# Wolf Prize in Mathematics

The **Wolf Prize in Mathematics** is awarded almost annually^{[lower-alpha 1]} by the Wolf Foundation in Israel. It is one of the six Wolf Prizes established by the Foundation and awarded since 1978; the others are in Agriculture, Chemistry, Medicine, Physics and Arts. According to a reputation survey conducted in 2013 and 2014, the Wolf Prize in Mathematics is the third most prestigious international academic award in mathematics, after the Abel Prize and the Fields Medal.^{[1]}^{[2]} Until the establishment of the Abel Prize, it was probably the closest equivalent of a "Nobel Prize in Mathematics", since the Fields Medal is awarded every four years only to mathematicians under the age of 40.

## Laureates

Year | Name | Nationality | Citation |
---|---|---|---|

1978 | Israel Gelfand | for his work in functional analysis, group representation, and for his seminal contributions to many areas of mathematics and its applications. | |

Carl L. Siegel | for his contributions to the theory of numbers, theory of several complex variables, and celestial mechanics. | ||

1979 | Jean Leray | for pioneering work on the development and application of topological methods to the study of differential equations. | |

André Weil | for his inspired introduction of algebraic-geometric methods to the theory of numbers. | ||

1980 | Henri Cartan | for pioneering work in algebraic topology, complex variables, homological algebra and inspired leadership of a generation of mathematicians. | |

Andrey Kolmogorov | for deep and original discoveries in Fourier analysis, probability theory, ergodic theory and dynamical systems. | ||

1981 | Lars Ahlfors | for seminal discoveries and the creation of powerful new methods in geometric function theory. | |

Oscar Zariski | creator of the modern approach to algebraic geometry, by its fusion with commutative algebra. | ||

1982 | Hassler Whitney | for his fundamental work in algebraic topology, differential geometry and differential topology. | |

Mark Krein | for his fundamental contributions to functional analysis and its applications. | ||

1983/4 | Shiing-Shen Chern | for outstanding contributions to global differential geometry, which have profoundly influenced all mathematics. | |

Paul Erdős | for his numerous contributions to number theory, combinatorics, probability, set theory and mathematical analysis, and for personally stimulating mathematicians the world over. | ||

1984/5 | Kunihiko Kodaira | for his outstanding contributions to the study of complex manifolds and algebraic varieties. | |

Hans Lewy | for initiating many, now classic and essential, developments in partial differential equations. | ||

1986 | Samuel Eilenberg | for his fundamental work in algebraic topology and homological algebra. | |

Atle Selberg | for his profound and original work on number theory and on discrete groups and automorphic forms. | ||

1987 | Kiyoshi Itō | for his fundamental contributions to pure and applied probability theory, especially the creation of the stochastic differential and integral calculus. | |

Peter Lax | for his outstanding contributions to many areas of analysis and applied mathematics. | ||

1988 | Friedrich Hirzebruch | for outstanding work combining topology, algebraic geometry and differential geometry, and algebraic number theory; and for his stimulation of mathematical cooperation and research. | |

Lars Hörmander | for fundamental work in modern analysis, in particular, the application of pseudo-differential operators and Fourier integral operators to linear partial differential equations. | ||

1989 | Alberto Calderón | for his groundbreaking work on singular integral operators and their application to important problems in partial differential equations. | |

John Milnor | for ingenious and highly original discoveries in geometry, which have opened important new vistas in topology from the algebraic, combinatorial, and differentiable viewpoint. | ||

1990 | Ennio de Giorgi | for his innovating ideas and fundamental achievements in partial differential equations and calculus of variations. | |

Ilya Piatetski-Shapiro | for his fundamental contributions in the fields of homogeneous complex domains, discrete groups, representation theory and automorphic forms. | ||

1991 | No award | ||

1992 | Lennart Carleson | for his fundamental contributions to Fourier analysis, complex analysis, quasi-conformal mappings and dynamical systems. | |

John G. Thompson | for his profound contributions to all aspects of finite group theory and connections with other branches of mathematics. | ||

1993 | Mikhail Gromov | for his revolutionary contributions to global Riemannian and symplectic geometry, algebraic topology, geometric group theory and the theory of partial differential equations; | |

Jacques Tits | for his pioneering and fundamental contributions to the theory of the structure of algebraic and other classes of groups and in particular for the theory of buildings. | ||

1994/5 | Jürgen Moser | for his fundamental work on stability in Hamiltonian mechanics and his profound and influential contributions to nonlinear differential equations. | |

1995/6 | Robert Langlands | for his path-blazing work and extraordinary insight in the fields of number theory, automorphic forms and group representation. | |

