World Curling Championships

World Curling Championships
World Women's Curling Championship trophy
Sport Curling
Founded 1959 (men)
1979 (women)
No. of teams 13
Most recent
champion(s)
 Sweden (men)
 Canada (women)
Most titles  Canada (men; 36 titles)
 Canada (women; 17 titles)

The World Curling Championships are the annual world championships for curling, organized by the World Curling Federation and contested by national championship teams. There are men's, women's and mixed doubles championships, as well as junior and senior championships for each gender. There is also a world championship for wheelchair curling. The men's championship started in 1959, while the women's started in 1979. The mixed doubles championship was started in 2008. Since 2005, the men's and women's championships have been held in different venues, with Canada hosting one of the two championships every year: the men's championship in odd years, and the women's championship in even years. Canada has dominated both the men's and women's championships since their inception, although Switzerland, Sweden, Denmark, Germany (West Germany), Scotland, the United States and Norway have all won at least one championship.

History

The World Curling Championships began in 1959 as the Scotch Cup. The first three Cups were contested between men's teams from Scotland and Canada. The United States joined the Scotch Cup in 1961, and Sweden also joined the next year. Canada won the first six world titles, of which the legendary rink skipped by Ernie Richardson earned four. The United States was the first country to break Canada's streak, winning their first world title in 1965. By 1967, Norway, Switzerland, France, and Germany were added to the Scotch Cup, and Scotland won their first title, while Canada finished without a medal for the first time. The tournament was renamed the Air Canada Silver Broom the year after that, and Canada strung together five consecutive world titles starting in that year.

In 1973, the competing field was expanded to ten teams, and Italy and Denmark were introduced to the world stage. Sweden, Switzerland, and Norway won their first titles in the following years, and Canada continued to win medals of all colours. In 1979, the first edition of the women's World Curling Championships was held. The championships were held separately from the men's championships for the first ten years. During this time, Switzerland, Canada, Sweden, Denmark, and Germany won world titles.

Beginning in 1989, the men's and women's championships were held together. Norway won their first world women's title. In 1995, Ford Canada and the World Curling Federation reached an agreement to make Ford the sponsor of the World Curling Championships. Japan, the first nation from Asia to compete in the worlds, made their debut in 1990 at the women's championship, and later in 2000 at the men's championship. South Korea and China followed suit in the 2000s. Scotland won their first women's title in 2002, and the United States won their first women's title the next year.

In 2005, the men's and women's championships were separated, and an agreement was made between the World Curling Federation and the Canadian Curling Association that Canada would host one of the tournaments annually each year, all of which are title sponsored by Ford of Canada. Canada began a streak of top two finishes in the men's tournament, and China won their first world title in the women's tournament in 2009.

In 2008, a world championship for mixed doubles curling was created. Switzerland won the first world mixed doubles title, and proceeded to win four of the first five titles. Russia and Hungary won their first world curling titles in the mixed doubles championship, and New Zealand, France, Austria, and the Czech Republic won their first world curling medals.

In 2015, a world championship for mixed curling was created, replacing the European Mixed Curling Championship and supplanting the European Mixed and Canadian Mixed curling championships as the highest level of mixed curling in the world.[1]

Bronze medals were not awarded until 1985 for the women's tournament and 1986 for the men's tournament. Between 1989 and 1994, the bronze medal was shared by the semifinals losers.

Tournament names

The World Curling Championships have been known by a number of different names over the years.

Men

  • 1959–1967: Scotch Cup
  • 1968–1985: Air Canada Silver Broom
  • 1986–1988: IOC President's Cup (Hexagon)
  • 1989–1990: WCF Championships
  • 1991–1992: Safeway World Curling Championship
  • 1993–1994: WCF Championships
  • 1995–2004: Ford World Curling Championship
  • 2005–present: Ford World Men's Curling Championship (odd years)
  • 2006–present: World Men's Curling Championship (even years)

Women

  • 1979–1981: Royal Bank of Scotland World Curling Championships
  • 1982: World Curling Championships
  • 1983: Pioneer Life World Curling Championships
  • 1984: World Curling Championships
  • 1985: H&M World Curling Championships
  • 1986–1990: World Curling Championships
  • 1991–1992: Safeway World Curling Championships
  • 1993–1994: World Curling Championships
  • 1995–2004: Ford World Curling Championships
  • 2005–present: World Women's Curling Championship (odd years)
  • 2006–present: Ford World Women's Curling Championship (even years)

Competition format

The first two world championships, held as competitions between Scotland and Canada, were held as five-game series between the two nations. Upon the addition of the United States in 1961, the format was changed to a double round robin preliminary round with a three-team knockout round at the conclusion of the round robin. The knockout round was removed for the next two championships. With the addition of more teams, a single round robin preliminary round with a four-team knockout round was implemented in 1971. The championships occurring from 1968 to 1970 included three-team knockout rounds instead of four-team knockout rounds. The knockout round format was adjusted from single-elimination to the Page playoff system in 2005.

