was dropped to 20. In 1964, the name of the competition was officially changed to Junior World Championships and world championship status was retroactively granted to the participants of the previous competitions.

Beginning in 1987, the FIE began sanctioning an annual competition called the Cadet World Championships. Entries were restricted to those 17 years of age or lower. Originally the Junior and Cadet World Championships were held in different cities on different dates but beginning in 1993 they've been called the Junior/Cadet World Championships and have been held at the same venue with all of the cadet events held first followed by all of the junior events.

Beginning in 1997, the FIE began sanctioning an annual competition called the Veteran World Championships. Entries were restricted to those 40 years of age or older the first year and 50 years or older in subsequent years.

Hosts

EditionHost cityHost country
1921Paris France
1922Paris
Ostend
 France
 Belgium
1923The Hague Netherlands
1925Ostend Belgium
1926Budapest
Ostend
 Hungary
 Belgium
1927Vichy France
1929Naples Italy
1930Liège Belgium
1931Vienna Austria
1932Copenhagen Denmark
1933Budapest Hungary
1934Warsaw Poland
1935Lausanne  Switzerland
1936San Remo Italy
1937Paris France
1938Piešťany Czechoslovakia
1947Lisbon Portugal
1948The Hague Netherlands
1949Cairo Egypt
1950Monte Carlo Monaco
1951Stockholm Sweden
1952Copenhagen Denmark
1953Brussels Belgium
1954Luxembourg Luxembourg
1955Rome Italy
1956London United Kingdom
1957Paris France
1958Philadelphia United States
1959Budapest Hungary
1961Turin Italy
1962Buenos Aires Argentina
1963Gdańsk Poland
1965Paris France
1966Moscow Soviet Union
1967Montreal Canada
1969Havana Cuba
1970Ankara Turkey
1971Vienna Austria
1973Gothenburg Sweden
1974Grenoble France
1975Budapest Hungary
1977Buenos Aires Argentina
1978Hamburg West Germany
1979Melbourne Australia
1981Clermont-Ferrand France
1982Rome Italy
1983Vienna Austria
1985Barcelona Spain
1986Sofia Bulgaria
1987Lausanne  Switzerland
1988Orléans France
1989Denver United States
1990Lyon France
1991Budapest Hungary
1992Havana Cuba
1993Essen Germany
1994Athens Greece
1995The Hague Netherlands
1997Cape Town South Africa
1998La Chaux-de-Fonds  Switzerland
1999Seoul South Korea
2000Budapest Hungary
2001Nîmes France
2002Lisbon Portugal
2003Havana Cuba
2004New York City United States
2005Leipzig Germany
2006Turin Italy
2007Saint Petersburg Russia
2008Beijing China
2009Antalya Turkey
2010Paris France
2011Catania Italy
2012Kiev Ukraine
2013Budapest Hungary
2014Kazan Russia
2015Moscow Russia
2016Rio de Janeiro Brazil
2017Leipzig Germany
2018Wuxi China
2019Budapest Hungary

Hosting tally

Hosting nations 1937–2017
Times hosted Host country
9  France
7  Hungary,  Italy
3  Cuba,  United States,  Russia,  Germany
2  Argentina,  Austria,  Netherlands,  Portugal,  Sweden,   Switzerland,  Turkey
1  Australia,  Belgium,  Bulgaria,  Canada,  China,  Denmark,  Egypt,  Greece,  Luxembourg,  Monaco,
 Poland,  Czechoslovakia,  South Korea,  South Africa,  Soviet Union,  Spain,  Ukraine,  United Kingdom,  West Germany,  Brazil

