Born in Zhaoyuan, Shandong Province, Wang joined PLA in 1946, and joined CPC in February 1947. He had served as secretary of Deng Xiaoping since 1952, when Deng was the vice premier of the State Council. When Deng re-emerged in the 1970s, Wang became his secretary again and held this post till Deng's retirement in 1990.
From 1990 to 1995, he was the vice director of general office of CPC Central Committee, vice director of general office of the Central Military Commission (CMC), secretary of discipline commission of CMC and the vice director of PLA General Political Department. In 1995, he became a member of the CMC.
He attained the rank of lieutenant general in 1988 and full general in 1994.
Wang was a member of 13th, 14th and 15th Central Committees of Communist Party of China.
- United States. Foreign Broadcast Information Service (1995). Daily report: People's Republic of China, Issues 202-203; Issues 205-207. National Technical Information Service. p. 25.
- Shambaugh, David L. (2004). Modernizing China's military: progress, problems, and prospects. University of California Press. pp. 44–46.
- "Zhongguo ren ming da ci dian" bian ji bu (1994). Who's who in China current leaders. Foreign Languages Press. p. 650.
- Wong, John; Yongnian Zheng (2002). China's post-Jiang leadership succession: problems and perspectives. World Scientific. p. 82.