In the championships held from 1971 to 1985, third place was awarded to either the team that lost in the semifinal of a three-team knockout round or the higher-seeded team among the losing teams of a four-team knockout round. A bronze medal game was added to the knockout round in 1986, but bronze medal games were not held from 1989 to 1994, during which bronze medals were awarded to the teams that lost in the semifinals.

Until 2017 format of the world championships used a twelve team round-robin preliminary round, after which the top four teams advance to a knockout round held using the Page playoff system.

Starting in 2018 there are 13 teams playing round-robin preliminary round with top six advancing to a single-elimination knockout with top two receiving bye to the semifinals.[2] This includes two teams from the Americas zone, eight from the European zone (via the European Curling Championships) and three from the Asia-Pacific zone (via the Pacific-Asia Curling Championships). For 2019, the number of teams from the Asia-Pacific zone will be reduced by one, and there will be also be one less team from the zone of the bottom-placed team at the 2018 championships.[3]. The two slots will be allocated to teams from the new World Curling Championships qualification event. The qualification event will have eight teams: the host country, one team from the Americas, two from Pacific-Asia, and four from Europe.

Championships

Men

YearHostChampionFinalist
1959 Falkirk, Perth, and Edinburgh, Scotland  Canada  Scotland
1960 Ayr, Edinburgh, and Glasgow, Scotland  Canada (2)  Scotland
1961 Ayr, Kirkcaldy, Perth, and Edinburgh, Scotland  Canada (3)  Scotland
1962 Falkirk and Edinburgh, Scotland  Canada (4)  United States
1963 Perth, Scotland  Canada (5)  Scotland
1964 Calgary, Canada  Canada (6)  Scotland
1965 Perth, Scotland  United States  Canada
1966 Vancouver, Canada  Canada (7)  Scotland
1967 Perth, Scotland  Scotland  Sweden
1968 Pointe-Claire, Canada  Canada (8)  Scotland
1969 Perth, Scotland  Canada (9)  United States
1970 Utica, United States  Canada (10)  Scotland
1971 Megève, France  Canada (11)  Scotland
1972 Garmisch-Partenkirchen, Germany  Canada (12)  United States
1973 Regina, Canada  Sweden  Canada
1974 Berne, Switzerland  United States (2)  Sweden
1975 Perth, Scotland   Switzerland  United States
1976 Duluth, United States  United States (3)  Scotland
1977 Karlstad, Sweden  Sweden (2)  Canada
1978 Winnipeg, Canada  United States (4)  Norway
1979 Berne, Switzerland  Norway   Switzerland
1980 Moncton, Canada  Canada (13)  Norway
1981 London, Canada   Switzerland (2)  United States
1982 Garmisch-Partenkirchen, Germany  Canada (14)   Switzerland
1983 Regina, Canada  Canada (15)  Germany
1984 Duluth, United States  Norway (2)   Switzerland
1985 Glasgow, Scotland  Canada (16)  Sweden
1986 Toronto, Canada  Canada (17)  Scotland
1987 Vancouver, Canada  Canada (18)  Germany
1988 Lausanne, Switzerland  Norway (3)  Canada
1989 Milwaukee, United States  Canada (19)   Switzerland
1990 Västerås, Sweden  Canada (20)  Scotland
1991 Winnipeg, Canada  Scotland (2)  Canada
1992 Garmisch-Partenkirchen, Germany   Switzerland (3)  Scotland
1993 Geneva, Switzerland  Canada (21)  Scotland
1994 Oberstdorf, Germany  Canada (22)  Sweden
1995 Brandon, Canada  Canada (23)  Scotland
1996 Hamilton, Canada  Canada (24)  Scotland
1997 Berne, Switzerland  Sweden (3)  Germany
1998 Kamloops, Canada  Canada (25)  Sweden
1999 Saint John, Canada  Scotland (3)  Canada
2000 Glasgow, Scotland  Canada (26)  Sweden
2001 Lausanne, Switzerland  Sweden (4)   Switzerland
2002 Bismarck, United States  Canada (27)  Norway
2003 Winnipeg, Canada  Canada (28)   Switzerland
2004 Gävle, Sweden  Sweden (5)  Germany
2005 Victoria, Canada  Canada (29)  Scotland
2006 Lowell, United States  Scotland (4)  Canada
2007 Edmonton, Canada  Canada (30)  Germany
2008 Grand Forks, United States  Canada (31)  Scotland
2009 Moncton, Canada  Scotland (5)  Canada
2010 Cortina d'Ampezzo, Italy  Canada (32)  Norway
2011 Regina, Canada  Canada (33)  Scotland
2012 Basel, Switzerland  Canada (34)  Scotland
2013 Victoria, Canada[4][5]  Sweden (6)  Canada
2014 Beijing, China  Norway (4)  Sweden
2015 Halifax, Canada  Sweden (7)  Norway
2016 Basel, Switzerland[6]  Canada (35)  Denmark
2017 Edmonton, Canada[7]  Canada (36)  Sweden
2018 Las Vegas, United States[8]  Sweden (8)  Canada
2019 Lethbridge, Canada[9]
2020 Glasgow, Scotland[10]

