World Cup (men's golf)

The World Cup of Golf is a men's golf tournament contested by teams of two representing their country. Only one team is allowed from each country. The players are selected on the basis of the Official World Golf Ranking, although not all of the first choice players choose to compete. The equivalent event for women was the Women's World Cup of Golf, played from 2005 to 2008.

History

The tournament was founded by Canadian industrialist John Jay Hopkins, who hoped it would promote international goodwill through golf. It began in 1953 as the Canada Cup and changed its name to the World Cup in 1967.[1] With Fred Corcoran as the Tournament Director and the International Golf Association behind it (1955–77), the World Cup traveled the globe and grew to be one of golf's most prestigious tournaments throughout the 1960s and 1970s, but interest in the event faded to the point that the event was not held in 1981 or 1986.

The tournament was incorporated into the World Golf Championships series from 2000 to 2006. In 2007 it ceased to be a World Golf Championships event, but continued to be sanctioned by the International Federation of PGA Tours.

From 2007 through 2009 the tournament was held at the Mission Hills Golf Club in Shenzhen, China, receiving the name Mission Hills World Cup. There was no tournament in 2010, it having been announced that the event would change from annual to biennial, held in odd-numbered years, to accommodate the 2016 inclusion of golf at the Olympics.[2] The 2011 tournament was at a new venue — Mission Hills Haikou in the Chinese island province of Hainan.[3]

The United States has a clear lead in wins, with 24 as of 2016.[4]

Format

In 1953, the format was 36 holes of stroke play with the combined score of the two-man team determining the winner. From 1954 to 1999, the format was 72 holes of stroke play. Beginning in 2000, the format became alternating stroke play rounds of bestball (fourball) and alternate shot (foursomes).

The 2013 tournament was primarily an individual event with a team component. The 60-player field was selected based on the Official World Golf Ranking (OWGR) with up to two players per country allowed to qualify (four per country if they are within the top 15 of the OWGR). The format returned to 72 holes of stroke play, with the individuals competing for US$7 million of the $8 million total purse. OWGR points were awarded for the first time. The top two-ranked players from each country competed for the team portion, using combined stroke play scores.[5] The individual portion was similar to what would be used at the 2016 Summer Olympics, except that England, Scotland, and Wales had teams instead of a single Great Britain team as in the Olympics,[6][7] while Northern Ireland and the Republic of Ireland again played as a single team.[7]

In 2016, the format reverted to that used from 2000 to 2011.

From 1955 to 1999, there was also a separate award, the International Trophy, for the individual with the best 72-hole score.

