William O. Baker
|William Oliver Baker|
|5th President of Bell Labs|
|Preceded by||Ian Munro Ross|
|Succeeded by||James Brown Fisk|
July 15, 1915|
October 31, 2005 90) (aged|
Chatham, New Jersey
(m. 1941; her death 1999)
William Oliver Baker (July 15, 1915 – October 31, 2005) was president of Bell Labs from 1973 to 1979 and advisor on scientific matters to five United States presidents.
He was born on July 15, 1915 in Chestertown, Maryland.
He received his degree from Washington College and went on to get a doctorate from Princeton University, studying under Charles Phelps Smyth. He later did research for Bell Labs that helped lead to synthetic rubber. He held 11 patents in all. He headed Bell Labs from 1973 to 1979. Prior to being named president, he had served as Bell Labs Vice President for Research since 1955. Baker was a longtime resident of Morristown, New Jersey.
- Perkin Medal (1963)
- Fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences (1965)
- Priestley Medal (1966)
- IRI Medal from the Industrial Research Institute (1970)
- American Institute of Chemists Gold Medal (1975)
- Charles Lathrop Parsons Award, American Chemical Society (1976)
- Willard Gibbs Award (1978)
- Vannevar Bush Award (1981)
- SASA Medal of Achievement (1984) Thereafter known as the William Oliver Baker Award
- National Medal of Science (1988)
- Benjamin Franklin Medal for Distinguished Achievement in the Sciences of the American Philosophical Society (2000).
- Marconi Society (2003)
- Margalit Fox (November 3, 2005). "William O. Baker, 90, an Adviser to Five Presidents About Scientific Matters, Dies". New York Times.
- "SCI Perkin Medal". Science History Institute. Retrieved 24 March 2018.
- "Book of Members, 1780-2010: Chapter B" (PDF). American Academy of Arts and Sciences. Retrieved 9 May 2011.
- "Charles Lathrop Parsons Award". American Chemical Society. Retrieved 2016-01-14.
- "Benjamin Franklin Medal for Distinguished Achievement in the Sciences Recipients". American Philosophical Society. Retrieved November 27, 2011.