Voiceless retroflex flap

Voiceless retroflex flap
ɽ̊
IPA number 105 402B
Encoding
Unicode (hex) U+027D U+030A
X-SAMPA r`_0

The voiceless retroflex flap or tap is a sound that has been reported to occur as a dialectal realization of /ʂ/ in the Dhivehi language.[1] The symbol in the International Phonetic Alphabet that represents this sound is ɽ̊, and the equivalent X-SAMPA symbol is r`_0.

Features

Features of the voiceless retroflex flap:

  • Its manner of articulation is flap, which means it is produced with a single contraction of the muscles so that one articulator (usually the tongue) is thrown against another.
  • Its phonation is voiceless, which means it is produced without vibrations of the vocal cords. In some languages the vocal cords are actively separated, so it is always voiceless; in others the cords are lax, so that it may take on the voicing of adjacent sounds.
  • It is an oral consonant, which means air is allowed to escape through the mouth only.
  • It is a central consonant, which means it is produced by directing the airstream along the center of the tongue, rather than to the sides.

Occurrence

Language Word IPA Meaning Notes
Dhivehi Some dialects[1] May be a trill instead.[1] Corresponds to /ʂ/ in other dialects.[1]
Norwegian Selbu dialect lk [mœɽ̊k] 'milk' Uncommon allophone of /ɽ/ before k and p.[2]

Notes

  1. 1 2 3 4 Maumoon (2002:35)
  2. Dalen, Arnold (15 October 2008). Trøndersk språkhistorie. Fagbokforlaget. ISBN 978-82-519-2330-9.

References

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