Andrew Wiles | for spectacular contributions to number theory and related fields, major advances on fundamental conjectures, and for settling Fermat's last theorem. | ||

1996/7 | Joseph B. Keller | for his profound and innovative contributions, in particular to electromagnetic, optical, and acoustic wave propagation and to fluid, solid, quantum and statistical mechanics. | |

Yakov G. Sinai | for his fundamental contributions to mathematically rigorous methods in statistical mechanics and the ergodic theory of dynamical systems and their applications in physics. | ||

1998 | No award | ||

1999 | László Lovász | for his outstanding contributions to combinatorics, theoretical computer science and combinatorial optimization. | |

Elias M. Stein | for his contributions to classical and Euclidean Fourier analysis and for his exceptional impact on a new generation of analysts through his eloquent teaching and writing. | ||

2000 | Raoul Bott | for his deep discoveries in topology and differential geometry and their applications to Lie groups, differential operators and mathematical physics. | |

Jean-Pierre Serre | for his many fundamental contributions to topology, algebraic geometry, algebra, and number theory and for his inspirational lectures and writing. | ||

2001 | Vladimir Arnold | for his deep and influential work in a multitude of areas of mathematics, including dynamical systems, differential equations, and singularity theory. | |

Saharon Shelah | for his many fundamental contributions to mathematical logic and set theory, and their applications within other parts of mathematics. | ||

2002/3 | Mikio Sato | for his creation of algebraic analysis, including hyperfunction theory and microfunction theory, holonomic quantum field theory, and a unified theory of soliton equations. | |

John Tate | for his creation of fundamental concepts in algebraic number theory. | ||

2004 | No award | ||

2005 | Gregory Margulis | for his monumental contributions to algebra, in particular to the theory of lattices in semi-simple Lie groups, and striking applications of this to ergodic theory, representation theory, number theory, combinatorics, and measure theory. | |

Sergei Novikov | for his fundamental and pioneering contributions to algebraic and differential topology, and to mathematical physics, notably the introduction of algebraic-geometric methods. | ||

2006/7 | Stephen Smale | for his groundbreaking contributions that have played a fundamental role in shaping differential topology, dynamical systems, mathematical economics, and other subjects in mathematics. | |

Hillel Furstenberg | for his profound contributions to ergodic theory, probability, topological dynamics, analysis on symmetric spaces and homogeneous flows. | ||

2008 | Pierre Deligne | for his work on mixed Hodge theory; the Weil conjectures; the Riemann-Hilbert correspondence; and for his contributions to arithmetic. | |

Phillip A. Griffiths | for his work on variations of Hodge structures; the theory of periods of abelian integrals; and for his contributions to complex differential geometry. | ||

David B. Mumford | for his work on algebraic surfaces; on geometric invariant theory; and for laying the foundations of the modern algebraic theory of moduli of curves and theta functions. | ||

2009 | No award | ||

2010 | Shing-Tung Yau | for his work in geometric analysis that has had a profound and dramatic impact on many areas of geometry and physics. | |

Dennis P. Sullivan | for his innovative contributions to algebraic topology and conformal dynamics. | ||

2011 | No award | ||

2012 | Michael Aschbacher | for his work on the theory of finite groups. | |

Luis Caffarelli | for his work on partial differential equations. | ||

2013 | George D. Mostow | for his fundamental and pioneering contribution to geometry and Lie group theory. | |

Michael Artin | for his fundamental contributions to algebraic geometry. His mathematical accomplishments are astonishing for their depth and their scope. | ||

2014 | Peter Sarnak | for his deep contributions in analysis, number theory, geometry, and combinatorics. | |

2015 | James G. Arthur | for his monumental work on the trace formula and his fundamental contributions to the theory of automorphic representations of reductive groups. | |

2016 | No award | ||

2017 | Richard Schoen | for his contributions to geometric analysis and the understanding of the interconnectedness of partial differential equations and differential geometry. | |

Charles Fefferman | for his contributions in a number of mathematical areas including complex multivariate analysis, partial differential equations and sub-elliptical problems. | ||

2018 | Alexander Beilinson | for their work that has made significant progress at the interface of geometry and mathematical physics. | |

Vladimir Drinfeld |

## Notes

- ↑ The Wolf Foundation website describes the prize as annual; however, some prizes are split across years, while in some years no prize is awarded.

## References

- ↑ IREG Observatory on Academic Ranking and Excellence.
*IREG List of International Academic Awards*(PDF). Brussels: IREG Observatory on Academic Ranking and Excellence. Retrieved 3 March 2018. - ↑ Zheng, Juntao; Liu, Niancai (2015). "Mapping of important international academic awards".
*Scientometrics*.**104**: 763–791. doi:10.1007/s11192-015-1613-7.

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