Women

YearHostChampionFinalist
1979 Perth, Scotland   Switzerland  Sweden
1980 Perth, Scotland  Canada  Sweden
1981 Perth, Scotland  Sweden  Canada
1982 Geneva, Switzerland  Denmark  Sweden
1983 Moose Jaw, Canada   Switzerland (2)  Norway
1984 Perth, Scotland  Canada (2)   Switzerland
1985 Jönköping, Sweden  Canada (3)  Scotland
1986 Kelowna, Canada  Canada (4)  Germany
1987 Chicago, United States  Canada (5)  Germany
1988 Glasgow, Scotland  Germany  Canada
1989 Milwaukee, United States  Canada (6)  Norway
1990 Västerås, Sweden  Norway  Scotland
1991 Winnipeg, Canada  Norway (2)  Canada
1992 Garmisch-Partenkirchen, Germany  Sweden (2)  United States
1993 Geneva, Switzerland  Canada (7)  Germany
1994 Oberstdorf, Germany  Canada (8)  Scotland
1995 Brandon, Canada  Sweden (3)  Canada
1996 Hamilton, Canada  Canada (9)  United States
1997 Berne, Switzerland  Canada (10)  Norway
1998 Kamloops, Canada  Sweden (4)  Denmark
1999 Saint John, Canada  Sweden (5)  United States
2000 Glasgow, Scotland  Canada (11)   Switzerland
2001 Lausanne, Switzerland  Canada (12)  Sweden
2002 Bismarck, United States  Scotland  Sweden
2003 Winnipeg, Canada  United States  Canada
2004 Gävle, Sweden  Canada (13)  Norway
2005 Paisley, Scotland  Sweden (6)  United States
2006 Grande Prairie, Canada  Sweden (7)  United States
2007 Aomori, Japan  Canada (14)  Denmark
2008 Vernon, Canada  Canada (15)  China
2009 Gangneung, South Korea  China  Sweden
2010 Swift Current, Canada  Germany (2)  Scotland
2011 Esbjerg, Denmark  Sweden (8)  Canada
2012 Lethbridge, Canada[11]   Switzerland (3)  Sweden
2013 Riga, Latvia[12]  Scotland (2)  Sweden
2014 Saint John, Canada   Switzerland (4)  Canada
2015 Sapporo, Japan[13]   Switzerland (5)  Canada
2016 Swift Current, Canada[14]   Switzerland (6)  Japan
2017 Beijing, China[15]  Canada (16)  Russia
2018 North Bay, Canada[16]  Canada (17)  Sweden
2019 Silkeborg, Denmark[17]
2020 TBD, Canada

Mixed

YearHostChampionFinalist
2015 Bern, Switzerland  Norway  Sweden
2016 Kazan, Russia[18]  Russia  Sweden
2017 Champéry, Switzerland[19]  Scotland  Canada

Mixed Doubles

YearHostChampionFinalist
2008 Vierumäki, Finland   Switzerland  Finland
2009 Cortina d'Ampezzo, Italy   Switzerland (2)  Hungary
2010 Chelyabinsk, Russia  Russia  New Zealand
2011 St. Paul, United States   Switzerland (3)  Russia
2012 Erzurum, Turkey[20]   Switzerland (4)  Sweden
2013 Fredericton, Canada[21]  Hungary  Sweden
2014 Dumfries, Scotland[22]   Switzerland (5)  Sweden
2015 Sochi, Russia[23]  Hungary (2)  Sweden
2016 Karlstad, Sweden[24]  Russia (2)  China
2017 Lethbridge, Canada[25]   Switzerland (6)  Canada
2018 Östersund, Sweden   Switzerland (7)  Russia