Team winners

YearCountryTeamLocationRunners-up
ISPS Handa Melbourne World Cup of Golf
2018Melbourne, Australia
ISPS Handa World Cup of Golf
2016 DenmarkSøren Kjeldsen & Thorbjørn OlesenMelbourne, Australia Li Haotong & Wu Ashun
Victor Dubuisson & Romain Langasque
Rickie Fowler & Jimmy Walker
2013 AustraliaJason Day & Adam ScottMelbourne, Australia Matt Kuchar & Kevin Streelman
Omega Mission Hills World Cup[8]
2011 United StatesMatt Kuchar & Gary WoodlandHaikou, Hainan Island, China Ian Poulter & Justin Rose
Martin Kaymer & Alex Čejka
2009 ItalyEdoardo Molinari & Francesco MolinariShenzhen, China Henrik Stenson & Robert Karlsson
[9] Rory McIlroy & Graeme McDowell
2008 SwedenRobert Karlsson & Henrik StensonShenzhen, China Miguel Ángel Jiménez & Pablo Larrazábal
2007 ScotlandColin Montgomerie & Marc WarrenShenzhen, China Heath Slocum & Boo Weekley
WGC-World Cup
2006 GermanyBernhard Langer & Marcel SiemSandy Lane Resort, Barbados Colin Montgomerie & Marc Warren
2005 WalesStephen Dodd & Bradley DredgeAlgarve, Portugal Luke Donald & David Howell
Niclas Fasth & Henrik Stenson
2004 EnglandPaul Casey & Luke DonaldSeville, Spain Sergio García & Miguel Ángel Jiménez
2003 South AfricaTrevor Immelman & Rory SabbatiniKiawah Island, South Carolina, United States Paul Casey & Justin Rose
2002 JapanToshimitsu Izawa & Shigeki MaruyamaPuerto Vallarta, Mexico Phil Mickelson & David Toms
2001 South AfricaErnie Els & Retief GoosenGotemba, Japan Thomas Bjørn & Søren Hansen
Michael Campbell & David Smail
David Duval & Tiger Woods
2000 United StatesDavid Duval & Tiger WoodsBuenos Aires, Argentina Eduardo Romero and Ángel Cabrera
World Cup of Golf
1999 United StatesMark O'Meara & Tiger WoodsKuala Lumpur, Malaysia Santiago Luna & Miguel Ángel Martín
1998 EnglandDavid Carter & Nick FaldoAuckland, New Zealand Massimo Florioli & Costantino Rocca
1997 IrelandPádraig Harrington & Paul McGinleyKiawah Island, South Carolina, United States Colin Montgomerie & Raymond Russell
1996 South AfricaErnie Els & Wayne WestnerCape Town, South Africa Steve Jones & Tom Lehman
1995 United StatesFred Couples & Davis Love IIIShenzhen, China Robert Allenby & Steve Elkington
1994 United StatesFred Couples & Davis Love IIIDorado, Puerto Rico Tony Johnstone & Mark McNulty
1993 United StatesFred Couples & Davis Love IIIOrlando, Florida, United States Mark McNulty & Nick Price
World Cup
1992 United StatesFred Couples & Davis Love IIIMadrid, Spain Anders Forsbrand & Per-Ulrik Johansson
1991 SwedenAnders Forsbrand & Per-Ulrik JohanssonRome, Italy Phillip Price & Ian Woosnam
1990 GermanyTorsten Giedeon & Bernhard LangerOrlando, Florida, United States Richard Boxall & Mark James
David Feherty & Ronan Rafferty
1989 AustraliaPeter Fowler & Wayne GradyMarbella, Spain José Maria Cañizares & José María Olazábal
1988 United StatesBen Crenshaw & Mark McCumberMelbourne, Australia Masashi Ozaki & Tateo Ozaki
1987 WalesDavid Llewellyn & Ian WoosnamMaui, Hawaii, United States Sandy Lyle & Sam Torrance
1986No tournament
