|Volodymyr Shcherbytsky |
|First Secretary of the Communist Party of Ukraine|
25 May 1972 – 28 September 1989
|Preceded by||Petro Shelest|
|Succeeded by||Vladimir Ivashko|
|Chairman of the Council of Ministers of the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic|
23 October 1965 – 25 May 1972
|Preceded by||Ivan Kazanets|
|Succeeded by||Oleksandr Liashko|
28 February 1961 – 26 June 1963
|Preceded by||Nikifor Kalchenko|
|Succeeded by||Ivan Kazanets|
|First Secretary of the Dnipropetrovsk Regional Committee of the Communist Party of Ukraine|
7 July 1963 – 23 October 1965
|Preceded by||Nikita Tolubeev|
|Succeeded by||Oleksiy Vatchenko|
December 1955 – December 1957
|Preceded by||Andrei Kirilenko|
|Succeeded by||Anton Gayevoy|
|Full member of the 24th , 25th, 26th, 27th Politburo|
9 April 1971 – 20 September 1989
|Candidate member of the 22nd Politburo|
6 December 1965 – 8 April 1966
31 October 1961 – 13 December 1963
|Full member of the 22nd, 23rd, 24th, 25th, 26th, 27th Central Committee|
31 October 1961 – 31 October 1983
17 February 1918|
Verkhnodniprovsk, Ukrainian People's Republic
16 February 1990 (aged 71)|
Kiev, Ukrainian SSR, Soviet Union
|Political party||Communist Party of the Soviet Union|
Volodymyr Vasylyovych Shcherbytsky (Ukrainian: Володи́мир Васи́льович Щерби́цький IPA: [vɔlɔˈdɪmɪr vɐˈsɪlʲɔvɪt͡ʃ ʃt͡ʃerˈbɪt͡sʲkɪj], Russian: Влади́мир Васи́льевич Щерби́цкий, IPA: [vlɐˈdʲimʲɪr vɐˈsʲilʲɪvʲɪt͡ɕ ɕːɪrˈbʲit͡skʲɪj]; 17 February 1918, Verkhnodniprovsk — 16 February 1990) was a Ukrainian and Soviet politician. He was a leader of the Communist Party of Ukraine from 1972 to 1989. During World War II, he participated in the invasion of Iran by the Soviet forces (see Iran crisis of 1946).
An influential figure in the Soviet Union, a member of Soviet politburo since 1971, he was a close ally to Soviet leader Leonid Brezhnev. His rule of the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic was characterized by the expanded policies of re-centralisation and suppression of dissent. While supporting Russification policies, he still allowed the Ukrainian language to keep circulating side-by-side with Russian in this traditionally bilingual republic. Scherbytsky's power base was arguably one of the most corrupt and conservative among the Soviet republics.
Shcherbytsky is sometimes held responsible for concealing the real scale of the Chernobyl Accident even to the central government in Moscow and for holding a May Day demonstration in Kiev only five days after the accident happened, when the public was still severely exposed to nuclear radiation.
On 20 September 1989, Shcherbytsky lost his membership of the politburo in a purge of conservative members pushed through by Mikhail Gorbachev. Eight days later he was removed from leadership of the Communist Party of Ukraine at a plenum in Kiev personally presided over by Gorbachev.
Volodymyr Shcherbytsky was twice awarded the Hero of Socialist Labour — in 1974 and 1977. During his public service he also received numerous other civil and state awards and recognitions, including the Order of Lenin (in 1958, 1968, 1971, 1973, 1977, 1983 and 1988), the Order of October Revolution (in 1978 and 1982), the Order of the Patriotic War, I class (in 1985) and various medals.
In 1985 Leonid Kravchuk who was a secretary of Communist Party of Ukraine about ideological matters was preparing a report for Shcherbytsky for the next party committee gatherings following a plenum of the Central Committee of Communist Party of the Soviet Union. In his report Kravchuk mentioned a word perestroika. As soon as Shcherbytsky had heard the word, he stopped Kravchuk and asked.
|“||What fool (durak) invented this word perestroika? Why rebuild the house? Is there anything wrong in the Soviet Union? We are fine! What is there to rebuild? It is necessary to improve, reorganize, but why, if the house is not falling apart, why does it need to be rebuilt?||”|
|— Vladimir Shcherbitskiy,|
- Democratic Changes and Authoritarian Reactions in Russia, Ukraine, Belarus and Moldova By Karen Dawisha, Bruce Parrott. Cambridge University Press, 1997 ISBN 0-521-59732-3, ISBN 978-0-521-59732-6. p. 337
- Garthoff, Raymond L. (1994). The Great Transition: American-Soviet Relations and the End of the Cold War. Washington, D.C.: Brookings Institution. p. 393. ISBN 0-8157-3060-8.
- Garthoff, Raymond L. (1994). The Great Transition: American-Soviet Relations and the End of the Cold War. Washington, D.C.: Brookings Institution. p. 397. ISBN 0-8157-3060-8.
- "Vladimir Shcherbitsky, 71, Dies; Former Ukraine Communist Chief". The New York Times. Associated Press. 18 February 1990.
- Shcherbytsky Volodymyr Vasylyovych, from the Ukrainian Government Portal
- Nikitin, A. Vladimir Scherbitskiy: the last Ukrainian secretary (Владимир Щербицкий: последний украинский секретарь). Vzglyad. 6 December 2013
|Party political offices|
| 1st Secretary of the Communist Party of Ukraine
| 1st Secretary of the Communist Party of Dnipropetrovsk Oblast
| Prime Minister of Ukraine (Ukrainian SSR)