Voiced velar lateral approximant

Voiced velar lateral approximant
ʟ
IPA number 158
Encoding
Entity (decimal) ʟ
Unicode (hex) U+029F
X-SAMPA L\
Kirshenbaum L
Braille
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The voiced velar lateral approximant is a type of consonantal sound, used in a very small number[1] of spoken languages in the world. The symbol in the International Phonetic Alphabet that represents this sound is ʟ (since 1989) and the equivalent X-SAMPA symbol is L\.

The velar laterals of the world often involve a prestopped realization [ɡ͡ʟ].[2]

Features

Features of the velar lateral approximant:

  • Its phonation is voiced, which means the vocal cords vibrate during the articulation.
  • It is an oral consonant, which means air is allowed to escape through the mouth only.
  • It is a lateral consonant, which means it is produced by directing the airstream over the sides of the tongue, rather than down the middle.

Occurrence

Language Word IPA Meaning Notes
English Some dialects[3] milk  [mɪʟk]  'milk' May occur before velar and labial consonants. See English phonology
Hiw[4] evov [ɡ͡ʟəβɡ͡ʟɔβ] 'evening' Realized as prestopped [ɡ͡ʟ].
Melpa[5] [paʟa] 'fence'
Mid-Wahgi[3] aglagle [aʟaʟe] 'dizzy'

See also

Notes

References

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