William "Will" Mailly (1871–1912) was an American socialist political functionary, journalist, and trade union activist. He is best remembered as the second National Executive Secretary of the Socialist Party of America and as the first managing editor of the socialist daily newspaper, the New York Call.
William Mailly was born November 22, 1871 in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. Mailly's parents emigrated to Liverpool, England when the boy was 2, and so the American-born Mailly was raised in English schools — an extremely rare pattern of emigration for an American radical activist. The young Will worked in Liverpool from a very early age as an errand boy.
Mailly returned to the United States in July 1889, working briefly in a brickyard and on a railway before moving to Alabama in 1890 to take up work as a coal miner. Mailly became involved in the trade union movement as a member of the United Mine Workers of America in 1893.
Mailly took part in a coal strike in 1894, activity which resulted in his blacklisting from the Alabama coal mines.
Following his blacklisting from the mines, Mailly began to work as an organizer on behalf of the UMWA and the Socialist Party of America.
Mailly turned his hand to labor journalism, taking a job as Associate Editor of the Birmingham Labor Advocate in May 1895, and serving at that post for about a year. Thereafter he moved to Nashville, Tennessee. In 1896, he joined the Socialist Labor Party of America (SLP), but his stay in that organization proved to be short-lived, as he left the SLP in July of the subsequent year to join the Social Democracy of America, an organization which included Victor L. Berger and Eugene V. Debs. Mailly organized a branch of the Social Democracy in July 1897 and was a delegate from Alabama to the 1898 Convention of this organization.
From there Mailly moved to the socialist enclave of Haverhill, Massachusetts, where he served as secretary of the SDP's state and municipal campaign committees. Mailly also worked as the Editor of the Haverhill Social Democrat in 1898. He was elected State Secretary of the Socialist Party of Massachusetts in 1902.
After his time in Massachusetts, Mailly moved on to New York City, remaining engaged in politics there. He was a founding member of the Socialist Party of America (SPA) in 1901. That same year he attended the Annual Convention of the American Federation of Labor.
The January 1903 meeting of the governing National Committee of the SPA elected Mailly as the new Nati Secretary of the party and he assumed these duties the following month. The same meeting moved the headquarters of the party to Omaha, Nebraska, and so Mailly moved there forthwith. Mailly was reelected as National Secretary of the Socialist Party in 1904 and continued in that position until 1905.
After declining to run for National Secretary in 1905, Mailly went to work for the Left Wing Socialist Hermon F. Titus as Business Manager of The Socialist, Titus' weekly which he had recently relocated to Toledo, Ohio from Washington state. Mailly left that publication sometime around the first of June 1906, thereafter moving to New York City. Mailly also served as a member of the National Executive Committee of the SPA from 1905 to 1906.
Mailly finished up his life back in New York City, first as Associate Editor of the socialist weekly The Worker (1906–1907) before becoming Managing Editor of its successor the New York Call (1908–1909). He then moved to the mass-circulation monthly The Metropolitan Magazine where he was to contribute an article each month on the topic of socialism.
Death and legacy
- A close parallel may be found in the biography of Leonard D. Abbott, who was born in Liverpool of American parents, with him only arriving in America around the age of maturity.
- "William Mailly," The Socialist [Seattle], whole no. 132 (February 15, 1903), pg. 3.
- William D.P. Bliss with Rudolph M. Binder (eds.), The New Cyclopedia of Social Reform. New edition. New York: Funk and Wagnalls, 1908; pg. 745.
- William M. Feigenbaum, "Socialist Profiles: No. 13, William Mailly," The New Leader, vol. 15, no. 11 (March 18, 1933), pp. 8-9.
- "Socialists Who Attended the Convention of the American Federation of Labor: Scranton, December 1901," The Comrade (New York), January 1902, pg. 117.
- "National Office News: William Mailly," Cleveland Socialist, whole no. 47 (September 14, 1912), pg. 3.
- "Biggest and Best Socialist Convention Held in New York," The Worker, vol. 16, no. 10 (June 9, 1906), pg. 1.
- William M. Fiegenbaum, The New York Call: Ten Years of Service, 1908-1918. New York: New York Call, 1918; pg. 18.
- "The Movement from January 1 to July 1, 1903," Appeal to Reason [Girard, KS], whole no. 405 (Sept. 5, 1903), pg. 2.
- "The Socialist Movement in the United States," in F.W. Pethick Lawrence and Joseph Edwards (eds.), The Reformers' Year Book: 1904 (vol. 10). London: The Echo, 1904; pp. 70–71.
- "Trade Union and Socialist Movement in the United States," in F.W. Pethick Lawrence and Joseph Edwards (eds.), The Reformers' Year Book: 1905 (vol. 11). London: The Echo, 1905; pp. 156–158.
- "The Socialist View," in "Lessons of the Election: A Symposium," To-Morrow: A Monthly Hand-Book of the Changing Order, vol. 1, no. 1 (January 1905), pp. 39–40.
- George D. Herron, "William Mailly as a Socialist Type," The Coming Nation [Girard, KS], new series no. 116 (Nov. 14, 1912), pp. 5, 11-12.
- Howard Quint, The Forging of American Socialism: Origins of the Modern Movement. Columbia, SC: University of South Carolina Press, 1953.
- A.M. Simons, "Died on the Firing Line," The Coming Nation [Girard, KS], new series no. 105 (Sept. 14, 1912), pg. 16.