World champions

Épée

Year Men's individual Women's individual Men's team Women's team
1921 Lucien Gaudin
1922 Raoul Heide
1923 Wouter Brouwer
1926 Georges Tainturier
1927 Georges Buchard
1929 Philippe Cattiau
1930 Philippe Cattiau  Belgium
1931 Georges Buchard  Italy
1933 Georges Buchard  Italy
1934 Pál Dunay  France
1935 Hans Drakenberg  France
1937 Bernard Schmetz  Italy
1938 Michel Pécheux  France
1939–1946 did not take place due to World War II
1947 Edouard Artigas  France
1949 Dario Mangiarotti  Italy
1950 Mogens Lüchow  Italy
1951 Edoardo Mangiarotti  France
1953 József Sákovics  Italy
1954 Edoardo Mangiarotti  Italy
1955 Giorgio Anglesio  Italy
1957 Armand Mouyal  Italy
1958 Bill Hoskyns  Italy
1959 Bruno Habārovs  Hungary
1961 Jack Guittet  Soviet Union
1962 István Kausz  France
1963 Roland Losert  Poland
1965 Zoltán Nemere  France
1966 Aleksey Nikanchikov  France
1967 Aleksey Nikanchikov  Soviet Union
1969 Bohdan Andrzejewski  Soviet Union
1970 Aleksey Nikanchikov  Hungary
1971 Grigori Kriss  Hungary
1973 Rolf Edling  West Germany
1974 Rolf Edling  Sweden
1975 Alexander Pusch  Sweden
1977 Johan Harmenberg  Sweden
1978 Alexander Pusch  Hungary
1979 Philippe Riboud  Soviet Union
1981 Zoltán Székely  Soviet Union
1982 Jenő Pap  France
1983 Elmar Borrmann  France
1985 Philippe Boisse  West Germany
1986 Philippe Riboud  West Germany
1987 Volker Fischer  Soviet Union
1988 Brigitte Benon  West Germany
1989 Manuel Pereira Anja Straub  Italy  Hungary
1990 Thomas Gerull Taymi Chappe  Italy  West Germany
1991 Andrey Shuvalov Mariann Horváth  Soviet Union  Hungary
1992 Mariann Horváth  Hungary
1993 Pavel Kolobkov Oksana Jermakova  Italy  Hungary
1994 Pavel Kolobkov Laura Chiesa  France  Spain
1995 Éric Srecki Joanna Jakimiuk  Germany  Hungary
1997 Éric Srecki Mirayda García  Cuba  Hungary
1998 Hugues Obry Laura Flessel-Colovic  Hungary  Italy
1999 Arnd Schmitt Laura Flessel-Colovic  France  Hungary
2001 Paolo Milanoli Claudia Bokel  Hungary  Russia
2002 Pavel Kolobkov Hyun Hee  France  Hungary
2003 Fabrice Jeannet Natalia Konrad  Russia  Russia
2005 Pavel Kolobkov Danuta Dmowska  France  France
2006 Lei Wang Tímea Nagy  France  China
2007 Krisztián Kulcsár Britta Heidemann  France  France
2008 events not held  France
2009 Anton Avdeev Lyubov Shutova  France  Italy
2010 Nikolai Novosjolov Maureen Nisima  France  Romania
2011 Paolo Pizzo Li Na  France  Romania
2012 events not held  United States event not held
2013 Nikolai Novosjolov Julia Beljajeva  Hungary  Russia
2014 Ulrich Robeiri Rossella Fiamingo  France  Russia
2015 Géza Imre Rossella Fiamingo  Ukraine  China
2017 Paolo Pizzo Tatyana Gudkova  France  Estonia
2018 Yannick Borel Mara Navarria   Switzerland  United States