1985 CanadaDave Barr & Dan HalldorsonLa Quinta, California, United States Howard Clark & Paul Way
1984 SpainJosé Maria Cañizares & José RiveroRome, Italy Gordon Brand, Jnr & Sam Torrance
Hsieh Min-Nan & Chen Tze-Chung
1983 United StatesRex Caldwell & John CookJakarta, Indonesia Terry Gale & Wayne Grady
Jerry Anderson & Dave Barr
1982 SpainJosé Maria Cañizares & Manuel PiñeroAcapulco, Mexico Bobby Clampett & Bob Gilder
1981No tournament
1980 CanadaDan Halldorson & Jim NelfordBogotá, Colombia Sandy Lyle & Steve Martin
1979 United StatesHale Irwin & John MahaffeyAthens, Greece Sandy Lyle & Ken Brown
1978 United StatesJohn Mahaffey & Andy NorthHanalei, Hawaii, United States Wayne Grady & Greg Norman
1977 SpainSeve Ballesteros & Antonio GarridoManila, Philippines Ben Arda & Rudy Lavares
1976 SpainSeve Ballesteros & Manuel PiñeroPalm Springs, California, United States Jerry Pate & Dave Stockton
1975 United StatesLou Graham & Johnny MillerBangkok, Thailand Hsieh Min-Nan & Kuo Chie-Hsiung
1974 South AfricaBobby Cole & Dale HayesCaracas, Venezuela Isao Aoki & Masashi Ozaki
1973 United StatesJohnny Miller & Jack NicklausMarbella, Spain Hugh Baiocchi & Gary Player
1972 Republic of ChinaHsieh Min-Nan & Lu Liang-HuanMelbourne, Australia Takaaki Kono & Takashi Murakami
1971 United StatesJack Nicklaus & Lee TrevinoPalm Beach, Florida, United States Harold Henning & Gary Player
1970 AustraliaBruce Devlin & David GrahamBuenos Aires, Argentina Roberto De Vicenzo & Vicente Fernández
1969 United StatesOrville Moody & Lee TrevinoSingapore Takaaki Kono & Haruo Yasuda
1968 CanadaAl Balding & George KnudsonRome, Italy Julius Boros & Lee Trevino
1967 United StatesJack Nicklaus & Arnold PalmerMexico City, Mexico Bob Charles & Walter Godfrey
Canada Cup
1966 United StatesJack Nicklaus & Arnold PalmerTokyo, Japan Harold Henning & Gary Player
1965 South AfricaHarold Henning & Gary PlayerMadrid, Spain Ángel Miguel & Ramón Sota
1964 United StatesJack Nicklaus & Arnold PalmerMaui, Hawaii, United States Roberto De Vicenzo & Leopoldo Ruiz
1963 United StatesJack Nicklaus & Arnold PalmerParis, France Sebastián Miguel & Ramón Sota
1962 United StatesArnold Palmer & Sam SneadBuenos Aires, Argentina Fidel de Luca & Roberto De Vicenzo
1961 United StatesJimmy Demaret & Sam SneadDorado, Puerto Rico Kel Nagle & Peter Thomson
1960 United StatesArnold Palmer & Sam SneadPortmarnock, Dublin, Ireland Bernard Hunt & Harry Weetman
1959 AustraliaKel Nagle & Peter ThomsonMelbourne, Australia Cary Middlecoff & Sam Snead
1958 IrelandHarry Bradshaw & Christy O'Connor SnrMexico City, Mexico Ángel Miguel & Sebastián Miguel
1957 JapanTorakichi Nakamura & Koichi OnoTokyo, Japan Jimmy Demaret & Sam Snead
1956 United StatesBen Hogan & Sam SneadWentworth, Surrey, England Bobby Locke & Gary Player
1955 United StatesEd Furgol & Chick HarbertWashington, DC, United States Kel Nagle & Peter Thomson
1954 AustraliaKel Nagle & Peter ThomsonMontreal, Canada Antonio Cerdá & Roberto de Vicenzo
1953 ArgentinaAntonio Cerdá & Roberto De VicenzoMontreal, Canada Bill Kerr & Stan Leonard