Wheelchair

YearHostChampionFinalist
2002 Sursee, Switzerland   Switzerland  Canada
2004 Sursee, Switzerland  Scotland   Switzerland
2005 Braehead, Scotland  Scotland (2)  Denmark
2007 Sollefteå, Sweden  Norway   Switzerland
2008 Sursee, Switzerland  Norway (2)  South Korea
2009 Vancouver, Canada  Canada  Sweden
2011 Prague, Czech Republic  Canada (2)  Scotland
2012 Chuncheon City, South Korea  Russia  South Korea
2013 Sochi, Russia  Canada (3)  Sweden
2015 Lohja, Finland[26]  Russia (2)  China
2016 Lucerne, Switzerland[27]  Russia (3)  Norway
2017 Gangneung, South Korea[28]  Norway (3)  Russia
2019 Stirling, Scotland[29]

National championships

Men

Women

See also

References

  1. "WCF Annual General Assembly 2014 - 7 September". World Curling Federation. 7 September 2014. Retrieved 7 September 2014.
  2. "World Curling Championships to grow after Annual General Assembly". World Curling Federation. Retrieved 20 May 2018.
  3. PDF from
  4. "Victoria, Canada awarded 2013 Ford World Men's Curling Championship". 18 October 2011.
  5. "WCF and CCA deal on future of World Championships in Canada". 8 August 2010. Retrieved 26 September 2010.
  6. "World Men's Curling Championship returns to Basel, Switzerland in 2016". World Curling Federation. 26 February 2014. Retrieved 23 December 2014.
  7. "Edmonton to host Ford World Men's Curling Championship 2017". World Curling Federation. 19 January 2016. Retrieved 19 January 2016.
  8. "Fabulous Las Vegas awarded World Men's Curling Championship 2018". World Curling Federation. 5 November 2015. Retrieved 5 November 2015.
  9. "Lethbridge to host 2019 World Men's Curling Championship". Curling Canada. 14 March 2018. Retrieved 20 May 2018.
  10. "Scotland awarded four international curling championships". World Curling Federation. 23 December 2014. Retrieved 23 December 2014.
  11. "Lethbridge Awarded 2012 WWCC". 6 December 2010. Retrieved 6 December 2010.
  12. "Riga Latvia to host World Women's Curling Championship 2013". Worldcurling.org. Retrieved 2014-02-18.
  13. "WCF Annual General Assembly 2013". World Curling Federation. 2 September 2013. Retrieved 2 September 2013.
  14. "Swift Current to host 2016 Ford World Women's Curling Championship". Canadian Curling Association. 5 November 2014. Retrieved 6 November 2014.
  15. "China to host first World Women's Curling Championship". World Curling Federation. 19 October 2015. Retrieved 19 October 2015.
  16. http://www.worldcurling.org/north-bay-2018
  17. "Silkeborg, Denmark to host World Women's Curling Championship 2019". World Curling Federation. 12 December 2017. Retrieved 25 February 2018.
  18. "Russia to host second World Mixed Curling Championship". World Curling Federation. 29 October 2015. Retrieved 29 October 2015.
  19. "World Mixed Curling Championship 2017". World Curling Federation. Retrieved 20 May 2018.
  20. "Erzurum Turkey to host World Mixed Doubles Championship 2012". Worldcurling.org. 2014-02-13. Retrieved 2014-02-18.
  21. "Fredericton to Stage 2013 World Mixed Doubles and World Senior Curling Championships". Canadian Curling Association. 23 April 2012.
  22. "Dumfries, Scotland to stage 2014 World Mixed Doubles and World Senior Curling Championships". World Curling Federation. 11 April 2013. Retrieved 11 April 2014.
  23. "WCF Annual General Assembly 2014 - 7 September". World Curling Federation. 7 September 2014. Retrieved 7 September 2014.
  24. "Karlstad, Sweden to host World Mixed Doubles and World Senior Curling Championships 2016". World Curling Federation. 25 April 2015. Retrieved 21 May 2015.
  25. "Venue confirmed for World Mixed Doubles and Senior Curling Championships 2017". World Curling Federation. 1 October 2015. Retrieved 1 October 2015.
  26. "Lohja, Finland to host World Wheelchair Curling Championship 2015". World Curling Federation. 29 January 2014. Retrieved 29 January 2014.
  27. "World Wheelchair Curling Championship 2016 to be held in Lucerne, Switzerland". World Curling Federation. 3 January 2015. Retrieved 11 February 2015.
  28. "World Wheelchair Curling Championship 2017 to be held in Gangnung". World Curling Federation. 15 November 2016.
  29. "worldcurling.org/scotland-awarded-four-international-curling-championships". World Curling Federation. 23 December 2014. Retrieved 23 December 2014.
  30. "Finnish Championships - Past seasons". Curling.fi. Retrieved 2014-02-18.

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