Foil

Year Men's individual Women's individual Men's team Women's team
1926 Giorgio Chiavacci
1927 Oreste Puliti
1929 Oreste Puliti Helene Mayer
1930 Giulio Gaudini Jenny Addams  Italy
1931 Lemoine Helene Mayer  Italy
1932  Denmark
1933 Gioachino Guaragna Gwendoline Neligan  Italy  Hungary
1934 Giulio Gaudini Ilona Elek  Italy  Hungary
1935 Andre Gardere Ilona Elek  Italy  Hungary
1936  Germany
1937 Gustavo Marzi Helene Mayer  Italy  Hungary
1938 Gioachino Guaragna Marie Šedivá  Italy
1939–1946 did not take place due to World War II
1947 Christian D'Oriola Ellen Preis  France  Denmark
1948  Denmark
1949 Christian D'Oriola Ellen Preis  Italy
1950 Renzo Nostini Ellen Preis  Italy  France
1951 Manlio Di Rosa Ilona Elek  France  France
1952  Hungary
1953 Christian D'Oriola Irene Camber  France  Hungary
1954 Christian D'Oriola Karen Lachmann  Italy  Hungary
1955 József Gyuricza Lídia Sákovicsné Dömölky  Italy  Hungary
1956  Soviet Union
1957 Mihály Fülöp Alexandra Zabelina  Hungary  Italy
1958 Giancarlo Bergamini Valentina Rastvorova
1959 Allan Jay Emma Yefimova
1961 Ryszard Parulski Adelheid Schmid  Soviet Union  Soviet Union
1962 German Sveshnikov Olga Szabo  Soviet Union  Hungary
1963 Jean Claude Magnan Ildikó Rejtő  Soviet Union  Soviet Union
1965 Jean Claude Magnan Galina Gorokhova  Soviet Union  Soviet Union
1966 German Sveshnikov Tatyana Petrenko-Samusenko  Soviet Union  Soviet Union
1967 Viktor Putyatin Alexandra Zabelina  Romania  Hungary
1969 Friedrich Wessel Elena Novikova-Belova  Soviet Union  Romania
1970 Friedrich Wessel Galina Gorokhova  Soviet Union  Soviet Union
1971 Vasyl Stankovych Marie-Chantal Depetris-Demaille  France  Soviet Union
1973 Christian Noel Valentina Nikonova  Soviet Union  Hungary
1974 Alexander Romankov Ildikó Bóbis  Soviet Union  Soviet Union
1975 Christian Noel Ecaterina Stahl  France  Soviet Union
1977 Alexander Romankov Valentina Sidorova  West Germany  Soviet Union
1978 Didier Flament Valentina Sidorova  Poland  Soviet Union
1979 Alexander Romankov Cornelia Hanisch  Soviet Union  Soviet Union
1981 Vladimir Smirnov Cornelia Hanisch  Soviet Union  Soviet Union
1982 Alexander Romankov Nailya Gilyazova  Soviet Union  Italy
1983 Alexander Romankov Dorina Vaccaroni  West Germany  Italy
1985 Mauro Numa Cornelia Hanisch  Italy  West Germany
1986 Andrea Borella Anja Fichtel  Italy  Soviet Union
1987 Mathias Gey Elisabeta Tufan  West Germany  Hungary
1989 Alexander Koch Olga Velichko  Soviet Union  West Germany
1990 Philippe Omnes Anja Fichtel  Italy  Italy
1991 Ingo Weissenborn Giovanna Trillini  Cuba  Italy
1993 Alexander Koch Francesca Bortolozzi  Germany  Germany
1994 Rolando Tucker Réka Szabó-Lăzar  Italy  Romania
1995 Dmitriy Shevchenko Laura Badea  Cuba  Italy
1997 Sergei Golubitsky Giovanna Trillini  France  Italy
1998 Sergei Golubitsky Sabine Bau  Poland  Italy
1999 Sergei Golubitsky Valentina Vezzali  France  Germany
2001 Salvatore Sanzo Valentina Vezzali  France  Italy
2002 Simone Vanni Svetlana Boiko  Germany  Russia
2003 Peter Joppich Valentina Vezzali  Italy  Poland
2004 events not held  Italy
2005 Salvatore Sanzo Valentina Vezzali  France  South Korea
2006 Peter Joppich Margherita Granbassi  France  Russia
2007 Peter Joppich Valentina Vezzali  France  Poland
2008 events not held  Italy event not held
2009 Andrea Baldini Aida Shanaeva  Italy  Italy
2010 Peter Joppich Elisa Di Francisca  China  Italy
2011 Andrea Cassarà Valentina Vezzali  China  Russia
2013 Miles Chamley-Watson Arianna Errigo  Italy  Italy
2014 Aleksey Cheremisinov Arianna Errigo  France  Italy
2015 Yuki Ota Inna Deriglazova  Italy  Italy
2016 events not held  Russia
2017 Dmitry Zherebchenko Inna Deriglazova  Italy  Italy
2018 Alessio Foconi Alice Volpi  Italy  United States