Individual winners

YearWinnerCountryMargin of
victory
Runner(s)-up
2016: No individual tournament
2013Jason Day Australia2 strokes Thomas Bjørn
2000–2011: No individual tournament
1999Tiger Woods United States9 strokes Frank Nobilo
1998Scott Verplank United States1 stroke Nick Faldo, Costantino Rocca
1997Colin Montgomerie Scotland2 strokes Alex Čejka
1996Ernie Els South Africa3 strokes Wayne Westner
1995Davis Love III United StatesPlayoff Hisayuki Sasaki
1994Fred Couples United States5 strokes Costantino Rocca
1993Bernhard Langer Germany3 strokes Fred Couples
1992Brett Ogle AustraliaPlayoff Ian Woosnam
1991Ian Woosnam Wales3 strokes Bernhard Langer
1990Payne Stewart United States2 strokes Anders Sørensen
1989Peter Fowler Australia1 stroke José María Cañizares, Anders Sørensen
1988Ben Crenshaw United States1 stroke Tateo Ozaki
1987Ian Woosnam Wales5 strokes Sandy Lyle
1986: No tournament
1985Howard Clark England5 strokes Christy O'Connor Jnr
1984José María Cañizares Spain2 strokes Gordon Brand, Jnr
1983Dave Barr Canada3 strokes Rex Caldwell
1982Manuel Piñero Spain1 stroke José María Cañizares, Bob Gilder
1981: No tournament
1980Sandy Lyle Scotland1 stroke Bernhard Langer
1979Hale Irwin United States2 strokes Bernhard Langer, Sandy Lyle
1978John Mahaffey United States2 strokes Andy North
1977Gary Player South Africa3 strokes Hubert Green, Rudy Lavares
1976Ernesto Acosta Mexico3 strokes Brian Barnes, Manuel Piñero
1975Johnny Miller United States2 strokes Ben Arda, Hsieh Min-Nan, Bob Shearer
1974Bobby Cole South Africa5 strokes Masashi Ozaki
1973Johnny Miller United States3 strokes Gary Player
1972Hsieh Min-Nan Taiwan2 strokes Takaaki Kono
1971Jack Nicklaus United States7 strokes Gary Player
1970Roberto De Vicenzo Argentina1 stroke David Graham
1969Lee Trevino United States1 stroke Roberto De Vicenzo
1968Al Balding Canada5 strokes Roberto Bernardini
1967Arnold Palmer United States5 strokes Bob Charles, Jack Nicklaus
1966George Knudson CanadaPlayoff Hideyo Sugimoto
1965Gary Player South Africa3 strokes Jack Nicklaus
1964Jack Nicklaus United States2 strokes Arnold Palmer
1963Jack Nicklaus United States5 strokes Sebastián Miguel, Gary Player
1962Roberto De Vicenzo Argentina2 strokes Peter Alliss, Arnold Palmer
1961Sam Snead United States8 strokes Peter Thomson
1960Flory Van Donck Belgium2 strokes Sam Snead
1959Stan Leonard CanadaPlayoff Peter Thomson
1958Ángel Miguel SpainPlayoff Harry Bradshaw
1957Torakichi Nakamura Japan7 strokes Gary Player, Sam Snead, Dave Thomas
1956Ben Hogan United States5 strokes Roberto De Vicenzo
1955Ed Furgol United StatesPlayoff Peter Thomson
1953–54: No individual award

Performance by nation

Team Champions Runners-up
 United States 24 11
 Australia 5 5
 South Africa 5 4
 Spain 4 7
 Canada 3 2
 England 2 6
 Japan 2 4
 Sweden 2 3
 Ireland 2 2
 Wales 2 1
 Germany 2 1
 Scotland 1 6
 Argentina 1 5
 Taiwan 1 2
 Denmark 1 1
 Italy 1 1
 New Zealand 0 2
 Zimbabwe 0 2
 China 0 1
 France 0 1
 Philippines 0 1

Multiple winners

Teammates

As part of team

As individual (International Trophy)

References

  1. "Slow Greens Worry World Cup Golfers". The Age. 9 November 1967. Retrieved 28 November 2012.
  2. Jimenez, Tony (15 March 2010). "Golf-Record purse of $7.5 million for new biennial World Cup". Reuters. Retrieved 28 November 2012.
  3. "Omega Mission Hills World Cup to Become Biennial Event" (Press release). Asian Tour. 15 March 2010. Retrieved 28 November 2012.
  4. "US wins golf World Cup". ABC News. 27 November 2011. Retrieved 28 November 2012.
  5. "World Cup of Golf Moves to Australia". PGA Tour. 11 May 2013. Archived from the original on 8 July 2013. Retrieved 16 May 2013.
  6. "McIlroy might play for Northern Ireland in World Cup". PGA Tour. 14 May 2013. Retrieved 16 May 2013.
  7. 1 2 "N. Ireland, Ireland will team in WCup". ESPN. Associated Press. 17 May 2013. Retrieved 20 May 2013.
  8. "Omega Title Sponsor of the Mission Hills World Cup". Asian Tour. 30 January 2007.
  9. This was a combined Republic of Ireland and Northern Ireland team. They competed under the Republic of Ireland flag although both golfers were from Northern Ireland.
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