Voiceless labiodental stop

Voiceless labiodental stop
p̪
IPA number 101 408
Encoding
Entity (decimal) p̪
Unicode (hex) U+0070U+032A
X-SAMPA p_d
Kirshenbaum p[
Braille

The voiceless labiodental stop is a consonant sound produced like a [p], but with the lower lip contacting the upper teeth, as in [f]. This can be represented in the IPA as . A separate symbol not recognized by the IPA that is often seen, especially in Bantu linguistics, is the qp ligature ȹ.

The voiceless labiodental stop is possibly not phonemic in any language, though see the entry on Shubi. However, it does occur allophonically. The XiNkuna dialect of Tsonga has affricates, [p̪͡f] and [b̪͡v] (that is, [ȹ͡f] and [ȸ͡v]), which unlike the bilabial-labiodental affricate [p͡f] of German, are purely labiodental.

Features

Features of the voiceless labiodental stop:

  • Its phonation is voiceless, which means it is produced without vibrations of the vocal cords.
  • It is an oral consonant, which means air is allowed to escape through the mouth only.
  • Because the sound is not produced with airflow over the tongue, the centrallateral dichotomy does not apply.

Varieties

IPADescription
plain p̪
p̪ʰ aspirated
p̪ʲ palatalized
p̪ʷ labialized
p̪̚ p̪ with no audible release
p̪̌ voiced
p̪ʼ ejective

Occurrence

LanguageWordIPAMeaningNotes
Greekσάπφειρος[ˈsap̪firo̞s̠]'sapphire'See Modern Greek phonology

See also

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