Sabre

Year Men's individual Women's individual Men's team Women's team
1922 Adrianus de Jong
1923 Adrianus de Jong
1926 Sándor Gombos
1925 János Garay
1927 Sándor Gombos
1929 Gyula Glykais
1930 György Piller  Hungary
1931 György Piller  Hungary
1933 Endre Kabos  Hungary
1934 Endre Kabos  Hungary
1935 Aladár Gerevich  Hungary
1937 Pál Kovács  Hungary
1938 Aldo Montano  Italy
1939-1946 did not take place due to World War II
1947 Aldo Montano  Italy
1949 Gastone Darè  Italy
1950 Jean Levavasseur  Italy
1951 Aladár Gerevich  Hungary
1953 Pál Kovács  Hungary
1954 Rudolf Kárpáti  Hungary
1955 Aladár Gerevich  Hungary
1957 Jerzy Pawłowski  Hungary
1958 Yakov Rylsky  Hungary
1959 Rudolf Kárpáti  Poland
1961 Yakov Rylsky  Poland
1962 Zoltán Horváth  Poland
1963 Yakov Rylsky  Poland
1965 Jerzy Pawłowski  Soviet Union
1966 Jerzy Pawłowski  Hungary
1967 Mark Rakita  Soviet Union
1969 Viktor Sidjak  Soviet Union
1970 Tibor Pézsa  Soviet Union
1971 Michele Maffei  Soviet Union
1973 Mario Aldo Montano  Hungary
1974 Mario Aldo Montano  Soviet Union
1975 Vladimir Nazlymov  Soviet Union
1977 Pál Gerevich  Soviet Union
1978 Viktor Krovopuskov  Hungary
1979 Vladimir Nazlymov  Soviet Union
1981 Mariusz Wodke  Hungary
1982 Viktor Krovopuskov  Hungary
1983 Vasil Etropolski  Soviet Union
1985 György Nébald  Soviet Union
1986 Sergey Mindirgasov  Soviet Union
1987 Jean-François Lamour  Soviet Union
1989 Grigory Kiriyenko  Soviet Union
1990 György Nébald  Soviet Union
1991 Grigory Kiriyenko  Hungary
1993 Grigory Kiriyenko  Hungary
1994 Felix Becker  Russia
1995 Grigory Kiriyenko  Italy
1997 Stanislav Pozdnyakov  France
1998 Luigi Tarantino  Hungary
1999 Damien Touya Yelena Jemayeva  France  Italy
2000 event not held Yelena Jemayeva event not held  United States
2001 Stanislav Pozdnyakov Anne-Lise Touya  Russia  Russia
2002 Stanislav Pozdnyakov Tan Xue  Russia  Russia
2003 Volodymyr Lukashenko Dorina Mihai  Russia  Italy
2004 events not held  Russia
2005 Mihai Covaliu Anne-Lise Touya  Russia  United States
2006 Stanislav Pozdnyakov Rebecca Ward  France  France
2007 Stanislav Pozdnyakov Yelena Nechayeva  Hungary  France
2008 events not held
2009 Nicolas Limbach Mariel Zagunis  Romania  Ukraine
2010 Won Woo-Young Mariel Zagunis  Russia  Russia
2011 Aldo Montano Sofiya Velikaya  Russia  Russia
2012 events not held  Russia
2013 Veniamin Reshetnikov Olha Kharlan  Russia  Ukraine
2014 Nikolay Kovalev Olha Kharlan  Germany  United States
2015 Aleksey Yakimenko Sofiya Velikaya  Italy  Russia
2016 events not held  Russia event not held
2017 András Szatmári Olha Kharlan  South Korea  Italy
2018 Kim Jung-hwan Sofia Pozdniakova  South Korea  France

Medal table

This table has been last updated after 2018 World Fencing Championships. This only counts the World Championships since 1937 and do not include the results of the fencing competitions at the Summer Olympics.

Rank Nation Gold Silver Bronze Total
1 Italy118102124344
2 Hungary908494268
3 Soviet Union905750197
4 France899795270
5 Russia532637116
6 Germany
 West Germany
 East Germany
Total 
22
25
1
48
29
26
1
56
39
14
3
56
90
65
5
160
7 Poland17293985
8 Romania13252866
9 Ukraine11111537
10 United States9121031
11 China7181732
12 Sweden7131736
13 South Korea6111936
14 Cuba65920
15 Estonia56617
16 Denmark43310
17 Austria4059
18 Great Britain34411
19  Switzerland281020
20 Azerbaijan2147
21 Bulgaria1348
22 Czechoslovakia1315
23 Spain1269
24 Japan1146
25 Belgium0257
26 Venezuela0202
27 Canada0123
28 Portugal0101
29 Egypt0077
30 Netherlands0033
31 Tunisia0134
32 Belarus0022
33 Colombia0011
 Finland0011
 Norway0011
Total5245236371680

Multiple medalists

The list refers to individual and team events and include men and women (in pink color), sorted by number of individual titles.[3][4]

# FencerIndividualTeamTotal
1 Valentina Vezzali 624 1040 1664
2 Stanislav Pozdnyakov 530 522 1052
3 Alexandr Romankov 510 513 1023
4 Pavel Kolobkov 412 212 624
5 Christian d'Oriola 410 420 830
6 Jerzy Pawłowski 341 421 765

See also

References

  1. Cohen. By the Sword. pp. 375, footnote.
  2. Fencing To Have Full Medal Count in Tokyo 2020 Olympics fencing.net
  3. "Les escrimeurs multimédaillés aux Championnats du Monde" (in French). sportquick.com. Retrieved 28 April 2012.
  4. "Intervista a Valentina Vezzali - "Mi sono risollevata da sola" (in Italian). cataniaescrime2011.com. Retrieved 28 April 2012.

Sources

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